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Flag of Soledar
Coat of arms of Soledar
Coat of arms
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Donetsk Oblast
Raion Artemivsk Municipality
Population (2013)
 • Total 11,708

Soledar (Ukrainian: Соледар) is a city in Artemivsk municipality, Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Population: 11,708 (2013 est.)[1]. In 2001, the population was 13,151. The name of the town stands for 'gift of salt' both in Russian and Ukrainian. In Soviet times, until 1991, the city was known as Karlo-Libknekhtivsk (Ukrainian: Карло-Лібкнехтівськ), named after Karl Liebknecht. The main enterprises of the city are related to mining and processing industries: State Enterprise Association Artyomsol is mining and processing rock salt and Knauf Gips Donbass (a subsidiary of a German gypsum producer KNAUF). The first settlement in the area of the town appeared not later than in 1881, with the start of commercial salt production.

The town has a major tourist attraction: the underground galleries and chambers of salt mines, which are also used extensively for speleo (cave) treatment of asthma and other lung diseases.

Starting Mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast;[2][3] including Soledar.[4] On 21 July 2014, Ukrainian forces reportedly secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists.[5] On 2 August 2014 the identification team and OSCE observers dealing with the MH17 crash set up base in Soledar, because from there it was easier to get to the crash site.[6][7][8]


Native language as of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[9]



  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
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Coordinates: 48°41′N 38°06′E / 48.683°N 38.100°E / 48.683; 38.100