Sole custody

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Sole custody arrangements have been generally considered a traditional form of custody for many in the past; however, there has been a trend since the 1980s towards the notion that joint custody arrangements are more favorable than sole custody arrangements.[1][2][3] Sole custody consists of an arrangement whereby only one parent has physical and legal custody of a child.[3][4]

Other forms of custody[edit]

  • Alternating custody is an arrangement whereby the child/children live for an extended period of time with one parent, and then for a similar amount of time with the other parent. While the child/children are with the parent, that parent retains sole authority over the child/children.
  • Bird's nest custody is an arrangement whereby the parents go back and forth from a residence in which the child/children reside, placing the burden of upheaval and movement on the parents rather than the child/children.
  • Joint custody is an arrangement whereby both parents have legal custody and/or both parents have physical custody.
  • Split custody is an arrangement whereby one parent has full-time custody over some children, and the other parent has full custody over the other children.
  • Third-party custody is an arrangement in whereby the children do not remain with either biological parent, and are placed under the custody of a third person.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Judith S. Wallerstein; Joan B. Kelly (22 August 1996). Surviving the Breakup: How Children and Parents Cope with Divorce. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-08345-9. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Patrick Parkinson (21 February 2011). Family Law and the Indissolubility of Parenthood. Cambridge University Press. pp. 45–49. ISBN 978-0-521-11610-7. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Elissa P. Benedek; Catherine F. Brown (1998). How to Help Your Child Overcome Your Divorce. Newmarket Press. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-1-55704-461-7. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Webster Watnik (April 2003). Child Custody Made Simple: Understanding the Laws of Child Custody and Child Support. Single Parent Press. pp. 16–38. ISBN 978-0-9649404-3-7. Retrieved 25 September 2011.