Soledar

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Soledar
Flag of Soledar
Flag
Coat of arms of Soledar
Coat of arms
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Donetsk Oblast
Raion Artemivsk Municipality
Population (2013)
 • Total 11,708


Soledar (Ukrainian: Соледар) is a city in Artemivsk municipality, Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Population: 11,708 (2013 est.)[1]. In 2001, the population was 13,151. The name of the town stands for 'gift of salt' both in Russian and Ukrainian. In Soviet times, until 1991, the city was known as Karlo-Libknekhtivsk (Ukrainian: Карло-Лібкнехтівськ), named after Karl Liebknecht. The main enterprises of the city are related to mining and processing industries: State Enterprise Association Artyomsol is mining and processing rock salt and Knauf Gips Donbass (a subsidiary of a German gypsum producer KNAUF). The first settlement in the area of the town appeared not later than in 1881, with the start of commercial salt production.

The town has a major tourist attraction: the underground galleries and chambers of salt mines, which are also used extensively for speleo (cave) treatment of asthma and other lung diseases.

Starting Mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast;[2][3] including Soledar.[4] On 21 July 2014, Ukrainian forces reportedly secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists.[5] On 2 August 2014 the identification team and OSCE observers dealing with the MH17 crash set up base in Soledar, because from there it was easier to get to the crash site.[6][7][8]

Demographics[edit]

Native language as of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.newrepublic.com/article/117387/putin-accidentally-helping-unite-eastern-and-western-ukraine
  3. ^ http://en.itar-tass.com/world/735082
  4. ^ http://en.apa.az/xeber_ukrainian_troops_take_control_of_three_s_214217.html
  5. ^ http://en.apa.az/xeber_ukrainian_troops_take_control_of_three_s_214217.html
  6. ^ http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2014/08/02/recovery-remains-biggest-day-osce
  7. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/news/asia/south-east-asia/story/malaysia-airlines-mh17-crash-more-remains-recovered-site-says-nether
  8. ^ http://www.firstpost.com/world/mh17-crash-mission-unarmed-now-dutch-pm-1646175.html
  9. ^ [1]

Coordinates: 48°41′N 38°06′E / 48.683°N 38.100°E / 48.683; 38.100