Solar tree

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A solar tree is a structure incorporating solar energy technology on a single pillar, like a tree trunk. It may be a solar artwork or a functional power generator.


Solar trees are intended to bring visibility to solar technology and to enhance the landscape and architecture they complement, usually in a commercial or public context. An objective of many solar tree installations is to promote awareness, understanding, and adoption of renewable energy. They are not typically used as a primary source of energy for a property—that role is accomplished by rooftop solar systems. Solar trees are complementary to rooftop solar systems, or other green building measures, symbolizing these larger investments and their environmental benefit.

Solar trees may build awareness and interest in solar technology and also provide shade and meeting places.


In botanical context phyllotaxy is the arrangement of leaves over a stem. Likewise the arrangement of solar panels in a solar tree has to ensure maximum efficiency in harnessing the solar energ ; one panel should not be covered by the shade of the upper panels. A simple design to ensure that is spiral phyllotaxy [1]


Unique sculptural creations for a single sites began to appear in 1998 (e.g., the 7 kW tree in Gleisdorf, Austria) or earlier. A number of variants of solar trees have been conceived, not all of them realized in installations. Locations have included roadways, public areas in cities, schools and universities, office buildings, science museums, and more. Recently, designers and manufacturers have introduced solar trees as products, designed to deliver the benefits of solar trees in a repeatable way to more places. Examples include Ross Lovegrove's solar tree which incorporated seating, lighting, and circular groupings of photovoltaic cells, Envision Solar's solar parking canopy specifically trademarked Solar Tree, and Spotlight Solar's line of architectural structures and most recently CSIR’s Solar Power Tree from India.

Examples of solar tree[edit]

Example 1: Original Solar Tree Artworks

A number of sculptural structures which incorporate solar photovoltaic cells have been erected. Gleisdorf, Austria hosts a tree with 7kW capacity and other solar sculptures, many less tree-ish. Tree-like solar structures have been commissioned for retail stores like Halfmoon Outfitters, and for towns like Cherokee, NC.
Ross Lovegrove Solar Tree on display.

Example 2: Ross Lovegrove's Solar Tree

Ross Lovegrove, a Welsh industrial designer known for his organic inspired designs, conceived an organic-looking solar structure with multiple curve stems and circular collections of photovoltaic cells. It was first manufactured by Artemide, a manufacturer of design differentiated products, based in Milan, Italy. In an effort to follow an environmentally conscious route, the company sought to incorporate solar power in their architectural designs.[2]
Artemide defines the Solar Tree as “The successful marriage of the most advanced technology and the aesthetic requirements of the urban environment by way of renewable energy.”[3]
Ross Lovegrove’s original design consisted of a sinuous tree constructed of steel pipes, measuring 5.5 meters, supporting a light bubble in which 38 solar cells, each with 38 watt capacity, connected to a hidden 12V battery system which lit an assortment of 1W LEDs at the tip. The solar cells for the project were commissioned by Sharp Solar.
How it works: The Solar Tree panels charge batteries during the day. At dusk the Solar Tree automatically switches on its LEDs. The internal control can also regulate the amount of light produced depending on how much charge is left in the batteries.[4] Artemide claims the Solar Tree will produce light for three consecutive overcast days.[5] The designer Ross Lovegrove claims, "Solar Tree represents the DNA of our time and it also shows it is possible to create beautiful things using the most advanced technology."[6] In 2007 Lovegrove was awarded the Vogue Traveller Ecology Prize for his work with the Solar Tree.

Example 3: Spotlight Solar structures

Spotlight Solar product "Lift" at net zero school in NC, Sandy Grove Middle School
In 2011, Spotlight Solar introduced a line of architectural products which customers refer to as solar trees. While sculptural, these are repeatable engineered products designed to place solar energy technology in high visibility locations in an attractive way. These structure have been used at green building sites such as the net-zero Sandy Grove Middle School,[7] the St. Louis Rams' headquarters,[8] NC State University, and the Orange County Convention Center to demonstrate environmental stewardship and to complement other sustainability measures.

Example 4: CSIR's Solar Power Tree

CSIR's Solar Power Tree
In 2016, CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur, India invented another model of Solar Tree for its application at villages, besides national highway and conventional power grid system to fulfill the electricity crisis by increasing the share of renewable energy in the country. The developed structure is capable of generating the electricity in tune of 3-7 Kwh with a bare footprint of 2x2 sqft area. These solar trees are already installed and functioning at developer’s campus, CSIR’s Headquarter and at the residential campus of Minister of Science & Technology of India[9] to demonstrate the success of the technology. Researchers at CSIR-CMERI are also working on bringing aesthetic models to suit the need of public parks, gardens, market places etc.

