Solar power in Texas

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Solar array in Austin[1]

Solar power in Texas, along with wind power, have the potential to allow Texas to remain an energy-exporting state. Texas has the largest solar and wind potential in the country.[2][3]

Solar farms[edit]

The largest which will produce 110 MWac / 133.10 MWdc, named Alamo 6, is under construction still in McCamey, Upton County, Texas. Alamo 6 was sold for $385 million to Warren Buffett in January 2017. The largest solar farm in production in Texas is the 157 MW(AC), Roserock Solar which came online in September 2016, and next is 106 MW(AC) Alamo 7 which came online in September 2016 and next is the 95 MW(AC) Alamo 5 near San Antonio which came online in April 2016. Others include the 40 MW Alamo 4, which came online in September 2014; the 41 MW Alamo 1 solar farm, which came online in December 2013;[4] the 35 MW Webberville Solar Farm, near Austin, which began operation in December, 2011[5] and the 16.6 MW[6] Blue Wing Solar Project, at the intersection of I37 and US 181, southeast of San Antonio, which began operation in November, 2010.[7] Top solar contractors in Texas include Meridian Solar, Longhorn Solar, Axium Solar and Native.[8]

Summary table: Solar farms in Texas
Solar farm Installed
capacity (MWAC)
Year City County
Alamo 1 40.7 2013 San Antonio Bexar
Alamo 2[9] 4.4 2014 Converse Bexar
Alamo 3[10] 5.5 2015 Converse Bexar
Alamo 4[11] 39.6 2014 Brackettville Kinney
Alamo 5[12] 95 2016 Uvalde Uvalde
Alamo 6[13] 105 2017 Iraan Pecos
Alamo 7 106 2016 Haskell Haskell
Barilla Solar Phase 1[14] 18 2014 Pecos
Barilla Solar Phase 2[15] 12 2015 Pecos
Blue Wing Solar Project[16] 14.4 2010 San Antonio Bexar
Bryan Solar[17] 10 2013 Presidio
Sinkin 1[18] 9.9 2012 San Antonio Bexar
Buckthorn Solar 154 2018 Pecos
East Pecos Solar[13] 118.5 2017
Lamesa Solar Project[13] 100 2017
PSEG El Paso Solar Energy Center 10 2014 El Paso
Roserock Solar 157.5 2016 Pecos
Sinkin 2 9.9 2012 San Antonio Bexar
SolaireHolman Solar Project[13] 50 2017
Somerset Solar Farm[19] 10.6 2012 Bexar
Upton County Solar 2 180 2018 Upton
Webberville Solar Farm[20] 30 2011 Webberville Travis

Statistics[edit]

Average solar insolation

Installed capacity[edit]

Texas Grid-Connected PV Capacity (MW)[21][22][23][24][25][26]
Year Capacity Change % Change
2007 3.2
2008 4.4 1.2 38%
2009 8.6 4.2 95%
2010 34.5 25.9 301%
2011 85.6 51.1 148%
2012 140.3 54.7 64%
2013 215.9 75.6 54%
2014 387 129 60%
2015 534 207 53%

Generation-utility scale[edit]

Using data available from the U.S. Energy Information Agency's Electric Power Annual 2016[27] and "Electric Power Monthly Data Browser",[28][29][30][31] the following table summarizes Texas’s solar energy posture.

2017 TX Solar Energy Generation Profile
Capacity factor for each year was computed from the end-of-year summer capacity. 2017 data is from Electric Power Monthly and is subject to change.
Solar-electric generation in Texas
Year Facilities Summer capacity (MW) Electric energy (GWh or M kWh) Capacity factor Yearly growth of generating capacity Yearly growth of produced energy % of TX renewable electric energy % of TX generated electric energy % of U.S. Solar electric energy
2017 39 1221.7 2119 0.198 111% 190% 2.9% 0.47% 4.0%
2016 578.9 731 0.144 82% 1.2% 32.9% 0.16% 2.0%
2015 317.9 401 0.144 71% 42% 0.8% 0.09% 1.6%
2014 185.7 282 0.173 73% 0.70% 0.06% 1.5%

Generation-small scale[edit]

Beginning with the 2014 data year, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has estimated the distributed solar-photovoltaic generation and distributed solar-photovoltaic capacity.[32] These non-utility-scale appraisals evaluate that Texas generated the following amounts of additional solar energy:

Estimated distributed solar electric generation in Texas[33]
Year Summer capacity (MW) Electric energy (GWh or M kWh)
2017 460.5 695
2016 277.1 391
2015 147.2 223
2014 96 141


