Solidago rugosa

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Solidago rugosa
Solidago rugosa03.jpg
1913 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Solidago
Species: S. rugosa
Binomial name
Solidago rugosa
Mill. 1768
  • Aster archerianus Kuntze
  • Aster rugosus (Mill.) Kuntze
  • Solidago aestivalis E. P. Bicknell, syn of var. sphagnophila
  • Solidago aspera Aiton, syn of var. aspera
  • Solidago celtidifolia Small, syn of var. celtidifolia

Solidago rugosa, the wrinkleleaf goldenrod[3] or rough-stemmed goldenrod,[4] is a North American species of flowering plants in the sunflower family. It is widespread across eastern and central Canada (from Newfoundland to Ontario) and the eastern and central United States (Maine west as far as Wisconsin and Iowa, south to Florida and Texas).[5]

Solidago rugosa is a rough-leaved perennial herb up to 200 cm (79 in), over 6 feet) tall, spreading by means of underground rhizomes. One plant can produce as many as 50 stems, each with 50–1500 yellow flower heads.[6]

  • Solidago rugosa var. aspera (Aiton) Fernald - open spots from Ontario to Florida
  • Solidago rugosa var. celtidifolia (Small) Fernald - coastal plain from Texas to Virginia
  • Solidago rugosa var. cronquistiana Semple - high elevations in Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina
  • Solidago rugosa var. rugosa
  • Solidago rugosa var. sphagnophila C. Graves - cedar swamps from Nova Scotia to Virginia


  1. ^ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3: 390.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Solidago rugosa Mill.
  3. ^ "Solidago rugosa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map
  6. ^ a b Flora of North America, Solidago rugosa Miller, 1768. Rough-stemmed or wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, verge d’or rugueuse

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