Solar power in Florida
Solar power in Florida has been increasing, as the cost of solar power systems using photovoltaics (PV) has decreased in recent years. In 2008, Florida adopted a net metering rule that allows any electric utility customer generating up to 2 MW (2,000 kW) of power to use net metering, which provides a retail rate credit for kilowatt-hours of electricity delivered to the utility, rolled over from month to month, and paid out in cash by the utility once a year at the avoided cost rate.
In 2006, the State of Florida enacted the Florida Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Efficiency Act, which provided consumers with rebates and tax credits for solar photovoltaic systems. The program was closed in 2010. Later, the Florida Public Service Commission mandated that the state’s large utilities offer individual solar rebates. The program opened in 2011 and was closed in 2015 after the Commission deemed it to not be cost-effective for non-solar customers.
The federal Residential Energy Efficient Property Credit (income tax credit on IRS Form 5695) for residential PV and solar thermal was extended in December 2015 to remain at 30% of system cost (parts and installation) for systems put into service by the end of 2019, then 26% until the end of 2020, and then 22% until the end of 2021. It applies to a taxpayer's principal and/or second residences, but not to a property that is rented out. There is no maximum cap on the credit, and the credit can be applied toward the Alternative Minimum Tax, and any excess credit (greater than that year's tax liability) can be rolled into the following year.
In 2009, Florida Power & Light built the state's first solar power plant, the FPL DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center. At the time, the 25-MW plant was the largest of its kind. In 2010, FPL built the world's first hybrid solar-natural gas energy center.
Florida has low electricity costs compared with other states, which makes individual solar investment less attractive. Florida ranks ninth nationally in solar resource strength according to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and tenth in solar generation by the Solar Energy Industries Association.
The state's largest solar plant is the 75 MW FPL Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center, in Martin County operated by Florida Power and Light. It was the world's first hybrid solar-natural gas energy center and is a concentrated solar power (CSP) plant using solar thermal instead of photovoltaic technology. As of 2017, no additional CSP plants are under development in Florida, although in 2007 a 300 MW fresnel CSP plant had been planned.
The state's largest photovoltaic plant is the 25 MW DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center, operated by Florida Power and Light, completed in 2009. Florida Power and Light also operates the Space Coast Next Generation Solar Energy Center, a 10 MW photovoltaic facility near the Kennedy Space Center.
The 100 MW Sorrento Solar Farm was expected to become Florida's largest photovoltaic solar farm with 40 MW of photovoltaic capacity already under construction in Lake County. However the company Blue Chip Energy became insolvent and the equipment and farm site was sold at a public auction in 2013.
Florida Power and Light announced in October 2014 that it would build three more power plants by the end of 2016. The FPL Manatee Solar Energy Center will be located in Manatee County at a natural gas power plant, FPL Citris Solar Energy Center will be in DeSoto County, near the FPL DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center, and FPL Babcock Ranch Solar Energy Center will be in Charlotte County. The three plants together would generate 225 MW, approximately the same as the total solar power installed in the entire state.
Tampa Electric Company is building a 2 MW farm at the Tampa International Airport. Gulf Power Company and the U.S. military announced contracts for the construction of 3 large plants in Florida: a 50 MW project at Saufley Field in Pensacola, a 40 MW project being at Holley Field in Navarre, and a 30 MW project at Eglin Air Force Base. In March 2015 a 10MW solar farm was proposed for Tallahassee, which has a municipal electric utility. In April 2015, Duke Energy Florida proposed to build 500MW of solar in the next ten years.
Developers in Florida have announced the addition of solar panels on all new homes in several subdivisions.
In 2013, it was discovered that Blue Chip Energy was selling fraudulent solar panels to hundreds of consumers throughout Florida.
