Solar power in the Netherlands

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Solar power in the Netherlands has installed 665 megawatt (MW) of photovoltaics as of the end of 2013.[1] By August 2014, the total had reached 1 GW.[2] Subsidies of 33 euro cents per kWh introduced in 2008[3] had failed to attract much development, but when they were curtailed, Dutch banded together to make large purchases at discount instead.[4]

The largest solar installation in the Netherlands is the 2.2 MW array at the Floriade expo center built in 2002 in Haarlemmermeer.[5] In 2011, a 500-kilowatt solar array was added to the roof of Rotterdam’s central train station.[6] A 6 MW solar farm is planned to begin construction in 2015 on Ameland island.[7]

In 2012 solar capacity more than doubled to 321 MW with new added capacity of 175 MW.[8] According to the Dutch grid operators, solar capacity grew to a cumulative power of 655.4 MW at the end of 2013 [9]

In November 2014 SolaRoad, the world's first experimental solar cycle path, was opened in the village of Krommenie. The aim of the project is to test the practicality and cost efficiency of embedding solar panels into a cycle path. The idea is that the path, which is expected to generate 50 to 70 kWh/m² each year, can power anything from street lights or traffic lights to electric cars or houses. The developers of SolaRoad believe that up to 20% of the 140,000 km of road in Holland could be used to harvest solar energy.[10]


Deployment of photovoltaic systems in the Netherlands. Nameplate capacity in MWP.

Year MWp
2001 20.5
2002 26.3
2003 45.7
2004 49.2
2005 50.7
2006 52.2
2007 52.8
2008 57.2
2009 67.5
2010 88
2011 146
2012 321
2013 739
2014 1,048
2015 1,405
Growth of photovoltaics in the Netherlands since 2001 (capacity in megawatts).

In addition to photovoltaics, solar energy is used extensively for heating water, with 332,217 kWth installed by the end of 2011.[11]


See also[edit]