Solicitor General for England and Wales

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Her Majesty's Solicitor General for England and Wales of HM Government
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Michael Ellis MP crop 2.jpg
Incumbent
Michael Ellis QC MP

since 26 July 2019
Attorney General's Office
StyleSolicitor
Reports toAttorney General for England and Wales
AppointerThe Monarch
on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's Pleasure
Formation Before 1460
Salary135,229 as of April 2010 [1]
Websitewww.attorneygeneral.gov.uk

Her Majesty's Solicitor General for England and Wales, known informally as the Solicitor General, is one of the law officers of the Crown in the government of the United Kingdom. They are the deputy of the Attorney General, whose duty is to advise the Crown and Cabinet on the law. They can exercise the powers of the Attorney General in the Attorney General's absence. Despite the title, the position is usually held by a barrister as opposed to a solicitor.

There is also a Solicitor General for Scotland, who is the deputy of the Lord Advocate.[2] As well as the Sovereign's Solicitor General, the Prince of Wales and a Queen consort (when the Sovereign is male) are also entitled to have an Attorney and Solicitor General, though the present Prince of Wales has only an Attorney General and no Solicitor General.

The Solicitor General is addressed in court as "Mr Solicitor" or "Ms Solicitor". Michael Ellis was appointed as Solicitor General for the Johnson ministry on 26 July 2019, replacing Lucy Frazer, who had held the post since 9 May 2019.[3]

Solicitors-General of England (and Wales), 1461–present[edit]

15th century[edit]

incomplete

16th century[edit]

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Sir Edward Carson Sir Edward Carson, bw photo portrait seated.jpg 7 May 1900 4 December 1905 Irish Unionist Alliance 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Sir William Robson 1895 William Robson.jpg 12 December 1905 28 January 1908 Liberal Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Sir Samuel Evans Samuel Thomas Evans.jpg 28 January 1908 6 March 1910 Liberal
Liberal H. H. Asquith
Sir Rufus Isaacs Rufus Isaacs.jpg 6 March 1908 7 October 1910 Liberal
Sir John Simon Viscount Simon.jpg 7 October 1910 19 October 1913 Liberal
Sir Stanley Buckmaster Stanley Buckmaster, 1st Viscount Buckmaster circa 1910.jpg 19 October 1913 8 November 1915 Liberal
Sir F. E. Smith 1stEarlOfBirkenhead.jpg 2 June 1915 8 November 1915 Conservative
Sir George Cave Portrait of George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave.jpg 8 November 1915 10 December 1915 Conservative
Sir Gordon Hewart Gordon Hewart, 1st Viscount Hewart.jpg 10 December 1915 10 January 1919 Liberal David Lloyd George
Sir Ernest Pollock 1stViscountHanworth - cropped.jpg 10 January 1919 6 March 1922 Conservative
Sir Leslie Scott 6 March 1922 19 October 1922 Conservative
Sir Thomas Inskip Viscount Caldecote LC.jpg 31 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative Bonar Law
Conservative Stanley Baldwin
Sir Henry Slesser Henry H. Slesser.jpg 23 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Thomas Inskip Viscount Caldecote LC.jpg 11 November 1924 28 March 1928 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
Sir Boyd Merriman 28 March 1928 5 June 1929 Conservative
Sir James B. Melville 7 June 1929 22 October 1930 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Stafford Cripps Stafford Cripps 1947.jpg 22 October 1930 24 August 1931
Sir Thomas Inskip Viscount Caldecote LC.jpg 3 September 1931 26 January 1932 Conservative
Sir Boyd Merriman, 1st Baron Merriman 26 January 1932 29 September 1933 Conservative
Sir Donald Somervell 29 September 1933 19 March 1936 Conservative
Conservative Stanley Baldwin
Sir Terence O'Connor 19 March 1936 7 May 1940 Conservative
Conservative Neville Chamberlain
Sir William Jowitt William Jowitt.png 15 May 1940 25 May 1945 Labour Sir Winston Churchill
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe David Maxwell Fyfe, Nuremberg, 1946 (Art. IWM ART LD 5863).jpg 4 March 1942 25 May 1945 Conservative
Sir Walter Monckton 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative
Sir Frank Soskice 4 August 1945 24 April 1951 Labour Clement Attlee
Sir Lynn Ungoed-Thomas 24 April 1951 26 October 1951 Labour
Sir Reginald Manningham-Buller 3 November 1951 8 October 1954 Conservative Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Harry Hylton-Foster 18 October 1954 22 October 1959 Conservative
Sir Winston Churchill

Sir Anthony Eden

Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan
Sir Jocelyn Simon 22 October 1959 8 February 1962 Conservative
SirJohn Hobson 8 February 1962 19 July 1962 Conservative

2001–present[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Conservative   Labour

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Harriet Harman[4] Official portrait of Ms Harriet Harman crop 2.jpg 11 June 2001 10 May 2005 Labour Tony Blair
Mike O'Brien[5] Mike O'Brien 2.jpg 11 May 2005 29 June 2007
Dame Vera Baird[6] Dame Vera Baird.jpg 29 June 2007 11 May 2010 Gordon Brown
Sir Edward Garnier[7] Edward Garnier, Solicitor General.jpg 13 May 2010 4 September 2012 Conservative David Cameron
Sir Oliver Heald[8] Official portrait of Sir Oliver Heald crop 2.jpg 4 September 2012 15 July 2014
Robert Buckland[9] Official portrait of Robert Buckland crop 2.jpg 15 July 2014 9 May 2019
Theresa May
Lucy Frazer[10] Official portrait of Lucy Frazer.jpg 9 May 2019 25 July 2019
Michael Ellis Official portrait of Rt Hon Michael Ellis MP crop 2.jpg 25 July 2019 Incumbent Boris Johnson

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Information Office, House of Commons Information Office (September 2010). "Factsheet M6 Members Series - Ministerial Salaries" (PDF). House of Commons. House of Commons. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Solicitor General - gov.scot". www.gov.scot. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Esther McVey announces Conservative leadership bid". 9 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Rt Hon Harriet Harman QC MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Rt Hon Mike O'Brien". UK Parliament. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  6. ^ "PCC appointed as victims' commissioner". 13 May 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Sir Edward Garnier QC - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  8. ^ "About Sir Oliver". Rt Hon Sir Oliver Heald QC MP. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  9. ^ Bet, Martina (14 June 2019). "How John Bercow's 'Brexit betrayal is absurd contradiction of democracy' – David Starkey". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  10. ^ "New Solicitor General appointed". GOV.UK. Retrieved 11 July 2019.