Solidarity–People Before Profit

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Solidarity–People Before Profit

Dlúthphartíocht–Pobal Roimh Bhrabús[1]
AbbreviationS–PBP
LeaderCollective Leadership
Founded2015 (2015)
IdeologyDemocratic socialism
Political radicalism
Anti-capitalism
Eco-socialism
Trotskyism[2]
Soft Euroscepticism
Feminism
Socialism[2]
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
European affiliationEuropean Anti-Capitalist Left
MembersSolidarity
People Before Profit
Dáil Éireann
6 / 158
[3]
Seanad Éireann
0 / 60
Local Government
11 / 949
[3]
European Parliament
0 / 13
Website
solidarity.ie
pbp.ie

Solidarity–People Before Profit (Irish: Dlúthphartíocht–Pobal Roimh Bhrabús) is an electoral alliance in Ireland. It was formed by members of two left-wing socialist political parties: Solidarity and People Before Profit (PBP).[4] Solidarity was known as the "Anti-Austerity Alliance" (AAA) until 2017.[5] The alliance was formed in 2015 and replaced AAA and PBP in Ireland's official register of political parties.[6] However, each entity retains its separate organisation and identity. PBP also retains its own registration in Northern Ireland. The alliance was created with the intent to obtain more speaking rights for its constituent members in Dáil Éireann after the 2016 Irish general election.[7]

People Before Profit and the Socialist Party are both all-Ireland organisations, but they do not form part of a single electoral alliance in Northern Ireland elections. People Before Profit contests election under its own name, and the Socialist Party is part of the Cross-Community Labour Alternative (CCLA).

Background[edit]

Under the standing orders in Dáil Éireann, a parliamentary group must have five TDs or more in order to have full speaking rights. In addition, political parties which get 2% or more of the national vote receive extra funding from the state for political activities. Combining the seats and votes of the two parties would increase the chance of reaching these thresholds.

The electoral alliance sought to provide a greater socialist voice in parliament, and a political platform committed to abolishing water charges, Universal Social Charge for low-middle income earners, and other austerity measures implemented in Ireland. The alliance claims to represent the 57% of people who boycotted the payment of water charges, and claims to provide a genuine working class voice in parliament.[8] The alliance has been described as a "remarkable abeyance of decades-old sectarian conflict between the Socialist Workers Party underlying PBP and the Socialist Party underlying AAA."[9] Solidarity and People Before Profit announced its intention to organise separately and to remain free to maintain different political positions on various issues, but intend to cooperate electorally while maintaining their own identities and structures.

AAA de-registered as a party, while PBP changed its registered name to AAA–PBP and added AAA members to the renamed party's list of nominated representatives.[10] This technical distinction caused a legal question regarding the co-option of a member of Cork City Council to replace AAA member Mick Barry after Barry's election to the Dáil in the 2016 election.[10] It was argued that, since the party for whom Barry was elected in 2014 was no longer registered, the party he represented when vacating his council seat in 2016 did not have the right to nominate a replacement.[10]

A columnist for The Irish Times claims that it is difficult to tell the difference between People Before Profit and the AAA.[11]

Representatives[edit]

TDs[edit]

Name Constituency Party
Mick Barry Cork North-Central Solidarity
Richard Boyd Barrett Dún Laoghaire People Before Profit
Ruth Coppinger Dublin West Solidarity
Gino Kenny Dublin Mid-West People Before Profit
Paul Murphy Dublin South-West Solidarity
Bríd Smith Dublin South-Central People Before Profit

Councillors[edit]

Name Local Authority LEA Party
Adrienne Wallace Carlow County Council Carlow People Before Profit
Fiona Ryan Cork City Council Cork City North West Solidarity
Hazel de Nortúin Dublin City Council Ballyfermot–Drimnagh People Before Profit
Tina MacVeigh Dublin City Council South West Inner City People Before Profit
Melissa Halpin Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council Dún Laoghaire People Before Profit
Hugh Lewis Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council Killiney–Shankill People Before Profit
John Burtchaell Fingal County Council Blanchardstown–Mulhuddart Solidarity
Gino O'Boyle Sligo County Council Sligo–Strandhill People Before Profit
Madeleine Johansson South Dublin County Council Palmerstown–Fonthill People Before Profit
Kieran Mahon South Dublin County Council Tallaght Central Solidarity
Sandra Fay South Dublin County Council Tallaght South Solidarity

Electoral history[edit]

Ahead of the 2016 general election there were four AAA–PBP TDs: Joe Higgins, Richard Boyd Barrett, Ruth Coppinger and Paul Murphy. Boyd Barrett was first elected to the Dáil at the 2011 general election, while Coppinger and Murphy were both elected at by-elections, in May and October 2014 respectively. Higgins retired with the dissolution of the 31st Dáil, while the other three sought re-election. They ran 31 candidates at the 2016 general election. On 25 January 2016, the group launched a set of "common principles", and later released separate party manifestos.[12] Six TDs were elected.

At the 2019 local elections, Solidarity–PBP won 11 seats, a loss of 17 seats from their combined total at the 2014 local elections.

Election Seats won ± Position First Pref votes % Government
2016
6 / 158
Increase2 Steady5th 84,168 3.9% Opposition

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.oireachtas.ie/parliament/media/housesoftheoireachtas/libraryresearch/2016election/ElectionResultsInfographic_104924.pdf
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Ireland". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  3. ^ a b Includes Solidarity, Socialist Party and People Before Profit
  4. ^ http://www.oireachtas.ie/parliament/media/main/documentation/[Untitled].pdf
  5. ^ "AAA set to change name to Solidarity". RTÉ.ie. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017. The party says the left-wing Dáil grouping currently known as the AAA-PBP will become known as the Solidarity - People Before Profit.
  6. ^ Register of Political Parties 16 October 2015, accessed 15 November 2015
  7. ^ "Anti Austerity Alliance and People before Profit to launch new party". The Irish Times. 16 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Statement on the Anti Austerity Alliance-People Before Profit initiative". Anti-Austerity Alliance. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Elitist far-left has gained traction but its fascism is affront to democracy". 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  10. ^ a b c English, Eoin (30 March 2016). "AAA bid to replace councillor deferred". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  11. ^ McGee, Harry (9 October 2015). "People Before Profit and the Anti Austerity Alliance – spot the difference". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  12. ^ "AAA-PBP launch 'common principles'". 25 January 2016.

External links[edit]