Soldiers' Pay

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First edition cover

Soldiers' Pay is the first novel published by the American author William Faulkner. It was originally published by Boni & Liveright on February 25, 1926.[1][2] It is unclear if Soldiers' Pay is the first novel written by Faulkner. It is however the first novel published by the author. Faulkner was working on two manuscripts while finishing Soldiers' Pay.[3]

Publication History[edit]

William Faulkner was a friend and member of American writer Sherwood Anderson's literary circle in 1920s New Orleans. As the story goes, it was Anderson who agreed to send the Soldiers' Pay manuscript to his publisher as long as Anderson himself did not have to read it.

In a 1950 letter from Faulkner's lifelong friend Phil Stone to Glenn O Carey, Stone acknowledges that it was Anderson who was instrumental in getting Soldiers' Pay published. "With all the efforts we made, I was not able to get Faulkner published and Sherwood Anderson was the one who got him started as far as publication goes."[4]

Horace Liveright agreed to pay Faulkner $200.00 for the manuscript, which was originally titled Mayday. Editor and chief at Boni & Liveright T.R. Smith is likely the source of the title change.[5] The first print run of Soldiers' Pay was 2,500 copies.[6]

By the standards of the day, Soldiers' Pay and his second novel Mosquitoes were commercial failures. Neither novel sold more than 1,200 copies after their initial releases.[7] Since he was awarded the 1949 Nobel Prize for Literature, Soldiers' Pay has remained in print.[8] First edition copies are valuable among collectors, often selling for upwards of $35,000.

The original manuscript of Mayday from which Soldiers' Pay was edited was dedicated in Faulkner's manuscript to a love interest named Helen Baird.[9]

Soldiers' Pay was once optioned to be made into a movie by Hollywood producer Jerry Wald.[10]

Plot overview[edit]

The plot of Soldiers' Pay revolves around the return of a wounded aviator home to a small town in Georgia following the conclusion of the First World War. He is escorted home by a veteran of the war, as well as a widow whose husband was killed during the conflict. The aviator himself suffered a horrendous head injury, and is left in a state of almost perpetual silence, as well as blindness. Several conflicts revolving around his return include the state of his engagement to his fiancée, the desire of the widow to break the engagement to marry the dying aviator, and the romantic intrigue surrounding the fiancée who had been less than faithful to the aviator in his absence.

Soldier's Pay is one of only a few of the author's novels not set in his fictional Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi.

See also[edit]

John D. Paggett's plot overview[11]

The Faulkner Journal

The Digital Yoknapatawpha Project

William Faulkner: The 1949 Nobel Laureate in Literature

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1984. Print. (Blotner, 169)
  2. ^ "WFotW ~ Soldiers' Pay: COMMENTARY." WFotW ~ Soldiers' Pay: COMMENTARY. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2016.
  3. ^ Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1984. Print. (Blotner, 169)
  4. ^ Faulkner, William, Louis Daniel. Brodsky, and Robert W. Hamblin. Faulkner, a Comprehensive Guide to the Brodsky Collection. Jackson: U of Mississippi, 1984. Print. (Brodsky, 50)
  5. ^ Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1984. Print. (Blotner, 169)
  6. ^ Faulkner, William, and William Faulkner. "Soldiers' Pay by William Faulkner on B & B Rare Books, Ltd." B & B Rare Books, Ltd. New York: Boni And Liveright,, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2016. This information (2,500 publishing run) is widely available in a number of Faulkner databases
  7. ^ Faulkner, William, Louis Daniel. Brodsky, and Robert W. Hamblin. Faulkner, a Comprehensive Guide to the Brodsky Collection. Jackson: U of Mississippi, 1984. Print. (Brodsky, 50)
  8. ^ "William Faulkner Winner of the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature." William Faulkner Winner of the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2016.
  9. ^ Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1984. Print. (Blotner, 169)
  10. ^ Faulkner, William, Louis Daniel. Brodsky, and Robert W. Hamblin. Faulkner, a Comprehensive Guide to the Brodsky Collection. Jackson: U of Mississippi, 1984. Print. (Brodsy, 179)
  11. ^ Padgett, John B. “Soldiers’ Pay: Commentary.” William Faulkner on the Web. 16 Nov. 2016. 16 Nov. 2016 <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/n-sp.html>.