Example 5: Solar Power Tree Artifact

In 2017, the 2.5 KW solar power tree artifact was first used by Durgapur Municipal Corporation, West Bengal, India at its Srijani Auditorium. The solar power tree artifact was designed and developed by Indian researchers.[10] Apart from the aesthetics, the power generated from this tree is stored in built-in battery banks and used for off-peak usage to light the garden and lawns.

Example 6: eTree from Solar Tree Europ

eTree is a fully autonomous solar powered tree.

eTree is a solar powered intelligent tree. eTree uses the sun to produce electricity and provide services to the community.

eTree is an amazing branding platform for Corporate Social Responsibility.

e•Tree is used by brands and organizations that need to promote their image of corporate and social responsibility.

Installing an e•Tree in a public space is act by which a company places a very symbolic ac… and communicates strong values : environment friendliness, progress through technology, proximity and desire to give back to the public.

Further interpretations[edit]

The Strawberry Tree, invented by the Serbian company Strawberry Energy, is a variation of the Solar Tree in that it is specifically designed to recharge mobile devices. The company won the Sustainable Energy Week 2011” competition for its revolutionary contribution.[11]

There is a distinction to be made between organically inspired solar trees and structures which have been adapted to create energy efficient parking lots.[12] Companies such as General Electric[13] have installed solar panels in car parking lots to collect solar energy and protect vehicles from sun damage. These car sheltering solar devices differ from artistic Solar Trees in that they have no organic aesthetic. In contrast to the field of solar artwork, they would more appropriately be dubbed elevated solar panels.

The Solar Tree Foundation[edit]

Rein Triefeldt is a solar environmentalist artist that has also begun to construct solar trees. He is one of the founders and the current president of the Solar Tree Foundation which began in 2008.[14]

The Solar Tree Foundation designs programs for elementary school students to show them the creative process for constructing a Solar Tree in order to educate a broad audience on the environmental and technological material. It’s also designed with the intention of instilling an appreciation for artistic aesthetics interpreted through sculptures as a medium of expression. This is performed by online lectures and webcams in which the students can engage with the architects and see the construction process in real time.[15] Triefeldt believes that his Solar Trees will help preserve natural trees in the long run.

The latest solar tree constructed by the Solar Tree Foundation was erected for North Hillsborough Elementary School in Hillsborough California. At peak efficiency, the 10,000-pound (4,500 kg) Solar Tree is claimed to produce 20,000 watt-hours of energy per day.[16]


  1. ^ Beginners guide Introduction to solar tree.
  2. ^ Artemide. . N.p.. Web. 20 Feb 2013. Artemide Events Page.
  3. ^ Artemide. . N.p.. Web. 20 Feb 2013. Artemide Events Page.
  4. ^ Design Boom May 26, 2012 Article on LoveGrove and solar trees
  5. ^ Solar Tree. Artemide. N.p.. Web. 20 Feb 2013. Artemide Brochure Archived 2011-01-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Artemide . N.p.. Web. 20 Feb 2013. Artemide on LoveGrove.
  7. ^ PR Web, announcement of Sandy Grove Middle School project completion.
  8. ^ SolarWorld Article on the Rams' solar projects
  9. ^ • Dr. Harsh Vardhan launches the ‘Solar Power Tree’ – an Innovation aimed at utilizing minimum land to harness maximum Solar Energy [1]
  10. ^ CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur: Solar Artifact [2] Solar Power Tree Artifact
  11. ^ strawberry tree (The Solar Energy Device)
  12. ^ CleanTechnica Feb 21, 2013 Clean Technica
  13. ^ Clean Technica May 30, 2011 General Electric goes solar
  14. ^ Rein Triefeldt. Princeton Green. N.p.. Web. 20 Feb 2013. On Rein Triefeldt[permanent dead link].
  15. ^ Projects. Solar Tree Foundation. N.p.. Web. 20 Feb 2013. Solar Tree Foundation Projects.
  16. ^ "Press". Solar Tree Foundation. Archived from the original on December 9, 2013. Retrieved Feb 20, 2013.

External links[edit]