Potential generation[edit]

Covering half of the roof with 10% efficient photovoltaics is sufficient to generate all of the electricity used by an average family in Texas. Solar farms are more cost effective in West Texas, where insolation levels are greater.[34] The US uses about 100 quads of energy each year.[35] This number is expected to be reduced by 50% by 2050, due to efficiency increases.[36] Texas has the potential to generate 22,786,750 million kWh/year, more than any other state, from 7,743,000 MW of concentrated solar power plants, using 34% of Texas,[37] and 131,200 million kWh/year from 97,800 MW of rooftop photovoltaic panels, 34.6% of the electricity used in the state in 2013.[38]

Texas electricity consumption in 2010 was 358,458 million kWh, more than any other state, and 9.5% of the US total.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Output data[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Accounts, Texas Comptroller of Public. "State Energy Conservation Office". www.seco.cpa.state.tx.us. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Estimates of Windy Land Area and Wind Energy Potential, by State". windpoweringamerica.gov. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  4. ^ [1], OCI Solar Power
  5. ^ "City of Austin Activates Largest Texas Solar Farm - CleanTechnica". cleantechnica.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  6. ^ "FAQ". cpsenergy.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Blue Wing Solar Farm". juwisolar.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  8. ^ "The Solar Power World Top 250: The Top Solar Contractors In Texas". www.solarpowerworldonline.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  9. ^ http://www.bizjournals.com/sanantonio/blog/2014/03/oci-s-alamo-2-solar-farm-begings-generating-energy.html
  10. ^ "Phase 3 of 400 MW Alamo Solar Project in Texas Now Online - CleanTechnica". cleantechnica.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Alamo 4 Solar - Solar - Mortenson". www.mortenson.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  12. ^ "ConEdison Development joins CPS Energy to dedicate Alamo 5 - CPS Energy Newsroom and Blog". cpsenergy.com. 12 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d "EIA - Electricity Data". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  14. ^ http://investor.firstsolar.com/releasedetail.cfm?releaseid=869379
  15. ^ Gold, Russell (21 August 2015). "Next Texas Energy Boom: Solar". Retrieved 23 April 2018 – via www.wsj.com.
  16. ^ "The Blue Wing Solar Project: "Truly Utility Scale"". greentechmedia.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  17. ^ "BTU Adds Sunshine to Energy Sources". wtaw.com. 4 April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  18. ^ Energy, CPS. "New Energy Economy Project Boosts CPS Energy's Solar Power And Area Education". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  19. ^ "CPS dedicates solar complex". mysanantonio.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Update and Erratum—Webberville: The Biggest Solar PV Installation in Texas". greentechmedia.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  21. ^ Sherwood, Larry (August 2012). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2011" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
  22. ^ Sherwood, Larry (June 2011). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2010" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Retrieved 2011-06-29.
  23. ^ Sherwood, Larry (July 2010). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2009" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  24. ^ Sherwood, Larry (July 2009). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2008" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-23. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
  25. ^ Sherwood, Larry (July 2012). "U.S. Solar Market Trends 2012" (PDF). Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). p. 16. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
  26. ^ "Texas Solar". SEIA. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
  27. ^ "Electric Power Annual State Data"[2] 1990-2016 Existing Name Plate and Summer Capacity by Energy Source and State retrieved 2018-7-17
  28. ^ "Electric Power Monthly Data Browser" [3] Table 1.17B retrieved 2018-3-15
  29. ^ "Electric Power Monthly Data Browser "[4] Report 1.14 retrieved 2017-6-17
  30. ^ "Electric Power Monthly Data Browser "[5] Report 1.13 retrieved 2017-6-17
  31. ^ "Electric Power Monthly Data Browser "[6] Report 1.6 retrieved 2017-6-17
  32. ^ "Electric Power Annual" retrieved 2017 6 17
  33. ^ "Electric Power Monthly" retrieved 2018 3 12
  34. ^ "Texas' renewable energy resources". infinitepower.org. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  35. ^ "US Energy Consumption". wilcoxen.maxwell.insightworks.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  36. ^ Makhijani, Arjun Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free, A Roadmap for U.S. Energy Policy 2007 ISBN 978-1-57143-173-8
  37. ^ "Renewable Energy Technical Potential". nrel.gov. Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  38. ^ "Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Technical Potential in the United States: A Detailed Assessment" (PDF). nrel.gov. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  39. ^ Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (2015-03-12). "Electric Power and Renewable Energy in Texas". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2016-04-25.

External links[edit]