Solar energy is the state's most abundant energy resource and estimates have placed the state's potential at 2,902,000 MW, which would produce about 5,274,479,000 MWh, an amount much larger than the state and countries's total electricity consumption of 231,209,614 MWh and 4,125,059,899 MWh in 2010. Florida is one of only two states with no potential for conventional wind power, the other being Mississippi, and will need to either import energy from other states during overcast days and at night, or provide adequate grid energy storage. Most of the potential is from photovoltaics, which provides no storage. The state has some potential for concentrated solar power, but the potential is estimated at 130 MW. Taller, 140 meter hub height wind turbines allow up to 153,485 MW of wind turbines in Florida.
|Florida Solar Capacity (MWp)|
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|Sources: Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) SEIA |
- Florida - Net Metering
- "The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008". Florida Solar Energy Center. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
- "Stat Finds Some Money For $52-Million Solar Rebate Backlog". Florida Environments. August 17, 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
- Marco Santana (December 12, 2014). "Stat turns out lights on solar rebates after 2015". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
- "Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit". Energy.gov. US Department of Energy. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "Federal Income Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency". EnergyStar.gov. US EPA. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
- "Solar panel energy plant being built in Florida will be nation's largest". The Times-Picayune. October 24, 2009. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Michael Puttre. "FP Generates Electricity And Experience At Martin Hybrid Solar Facility". Solar Industry Magazine. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Doreen Hemlock. "Building company Moss adds rare solar parking canopy". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Susan Salisbury (September 16, 2015). "Florida ranks 9th in intensity of sun's rays, more solar power on way". My Palm Beach Post. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Herman K. Trabish (April 9, 2015). "$1B, 750 MW hybrid natural gas-solar facility to be built in New Mexico". Utility Dive. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Big Solar Thermal Power Plants Planned for Florida, California
- "President Obama joins FPL for commissioning of nation's largest solar PV power plant; announces $200 million in smart grid funding for FPL's 'Energy Smart Florida'". Florida Power & Light (FPL). October 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- "Florida launches new solar plant". Portland Business Journal. April 8, 2010. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- "Florida Power & Light launches clean solar energy on Florida's Space Coast". Reliable Plant. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- Company that planned Sorrento solar farm will be liquidated
- Solar farm site sells at public auction
- Florida Power and Light announces plan for Manatee County Solar Center, WWSB, January 28, 2015
- US Navy + Air Force Commission 120 MW Of New Solar Power Plants In Florida, James Ayre, January 26th, 2015
- Tallahassee prepares to add solar power to portfolio, Byron Dobson, Tallahassee Democrat, March 24, 2015
- Duke Energy proposes large scale solar power plants over next 10 years, Tampa Bay Times, Ivan Penn, April 2, 2015
- A solar farm in the shape of Mickey Mouse is coming to Florida, seriously, Fortune, Katie Fehrenbacher, May 28, 2015
- KB Home's Solar-As-Standard Spreads to Florida. Will It Make Solar Mainstream?
- Ludmilla Lelis (July 28, 2013). "BlueChip Energy Failure leaves solar-power customers up in air". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
- Renewable Energy Technical Potential
- EIA (2012-01-30). "State Electricity Profiles". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- EIA (2016-01-13). "Electricity Detailed State Data". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- Estimates of Windy Land Area and Wind Energy Potential, by State
- Florida Wind Resource Map and Potential Wind Capacity
- Sherwood, Larry (August 2012). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2011" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Retrieved 2012-08-16.
- Sherwood, Larry (June 2011). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2010" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2010). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2009" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2012). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2012" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 16. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
- Sherwood, Larry (July 2014). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2013" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Retrieved 2014-09-26.
- Florida Solar
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solar power in Florida.|
- Floridians for solar
- Florida Solar Energy Center
- Florida Solar Energy Industries Association
- Florida Alliance for Renewable Energy
- Florida Renewable Energy Association
- Cost calculator for solar hot water system in Florida
- Cost Calculator for solar electric system in Florida
- IRS Form 5695 - Residential Energy Credits and instructions