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View of the Soleb temple
Soleb is located in Sudan
Shown within Sudan
Site notes
ConditionIn ruins
Architrave with the cartouche of Amenhotep III in the Soleb temple

Soleb is an ancient town in Nubia, today's Sudan. The site is located north of the third cataract of the Nile, on the western side of the Nile. It was discovered and described by Karl Richard Lepsius in 1844.


Soleb is also the location of a vast necropolis with small tomb chapels decorated with pyramids. The earliest royal tombs date to the 18th dynasty, whereas some belong to the Ramesside and Meroitic periods.

Amarna Period[edit]

During the Amarna Period (Mid 18th Dynasty), several pharaohs attended to Soleb, such as Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, and Ay.

Amenhotep III[edit]

A large temple made of sandstone was founded here by Amenhotep III. It is the southern-most temple currently known to have been built by this pharaoh. The temple was consecrated to the deity Amun Re and to the pharaoh depicted deified with ram-horns. The architect may have been Amenhotep, son of Hapu.

At Sedeinga, a companion temple was built by Amenhotep III to Queen Tiye as a manifestation of the Eye of Ra.

The so-called Prudhoe Lions originally stood as guardian figures at this temple inscribed with the name of Amenhotep III. They depict a lioness, as symbols of Sekhmet, a major deity who protected the pharaohs.[1]


Prisoners from the hypostyle hall of the Soleb temple

During the reign of Akhenaten, he initially is shown worshiping his father and Amen at the temple. But later, he re-dedicates the temple to Aten.[citation needed]


During the reign of Tutankhamen, the religious reforms of his father (Akhenaten) were reversed and re-dedicated the temple to Amen-Ra. He finished the second granite lion and inscribed his name on the Prudhoe Lions. [2] [3]


During the reign of Ay, he also inscribed his name on the Prudhoe Lions.[citation needed]



  1. ^ Soleb & Sedeinga Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  2. ^ H. W. Fairman, "Tutankhamun and the end of the 18th Dynasty" Antiquity 1972
  3. ^ "BBC - History - Historic Figures: Tutankhamun (1336 BC - 1327 BC)". Retrieved 2017-11-20.

Further readinge[edit]

Coordinates: 20°26′0″N 30°20′0″E / 20.43333°N 30.33333°E / 20.43333; 30.33333