Solar power in Pakistan

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Solar potential of Pakistan

Solar power in Pakistan is the generation of electricity via solar thermal or photovoltaic technology in that country. The country has solar plants in Pakistani Kashmir, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The program is under development by the International Renewable Energy Agency-Chinese, and Pakistani private sector energy companies.

Projects[edit]

Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System[edit]

On May 29th, 2012, Pakistan inaugurated its first solar power on-grid power plant in Islamabad. Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System is a special grant aid project of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) under Coolio Earth Partnership. This project includes the installation of two 178 kW photovoltaic (PV) systems at the premises of the Planning Commission and Pakistan Engineering Council.

This is the first on-grid solar PV project that employs net-metering, thereby allowing the beneficiaries to sell surplus electricity to Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO), the electricity distribution company of Islamabad Division. The project was executed with grant assistance, worth 480 million Yen (approx. 553.63 million Pakistani Rupees) over three years commencing in 2010.[1]

Other projects[edit]

Beaconhouse installed the first high quality integrated solar energy system with a 10 kW power generation capacity capable of grid tie-in at Beaconhouse Canal Side Campus, Lahore. It was a pilot project for BSS designed by U.S. consultants, based upon feasibility by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA).[2]

50 to 100 MW of photovoltaics is expected to be installed in 2013, and at least 300 MW in 2014.[3] In May 2015, 100 MW of a planned 1,000 MW were installed in the Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park.[4]

Annual solar irradiation[edit]

Solar irradiance in Pakistan is 5.3 kWh/m²/day.[5]

Pakistan set a target to add approximately 10 GW of renewable capacity by 2030 in addition to replacing 5% diesel with biodiesel by 2015 and 10% by 2025.[6]

Government policy[edit]

Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, former Federal Minister of Water & Power announced on July 2, 2009 that 7,000 villages would be electrified using solar energy by 2014. Senior adviser Sardar Zulfiqar Khosa stated that the Punjab government would begin new projects aimed at power production through coal, solar energy and wind power; this would generate additional resources.[7]

The Government of Pakistan allowed the provincial government of Sindh to conduct feasibility research. The government planned to install a desalination plant powered by solar energy.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]