Solheim Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Solheim Cup
Tournament information
Location2019: Perthshire, Scotland
Course(s)2019: Gleneagles' PGA Centenary Course
Tour(s)Ladies European Tour
FormatMatch play
Prize fundNone
Month playedAugust or September
Current champion
Europe Europe
2019 Solheim Cup

The Solheim Cup is a biennial golf tournament for professional women golfers contested by teams representing Europe and the United States. It is named after the Norwegian-American golf club manufacturer Karsten Solheim, who was a driving force behind its creation.

The inaugural Cup was held in 1990, and the event was staged in even number years until 2002, alternating years with the Ryder Cup (the equivalent men's event). As part of the general reshuffling of team golf events after the one-year postponement of the 2001 Ryder Cup following the September 11 attacks, the Solheim Cup switched to odd numbered years beginning in 2003.

The United States teams have won the cup the most times, with 10 wins compared with Europe's 6. The current holders are Europe, who won at the Gleneagles Hotel in Perthshire, Scotland in 2019. The next contest will be at the Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio in 2021.


The cup is played over three days. Since 2002, there have been 28 matches—eight foursomes and eight four-balls played on days 1 and 2, and 12 singles on the final day. This format is also used in the Ryder Cup. Before 1996, and also in 2000, the Solheim Cup used a similar, but abbreviated format.

Year Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Total
Morning Afternoon Morning Afternoon
1990 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 8 singles 16
1992 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 10 singles 18
1994 5 foursomes 5 fourballs 10 singles 20
1996–1998 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 12 singles 28
2000 4 foursomes 4 foursomes 6 fourballs 12 singles 26
4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 12 singles 28
or or
4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes

There were 8 players in each team in 1990, 10 in 1992 and 1994 and 12 in the contests since then.

Team qualification and selection[edit]

The U.S. team[1] is selected by a points system, with American players on the LPGA Tour receiving points for each top-twenty finish on tour.[2] Through the 2013 event, U.S. citizens born outside the country were ineligible for consideration; beginning in 2015, eligibility for Team USA was expanded to include many more categories of (female) U.S. citizens.[3] For the European team,[4] up to 2005, seven players were selected on a points system based on results on the Ladies European Tour (LET). This allowed top European players who competed mainly on the LPGA Tour to be selected to ensure that the European team was competitive. Since 2007, only the top five players from the LET qualify and another four are selected on the basis of the Women's World Golf Rankings. This reflects the increasing dominance of the LPGA Tour, where almost all top European players spend most of their time.[5] In addition, each team has a number of "captain's picks", players chosen at the discretion of the team captains, regardless of their point standings, though in practice the captain's picks are often the next ranking players.


Team captains are typically recently retired professional golfers with Solheim Cup playing experience, chosen for their experience playing on previous Cup teams and for their ability to lead a team.


Year Venue Winning team Score USA captain Europe captain
2019 Gleneagles, Scotland Europe Europe 14½–13½ Juli Inkster Scotland Catriona Matthew
2017 Des Moines Golf and Country Club, Iowa, USA United States United States 16½–11½ Juli Inkster Sweden Annika Sörenstam
2015 Golf Club St. Leon-Rot, Germany United States United States 14½–13½ Juli Inkster Sweden Carin Koch
2013 Colorado Golf Club, Colorado, USA Europe Europe 18–10 Meg Mallon Sweden Liselotte Neumann
2011 Killeen Castle Golf Resort, Ireland Europe Europe 15–13 Rosie Jones England Alison Nicholas
2009 Rich Harvest Farms, Illinois, USA United States United States 16–12 Beth Daniel England Alison Nicholas
2007 Halmstad GK, Sweden United States United States 16–12 Betsy King Sweden Helen Alfredsson
2005 Crooked Stick Golf Club, Indiana, USA United States United States 15½–12½ Nancy Lopez Sweden Catrin Nilsmark
2003 Barsebäck Golf & Country Club, Sweden Europe Europe 17½–10½ Patty Sheehan Sweden Catrin Nilsmark
2002 Interlachen Country Club, Minnesota, USA United States United States 15½–12½ Patty Sheehan Scotland Dale Reid
2000 Loch Lomond Golf Club, Scotland Europe Europe 14½–11½ Pat Bradley Scotland Dale Reid
1998 Muirfield Village, Ohio, USA United States United States 16–12 Judy Rankin Sweden Pia Nilsson
1996 St Pierre Golf & Country Club, Wales United States United States 17–11 Judy Rankin England Mickey Walker
1994 The Greenbrier, West Virginia, USA United States United States 13–7 JoAnne Carner England Mickey Walker
1992 Dalmahoy Country Club, Scotland Europe Europe 11½–6½ Kathy Whitworth England Mickey Walker
1990 Lake Nona Golf & Country Club, Florida, USA United States United States 11½–4½ Kathy Whitworth England Mickey Walker

In the sixteen competitions through 2019, the United States leads the series 10 to 6.

Future venues[edit]

Inverness Club located in Toledo, Ohio will host the Cup in 2021; it has previously hosted four U.S. Opens, two PGA Championships, and two U.S. Senior Opens.[6]



See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Solheim Cup USA". Solheim Cup USA. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Points distribution for 2009 U.S. Solheim Cup Team qualifying" (PDF). LPGA Tour. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  3. ^ More specifically, the following groups of women became eligible: "Solheim eligibility criteria changing for U.S. team". Golf Channel. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  4. ^ SolheimCup2019. "Solheim Cup Europe". Solheim Cup Europe. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Solheim selection process changes". BBC Sport. 2006-04-18. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  6. ^ "Inverness Club Wins Coveted Bid for 2021 Solheim Cup". LPGA. 2016-11-09. Retrieved 2016-11-09.
  7. ^ The Solheim Cup All-Time Records Archived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Solheim Cup Records
  9. ^ The Solheim Cup - Match history & records

External links[edit]