Solastalgia

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Solastalgia ( /sɒləˈstælə/)[1] is a neologism that describes a form of psychic or existential distress caused by environmental change, such as mining or climate change. Coined by philosopher Glenn Albrecht in 2003, it was formed from a combination of the Latin word sōlācium (comfort) and the Greek root -algia (pain). The first article published on this concept appeared in 2005.[2]

As opposed to nostalgia—the melancholia or distress experienced by individuals when separated from a loved home (or homesickness)—"solastalgia" is the distress that is produced by environmental change impacting on people while they are directly connected to their home environment. A paper published by Albrecht and collaborators focused on two contexts where collaborative research teams found solastalgia to be evident: the experiences of persistent drought in rural New South Wales (NSW) and the impact of large-scale open-cut coal mining on individuals in the Upper Hunter Valley of NSW. In both cases, people exposed to environmental change experienced negative affect that is exacerbated by a sense of powerlessness or lack of control over the unfolding change process.[3]

Subsequent studies have supported the existence of solastalgia, in Appalachian (US) communities affected by mountain-top removal coal mining practices,[4] as well as a community affected by wildfire destruction of homes and property.[5]

In 2015, the prestigious medical journal The Lancet included solastalgia as a contributing concept to the impact of Climate Change on Human Health and Wellbeing.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TEDxSydney - Glenn Albrecht - Environment Change, Distress & Human Emotion Solastalgia
  2. ^ G. Albrecht, Solastalgia, a new concept in human health and identity, Philosophy Activism Nature 3:41-44 (2005).
  3. ^ Albrecht, G., Sartore, G-M., Connor, L., Higginbotham, N., Freeman, S., Kelly, B., Stain, H., Tonna, A., & Pollard, G. (2007). "Solastalgia: the distress caused by environmental change". Australasian Psychiatry. 15 (1): S95–S98. doi:10.1080/10398560701701288. 
  4. ^ Hendryx, Michael; Innes-Wimsatt, Kestrel A. (2013-09-01). "Increased Risk of Depression for People Living in Coal Mining Areas of Central Appalachia". Ecopsychology. 5 (3): 179–187. ISSN 1942-9347. doi:10.1089/eco.2013.0029. 
  5. ^ Eisenman, David; McCaffrey, Sarah; Donatello, Ian; Marshal, Grant (2015-12-01). "An Ecosystems and Vulnerable Populations Perspective on Solastalgia and Psychological Distress After a Wildfire". EcoHealth. 12 (4): 602–610. ISSN 1612-9202. doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1052-1. 
  6. ^ Watts, Nick; Adger, W. Neil; Agnolucci, Paolo; Blackstock, Jason; Byass, Peter; Cai, Wenjia; Chaytor, Sarah; Colbourn, Tim; Collins, Mat (2015-11-07). "Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health". Lancet. 386 (10006): 1861–1914. ISSN 1474-547X. PMID 26111439. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60854-6. 

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