|Soleb in hieroglyphs|
|One of the Prudhoe Lions erected by Amenophis III at Soleb (British Museum)|
Soleb is an ancient town in Nubia, today's Sudan. The site is located north of the third cataract of the Nile, on the western side of the Nile. It was discovered and described by Karl Richard Lepsius in 1844.
Soleb is also the location of a vast necropolis with small tomb chapels decorated with pyramids. The earliest royal tombs date to the 18th dynasty, whereas some belong to the Ramesside and Meroitic periods.
A large temple made of sandstone was founded here by Amenhotep III. It is the southern-most temple currently known to have been built by this pharaoh. The temple was consecrated to the deity Amun Re and to the pharaoh depicted deified with ram-horns. The architect may have been Amenhotep, son of Hapu.
The so-called Prudhoe Lions originally stood as guardian figures at this temple inscribed with the name of Amenhotep III. They depict a lioness, as symbols of Sekhmet, a major deity who protected the pharaohs.
During the reign of Akhenaten, he initially is shown worshiping his father and Amen at the temple. But later, he re-dedicates the temple to Aten.
During the reign of Tutankhamen, the religious reforms of his father (Akhenaten) were reversed and re-dedicated the temple to Amen-Ra. He also inscribed his name on the Prudhoe Lions.
During the reign of Ay, he also inscribed his name on the Prudhoe Lions.
Plan of the site by Lepsius
- David O'Connor, Eric H. Cline (Editor): Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign, University of Michigan Press, October 2001, Paperback. ISBN 978-0-472-08833-1
- Joann Fletcher: Chronicle of a Pharaoh: The Intimate Life of Amenhotep III, Oxford University Press, USA, November 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-521660-8
- The Art and Archaeology of Ancient Nubia by Peter Lacovara
- H. W. Fairman, "Tutankhamun and the end of the 18th Dynasty" Antiquity 1972