Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity"

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Bloc Petro Poroshenko Solidarity
Блок Петра Порошенка «Солідарність»
Leader and founder Petro Poroshenko
Founded (In its current form) August 27, 2014; 2 years ago (2014-08-27)[1]
Headquarters Kiev
Ideology Liberal conservatism[2][3][4]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation None
Colours          Red, White
Slogan Time to Unite
Verkhovna Rada[5]
143 / 450
Regions (2015)[6]
8,804 / 158,399
Website
solydarnist.org

The Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" (Ukrainian: Блок Петра Порошенка «Солідарність», Blok Petra Poroshenka «Solidarnist'»), a political party in Ukraine, formed on August 27, 2014. However, it has its roots in a parliamentary group called Solidarity dating from 2000[7] and has existed since in various forms as a political outlet for Petro Poroshenko.

The party won 132 of the 423 contested seats in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, more than any other party.[8][9]

On 28 August 2015 the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform merged into the party.[10]

History[edit]

Solidarity (2001–2002)[edit]

The party started in 2000 as a parliamentary faction called "Solidarity",[7] set up by Petro Poroshenko, until then a member of the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) faction.[11][12] Taras Kuzio claims that this happened with the help of then President Kuchma, who allegedly wanted to limit the influence of the SDPU(u).[11] Many deputies elected in 1998 for the Peasant Party of Ukraine and Hromada joined the new parliamentary faction.[11][13] Based on his parliamentary faction Poroshenko eventually established the Party of Ukraine's Solidarity.[13][14] In 2000 that party merged into what would become the Party of Regions (later to become for a period the biggest party of Ukraine[15]) and Poroshenko became a Party of Regions deputy.[13]

In 2001 Porroshenko expressed interest in the creation of the Our Ukraine Bloc.[13] However, in order to receive quote in Our Ukraine he had to join the bloc with his whole party.[13][16] The Party of Ukraine's Solidarity failed to break away from the Party of Regions, therefore Poroshenko decided to create a new phantom party with a similar name, the party "Solidarity".[13] At the 2002 parliamentary elections Solidarity was able to join Our Ukraine.[17] Top party members who received a parliamentary mandate on party list of the Our Ukraine electoral bloc in 2002 were Volodymyr Plyutynsky, Volodymyr Makeyenko, Eduard Matviychuk, Anatoliy Korchynsky, while a single constituency in Vinnytsia Oblast was won by Petro Poroshenko.

After 2002 Solidarity stopped participating in elections.[7][18] In 2004, the party left Our Ukraine, and was represented by 23 deputies in the Verkhovna Rada (the forming of new factions whose parties were not directly elected into parliament was not unique in Ukraine at the time.)[clarification needed][19] In March 2013 the Ministry of Justice asked the Central Election Commission of Ukraine for evidence that Solidarity had not been involved in elections since 2003.[13]

On 17 June 2013 Fatherland member of parliament Yuriy Stets became head of the party.[16] Stets was a member of the united opposition's political council.[16]

On 16 October 2013 a court cancelled the registration certificate of Solidarity.[13] The party could have challenged this on appeal, but did not[13] and was legally eliminated on 31 December 2013 "due to lack of reporting".[20] and because for more than 10 years had not participated in any election.[13]

Petro Poroshenko Bloc[edit]

Early in 2014 Poroshenko became leader of the National Alliance of freedom and Ukrainian patriotism "OFFENSIVE", which was renamed "All-Ukrainian Union Solidarity".[13][20] By doing so, Poroshenko de facto prolonged the life of Solidarity and de facto merged the National Alliance of freedom and Ukrainian patriotism "OFFENSIVE" into Solidarity[13][20] (legally the original party "Solidarity" does not exist anymore[13][20]). In May and June 2014, Ukrayinska Pravda characterised the party as "a myth with no website, unknown phone numbers and non existing addresses".[13][20] At the 2014 presidential election, Poroshenko was elected President of Ukraine.[21][22][23][24][25]

During a 27 August 2014 party congress, the "All-Ukrainian Union Solidarity" changed its name to "Bloc of Petro Poroshenko",[26] and elected the former Minister of Internal Affairs, Yuriy Lutsenko, as the new leader of the party.[26]

