Solarized (color scheme)

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Solarized
A yin-yang symbol showcasing both the light and dark schemes
A yin-yang symbol showcasing both the light and dark schemes
Original author(s)Ethan Schoonover
Preview release
1.0.0beta2 / April 16, 2011; 8 years ago (2011-04-16)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inXML, Vim script, HTML, Perl
LicenseMIT License
Websiteethanschoonover.com/solarized/

Solarized is a color scheme for code editors and terminal emulators created by Ethan Schoonover. The scheme is available in a Light and a Dark mode. Packages that implement the color scheme have been published for many major applications, with some including the scheme pre-installed.[1][2]

History[edit]

Ethan Schoonover—a designer and software developer—began working on Solarized in 2010 after he installed a new code editor and could not find a color scheme he liked.[3] He found the default white-on-black schemes of most applications to be too high in contrast. Even for low-contrast schemes, some colors were more prominent than others. This was an issue for programming, as code editors use syntax highlighting, where color is used to indicate the different parts of the code.[4]

Initially, Schoonover attempted to modify the colors of another scheme called Zenburn, but was daunted by its implementation in Vim script and didn't agree with some of its design decisions.[5] Schoonover took six months in order to research and create Solarized, with the goal of applying "design rigor".[5] Schoonover published Solarized in April 2011 on GitHub.[4]

Schoonover has refused offers of donations to the project, preferring to not be beholden to others regarding changes, especially since aspects of programming environments such as color schemes can be contentious.[3] Schoonover has considered releasing a revised set of color schemes as "Solarized 2" in order to avoid legacy support issues based around the original Solarized.[5]

Design[edit]

Schoonover used Vim as his editor inside of a terminal, so he had to be conscious of its color limitations and decided to limit the scheme to 16 colors. He also worked on both a light and dark color scheme early on, with the goal of making them opposites of each other and cohesive. Due to Schoonover's prior experience with photography and color management, Solarized was designed in the CIELAB color space, with sRGB hex values being generated from canonical CIELAB values. Initially, Schoonover had a goal of creating a build system that would output themes for many different applications, but it proved difficult due to undocumented and complicated formats.[5]

Solarized reduces brightness contrast but, unlike many low contrast colorschemes, retains contrasting hues (based on colorwheel relations) for syntax highlighting readability.

– Ethan Schoonover[1]

Schoonover first worked on Ruby and Haskell syntax highlighting to make sure their overall "typographic color" looked consistent. Schoonover had trouble getting the shade of red correct.[5] The use of the colors yellow and blue were personal choices for Schoonover: yellow associated with "pleasant sounds, shapes, and pieces of music" due to minor synesthesia, and blue representing how he imagines drowning in the ocean to be like because of his thalassophobia. Schoonover expressed concern that ports might use an uneven mix of colors or too many colors.[3] The Light and Dark schemes have symmetric CIELAB lightness differences in their base colors, preserving perceived contrast. The 16-color palette was also designed to scale down to multiple five-color palettes for design work.[6]

Colors[edit]

Solarized 1.0.0beta2[a] Color Palette[8]
Name Swatch CIELAB D65 sRGB
L* a* b* Hex xterm
Base03 15 −12 −12 #002b36 234
Base02 20 −12 −12 #073642 235
Base01 45 −07 −07 #586e75 240
Base00 50 −07 −07 #657b83 241
Base0 60 −06 −03 #839496 244
Base1 65 −05 −02 #93a1a1 245
Base2 92 −00 10 #eee8d5 254
Base3 97 00 10 #fdf6e3 230
Yellow 60 10 65 #b58900 136
Orange 50 50 55 #cb4b16 166
Red 50 65 45 #dc322f 160
Magenta 50 65 −05 #d33682 125
Violet 50 15 −45 #6c71c4 61
Blue 55 −10 −45 #268bd2 33
Cyan 60 −35 −05 #2aa198 37
Green 60 −20 65 #859900 64

Reception[edit]

Upon release on GitHub, Solarized reached the top percentiles of projects for that week.[3] Joel Falconer of The Next Web recommended Solarized, writing: "I doubt there are many, if any, terminal color schemes that have received the amount of thought and attention that Schoonover's Solarized has."[1] Writing for Tidbits, Steven Aquino tested Solarized Light along with the Cousine font and reported that "as a visually impaired person, I find the combination to be extremely comfortable for my eyes...I'm experiencing considerably less eye strain than normal."[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The first release of Solarized—1.0.0beta1—had a Red with a L* value of 45 ().[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Falconer, Joel. "Solarized color schemes help you code longer". The Next Web. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b Centers, Josh; Aquino, Steven. "Make Text More Readable with Solarized and Cousine". Tidbits. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Smith IV, Jack. "Meet the Man Behind 'Solarized,' the Most Important Color Scheme in Computer History". Observer. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b Finley, Klint (March 22, 2019). "The Very Mathematical History of a Perfect Color Combination". Wired. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Episode #77: Solarized and Linux on the Desktop". The Changelog (Podcast). March 30, 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  6. ^ Schoonover, Ethan. "Solarized". Ethan Schoonover. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  7. ^ Schoonover, Ethan. "Solarized Changelog". GitHub. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ Schoonover, Ethan. "The Values". Solarized. Retrieved 18 December 2018.

External links[edit]