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Leader None
Founded December 2008
Preceded by Union of Right Forces, United Civil Front and others
Succeeded by People's Freedom Party "For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption",
Democratic Choice,
5th of December Party
Headquarters Moscow
Ideology Liberalism,
Social liberalism,
Classical liberal and Libertarian factions
Political position Centre,
Centre right
International affiliation None

Solidarnost (Солидарность, Russian for "Solidarity", named after the Polish Solidarność) is a Russian liberal democratic political movement founded on 13 December 2008 by a number of well-known members of the liberal democratic opposition, including Garry Kasparov, Boris Nemtsov and others from the Yabloko and Union of Right Forces (which had just merged with two pro-Kremlin parties, the Democratic Party of Russia and Civilian Power, to form the pro-Kremlin liberal democratic Right Cause) parties, leaders of the Dissenters March events, the Committee 2008, the People's Democratic Union, the United Civil Front, The Other Russia and other politicians and political groups.[1][2]

In an apparent attempt to weaken the movement immediately before its foundation, President Dmitri Medvedev nominated former leader of the Union of Right Forces Nikita Belykh to become governor of the Kirov Oblast (Belykh agreed to take the position).[3] As reported by the International Herald Tribune Belykh "sought to explain his decision by arguing that he could do more good by working with the Kremlin. He said he would prove that someone with progressive ideas could succeed in the government", while saying that "When you have nothing at all, when you cannot even get close in the elections, when all your paths are being cut off, then you just can't have a political party."[4]


Solidarnost movement includes the following forces:[5]

Regional branches

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Opposition gründet neue Bewegung Solidarnost - Russland - › International". Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ "Russische Opposition gründet Solidarnost - Ausland". 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ "What the Russian papers say | Features & Opinion | RIA Novosti". Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ Eisenberg, Anne. "The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "". Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  6. ^ "". Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  7. ^ Archived 2009-01-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "За Права Человека |English | Reports and articles". Retrieved 2013-01-06. 

External links[edit]