Welcome sign over Highway 307
Location of Solidaridad in Quintana Roo
|Established||28 July 1993|
|Municipal seat||Playa del Carmen|
|• Municipal President||José Mauricio Góngora Escalante|
|• Municipality||2,278 km2 (880 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||70/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Southeast (US Eastern))|
The municipality has some small but rich continental sites including the ecotourism park of Xcaret. Prior to the creation of the Municipality of Tulum, the municipality was situated between latitudes 20° 45' and 19° 46' north and longitudes 86° 57' and 88° 05' west, and had an area of 4,245.67 square kilometres (1,639.26 sq mi). Today, it borders the municipalities of Benito Juárez and Lázaro Cárdenas to the north and Tulum to the south; and is separated in most places from its neighboring municipality to the east (Cozumel) by a stretch of the Caribbean Sea known as the Cozumel Channel.
The ecotourism park of Xel-Ha and the Calica limestone quarry are not part of Solidaridad as they belong to the neighboring municipality of Cozumel. These are the only two mainland locations for the municipality of Cozumel with sizes of 90 hectares (220 acres) and 11.9 hectares (29 acres) respectively. All of the limestone from Calica is exported to the US, and the quarry has its own docks and also serves visiting cruise ships.
Orography and hydrography
Like most of the Yucatan Peninsula, Solidaridad is almost entirely flat with a gentle slope towards the sea, so from west to east, most of the area never reaches an altitude above 25 metres (82 ft) above sea level.
Like the rest of the peninsula's surface the land has a limestone base that does not allow the formation of surface water flows such as rivers and streams, the water instead form flows in underground rivers that sometimes rise to the surface in the cenotes. Lakes and cenotes are the major water bodies of the municipality.
The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Playa del Carmen||149,923|
|Felipe Carrillo Puerto||176|
|Hidalgo y Cortez||128|
Solidaridad is one of the youngest municipalities in the country: it was formed on July 28, 1993, by decree of the State Congress during the administration of Mario Villanueva Madrid. At this time the municipality of Cozumel was split into two, with the mainland section constituting the new municipality of Solidaridad.
|Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía|
The municipality has a population of 159,310 according to the results of the Population and Housing Census of 2010 conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía), of these, 83,468 are men and 75,842 are women. By this time, Tulum Municipality was already separated from Solidaridad.
Currently most of its population are immigrants, mainly from the southeastern states of Mexico; but also, according to the National Institute of Migration, Mexico (Instituto Nacional de Migración de México), the municipality has 12 percent of its population of foreign origin.
- "Discuten por nuevo municipio". Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2009-11-05.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived May 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Tulum se convierte en el noveno municipio de Quintana Roo". Retrieved 2008-03-13.[dead link]
- INEGI. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Censo de Población y Vivienda 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010. Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.
- Official Municipo Solidaridad website—(in Spanish)
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Solidaridad, Quintana Roo.