Solid-state lighting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Solid-state lighting (SSL) refers to a type of lighting that uses semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLED), or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) as sources of illumination rather than electrical filaments, plasma (used in arc lamps such as fluorescent lamps), or gas.

The term "solid state" refers commonly to light emitted by solid-state electroluminescence, as opposed to incandescent bulbs (which use thermal radiation) or fluorescent tubes. Compared to incandescent lighting, SSL creates visible light with reduced heat generation and less energy dissipation. Most common "white" LEDs convert blue light from a solid-state device to an (approximate) white light spectrum using photoluminescence, the same principle used in conventional fluorescent tubes.

The typically small mass of a solid-state electronic lighting device provides for greater resistance to shock and vibration compared to brittle glass tubes/bulbs and long, thin filament wires. They also eliminate filament evaporation, potentially increasing the life span of the illumination device.

Solid-state lighting is often used in traffic lights and is also used frequently in modern vehicle lights, street and parking lot lights, train marker lights, building exteriors, remote controls etc.[1]

Industry-wide effects of solid-state lighting[edit]

Solid-state lighting has introduced a strong foothold across most of the lighting industries, and the advancements of those industries allows for the growth and technological advancement of solid-state lighting overall. One specific area where solid-state lighting has advanced rapidly is the entertainment lighting industry, where standard incandescent tungsten-halogen lamps are being replaced by solid-state light lighting fixtures. Solid state lighting fixtures for the entertainment lighting industry have increased industry awareness about power consumption, power and data distribution, generated heat and its effect on a venue, among other issues. Companies in entertainment lighting have adapted to meet customer demand for solid-state products; these companies have quickly adapted their product lines to offer a conglomerated mix of solid-state, incandescent, and discharge products accordingly.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]