On 2 September, Vitali Klitschko, then parliamentary leader of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform, stated that since his party and the Petro Poroshenko Bloc had agreed to joint participation in parliamentary elections on 29 March 2014, the two parties were in discussion about running a joint list at the October 26 parliamentary election.[27] On 15 September it became clear that 30% of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc election list would be filled by members of UDAR and that UDAR leader Klitschko was at the top of this list, Klitschko vowed not to resign as incumbent Mayor of Kiev.[28] According to political scientist Tadeusz A. Olszański (in mid-September 2014) this deal with UDAR "enables it to use that party's large-scale structures, which the Poroshenko Bloc itself lacks".[29]

Party support (% of the votes cast) in different regions of Ukraine (in the 2014 election).

The party won the parliamentary election with 132 seats, beating the runner-up People's Front, who won 82 seats.[9] People's Front was first in the nationwide party vote (22.14% against 21.81%) but the party won 69 constituency seats while People's Front won only 18.[9] On 27 November 2014, the party formed a parliamentary faction of 145 people (at the opening session of the new parliament).[30]

On 21 November 2014 the party became a member of the coalition supporting the current second Yatsenyuk government and endorsed nine new ministers for the government.[31][32]

In March 2015 "Solidarity" was added to the name "Bloc of Petro Poroshenko" and party leader Lutsenko announced that the party preferred to be referred to as "Solidarity" because "We need to move away from forming parties with one leader".[33][34]

On 28 August 2015 UDAR and Petro Poroshenko Bloc officially merged into Petro Poroshenko Bloc.[10] UDAR party leader Vitali Klitschko became so the new party leader.[10]

The party was one of the winners of the 2015 Ukrainian local elections.[35] It did well in West and central Ukraine and Kherson Oblast region.[36][37]

According to Ukrainian media research of February 2016 22% of the parties representatives in regional councils and 12% of the parties parliamentary deputies were former members of the Party of Regions.[38]

(Following the fall of the second Yatsenyuk government) the party joined the coalition that supports the 14 April 2016 installed Groysman Government.[39] In the weeks prior to this 11 MPs had switched to the faction making forming the coalition possible.[40][41]

Klitschko resigned as Petro Poroshenko Bloc chairman (on 26 May) after a new law barring him as head of the Kiev City State Administration to be chairman or a member of a political party took effect on 1 May 2016.[42]

Ideology and positions[edit]

The party officially decries populism and advocates for pragmatism and realism.[43] According to Oleg Varfolomeyev of the Eurasia Daily Monitor the party is a liberal party (and UDAR was as well).[44] According to Bohdan Butkevych of the The Ukrainian Week the party does not have an idealogical unity.[45] Due to the fact the party was created shortly before the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election an then its "party list was drawn up by taking almost anyone who was ready and willing to invest their own resources".[45] Hence its parliamentary faction consists of people who "have very different interests, methods of getting into parliament and plans".[45] (Hence) the parties MP's tend not to vote alike.[45]

The party broadly reflects Poroshenko's ideology. On August 27, 2014 newly elected party leader Yuriy Lutsenko stated that the Petro Poroshenko Bloc should help Poroshenko implement his election promises.[46] Official party positions include:[43]

In the War in Donbass the party advocates an end to the conflict by peaceful means.[29]

Party leaders[edit]

Date Party leader
2001–2001 Mykhailo Antonyuk
2001–2002 Petro Poroshenko[49]
2002–2013 Party inactive
2013–2014 Yuriy Stets[16]
2014–2015 Yuriy Lutsenko
2015–2016 Vitali Klitschko

Election results[edit]

Election results for Solidarity political party and Petro Poroshenko Bloc.

Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Solidarity
Year Popular vote  % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Government
2002 Our Ukraine
5 / 450
Increase 5 Opposition
2006 Did not participate
2007
2012
Petro Poroshenko Bloc
Year Popular vote  % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Government
2014 3,433,336 21.83%
132 / 450
Increase 132 Coalition government

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate # of 1st round votes  % of 1st round vote # of 2nd round votes  % of 2nd round vote Won/Loss
2014 Petro Poroshenko 9,857,308 54.7 Won

References[edit]

  1. ^ Про партію [About the party]. Petro Poroshenko Bloc Solidarity official website. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "Petro Poroshenko Bloc: Facts and Details". Sputnik. 25 October 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Yatsenyuk, Poroshenko Parties Hold Lead in Ukraine Parliamentary Elections". Sputnik. 27 October 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Депутатські фракції і групи VIII скликання: Назва депутатської фракції чи групи [Deputation factions and groups of the VIII convening: Name of the deputation faction or group] (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada official website. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Кандидати, яких обрано депутатами рад [Candidates returned as deputies of the Councils]. www.cvk.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 15 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c (Ukrainian) Databases ASD: Political parties in Ukraine Archived August 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
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    "New Verkhovna Rada". Kyiv Post. 30 October 2014. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament". Ukrinform. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
    "People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
    "Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC". Interfax-Ukraine. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
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    Who will lead Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) and where? Archived February 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Den (27 February 2014)
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    Внеочередные выборы Президента Украины [Results election of Ukrainian president]. telegraf.com.ua (in Russian). 29 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
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    Solidarity Party to be renamed Bloc of Petro Poroshenko – congress Archived August 31, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (27 August 2014)
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  28. ^ (Russian) Pilots, combat, and journalists. Who goes to the new Verkhovna Rada Archived June 17, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Korrespondent.net (September 15, 2014)
    Klitschko: I lead my team to Parliament[permanent dead link], UDAR official website (14.09.2014)
    Deadline for nomination of candidates running in early election to Rada expires Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., ITAR-TASS (September 15, 2014)
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  30. ^ (Ukrainian) In Parliament created a faction Archived September 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (27 November 2014)
  31. ^ "Rada supports coalition-proposed government lineup". Interfax-Ukraine. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
    Kyiv Post staff writers; Oksana Grytsenko (2 December 2014). "Rada approves new Cabinet with three foreigners". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
    Рада проголосувала новий кабмін [Rada voted in a new cabinet]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 2 December 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
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    "Ukraine's parliamentary parties initial coalition agreement". Interfax-Ukraine. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  33. ^ "Bloc of Petro Poroshenko to change name". Ukrinform.net. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  34. ^ "'Poroshenko' is Getting Tossed From His Own Party". Sputniknews.com. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
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    Exit Polls Show Ukraine Divided For, Against Poroshenko Rule Archived December 30, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (27 October 2015)
    After Ukraine’s Local Elections: Early Misinterpretations Archived September 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Carnegie Europe (27 October 2015)
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  37. ^ www.cvk.gov.ua (Ukrainian)
  38. ^ (Ukrainian) Media: the BPP 22% of the members of regional councils and 12% of MPs - ex- "Regions" Archived May 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (February 7, 2016)
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    New Cabinet formed in Ukraine Archived October 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., UNIAN (14 April 2016)
    Week’s balance: PM Groysman, Rada’s sabotage, and disappointing IMF forecast, UNIAN (18 April 2016)
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  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2016-06-25. 
  43. ^ a b "ПРОГРАМА ПАРТІЇ". 
  44. ^ Oleg Varfolomeyev (18 September 2015). "Ukraine's pro-government parties join forces ahead of local elections". Ukrainian Weekly. Eurasia Daily Monitor. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  45. ^ a b c d Petro Poroshenko Bloc: fragmentation Archived May 28, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., The Ukrainian Week (8 March 2016)
  46. ^ (Ukrainian) Poroshenko will be honorary leader of "Solidarity" party can head Lutsenko Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (27 August 2014)
  47. ^ Poroshenko Block ready to vote for scrapping presidential immunity - Lutsenko Archived August 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (27.10.2014)
  48. ^ Bloc of Petro Poroshenko proposes privatization of mines, exchange trading in coal be fixed in coalition agreement Archived August 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (29 October 2014)
  49. ^ Party Solidarnist at the Political compass of a electorate

External links[edit]