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Solid-state lighting (SSL) refers to a type of lighting that uses semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLED), or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) as sources of illumination rather than electrical filaments, plasma (used in arc lamps such as fluorescent lamps), or gas.
The term "solid state" refers commonly to light emitted by solid-state electroluminescence, as opposed to incandescent bulbs (which use thermal radiation) or fluorescent tubes. Compared to incandescent lighting, SSL creates visible light with reduced heat generation and less energy dissipation. Most common "white" LEDs convert blue light from a solid-state device to an (approximate) white light spectrum using photoluminescence, the same principle used in conventional fluorescent tubes.
The typically small mass of a solid-state electronic lighting device provides for greater resistance to shock and vibration compared to brittle glass tubes/bulbs and long, thin filament wires. They also eliminate filament evaporation, potentially increasing the life span of the illumination device.
Solid-state lighting is often used in traffic lights and is also used frequently in modern vehicle lights, street and parking lot lights, train marker lights, building exteriors, remote controls etc. Controlling the light emission of LEDs may be done most effectively by using the principles of nonimaging optics.
Industry-wide effects of solid-state lighting
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Solid-state lighting has introduced a strong foothold across most of the lighting industries, and the advancements of those industries allows for the growth and technological advancement of solid-state lighting overall. One specific area where solid-state lighting has advanced rapidly is the entertainment lighting industry, where standard incandescent tungsten-halogen lamps are being replaced by solid-state light lighting fixtures. Solid state lighting fixtures for the entertainment lighting industry have increased industry awareness about power consumption, power and data distribution, generated heat and its effect on a venue, among other issues. Companies in entertainment lighting have adapted to meet customer demand for solid-state products; these companies have quickly adapted their product lines to offer a conglomerated mix of solid-state, incandescent, and discharge products accordingly.
- LED lamp
- List of light sources
- Stage lighting
- Light-emitting diode
- L Prize
- Nonimaging optics
- Smart lighting
- California Sustainability Alliance Solid State Lighting, Received July 24th, 2010
- Chaves, Julio (2015). Introduction to Nonimaging Optics, Second Edition. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1482206739.
- Kho, Mu-Jeong, Javed, T., Mark, R., Maier, E., and David, C. (2008) 'Final Report: OLED Solid State Lighting: Kodak European Research' MOTI (Management of Technology and Innovation) Project, Judge Business School of the University of Cambridge and Kodak European Research, Final Report presented on 4 March 2008 at Kodak European Research at Cambridge Science Park, Cambridge, UK., pages 1-12
- Assessment of Advanced Solid State Lighting. National Academies Press. 2013.
- Kho, Mu-Jeong, Javed, T., Mark, R., Maier, E., and David, C. (2008) 'Final Report: OLED Solid State Lighting: Kodak European Research' MOTI (Management of Technology and Innovation) Project, Judge Business School of the University of Cambridge and Kodak European Research, Final Report presented on 4 March 2008 at Kodak European Research at Cambridge Science Park, Cambridge, UK., pages 1–12.
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- EUROPEAN METROLOGY RESEARCH PROJECT - METROLOGY FOR SOLID STATE LIGHTING
- Solid State Lighting, International Energy Agency research project
- DOE SSL roadmap
- Lighting Research Center - Solid-State Lighting Program
- OLLA: finished European academic-industrial research project into OLED lighting
- OLED100.EU: successor to the OLLA project