Soling

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International Soling
Soling insigna.png
Class symbol
Soling Line Drawing.svg
Development
Designer Jan H. Linge
Location Norway
Year 1965
Design One-Design
Role Designed for the Olympic Games 1972
Boat
Crew 2 or 3
Draft 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)
Trapeze Droop hiking
Hull
Type Monohull
Construction GRP
Hull weight 1,035 kg (2,282 lb)
LOA 8.15 m (26.7 ft)
LWL 6.1 m (20 ft)
Beam 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)
Hull appendages
Keel/board type Fixed 580 kg (1,280 lb)
Rig
Rig type Bermuda rig
Mast length 9.3 m (31 ft)
Sails
Mainsail area 15.6 m2 (168 sq ft)
Jib/genoa area 8.1 m2 (87 sq ft)
Spinnaker area Max: 45 m2 (480 sq ft)
Min: 35 m2 (380 sq ft)
Upwind sail area 23.7 m2 (255 sq ft)
Racing
D-PN 82.3[1]
RYA PN 914[2]
Former Olympic class

The Soling is an International open keelboat class designed by Jan Linge from Norway in 1965. In 1968, it was selected to be an Olympic class for the Games of the XX Olympiad in Kiel 1972 (GER). The Soling maintained this status until her final appearance at the 2000 Olympics.

The Soling is a strong boat designed for any wind and sea condition. The boats are one-design originating from an authorized single plug and mould and made of glass reinforced polyester, making competition as equal as possible.

The lifetime of a Soling is long. Those produced in the early days are still in competition (more than 30 years after being built). The average competition life of a Soling boat is considered 15 years.[citation needed]

Characteristic for the Soling is the droop-hiking technique.[3][4]

Soling on a reach

Since 2008, the Soling is one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.

History[edit]

Soling

The Soling history actually began in the mind of Jan Linge during the late 1950s while he was doing design work and tank testing on a 5.5 metre to be built for a Norwegian friend for sailing in the 1960 Olympics. This friend, Finn Ferner, was a successful businessman and an outstanding helmsman, an Olympic medalist and winner of many international events. Linge had become convinced that a slightly smaller boat with a detached spade rudder and short keel could be a fast seaworthy boat with the likelihood of great popularity – though such features were not allowed under the 5.5 rules. After 1960 Linge completed his design sketches to demonstrate his ideas for promoting a Norwegian national class.

By the time of the 1961 IYRU meetings, the forces for change had organized themselves to seek four new classes – a single hander as companion to the Finn, a two-man keelboat to complement the Star, a three-man keelboat like the 5.5 or Dragon, finally a catamaran. The underlying goals for these new boats were not explicit, but hinted: "high performance" and "popularity" were key words for whatever boat was chosen. The two-man keelboat process started in 1962 under the auspices of the Dutch sailing magazine De Waterkampioen with the announcement of the design competition, to culminate at the 1963 IYRU meetings, and Trials perhaps in 1965. This resulted in the Tempest.

It was the public announcement by the Class Policy Committee (CPOC) in mid-1963 that started events leading to the adoption of the Soling's Olympic status four years later. The American magazine Yachting undertook to accept design sketches for presentation at the November 1963 meeting with the aim of a compromise between maximum speed and maximum seaworthiness. Obligatory maximum limits and features were:

  • LWL: 22 feet (6.7m)
  • Draft 4'6 (1.37m)
  • Displacement 3799 pounds (1723 kg)
  • Sail area 310 sq. ft. (28.8m2)
  • Non-sinkable
  • Built-in buoyancy
  • Capable of racing in open sea conditions
  • Open cabin

Linge was determined to develop his version of a three-man keelboat. His next door neighbour, Sverre Olsen (See S.O. + LING) became interested in backing the effort. A wooden prototype was built, for experimenting with sizes and placement of rudders, keels, and rig. Finn Ferner, the champion skipper and Linge's 5.5 client of 1960, became an important skilled partner in this activity. By mid 1965, Linge and Ferner were satisfied enough with their work to manufacture the moulds needed for producing complete fibreglass boats. In November 1965, the IYRU scheduled trials to be held off Kiel during September 1966.

The high performance revolution was underway: The Tempest was given recognition, Catamaran trials were set for 1967, and a 1966 re-run of the single hander event which had had no wind in 1965 was held. During the winter of 1965–66, five fibreglass Solings were built which were extensively sailed against one another during the following summer. This competition was destined to be helpful in the heavy weather ahead at Kiel – chosen as a windy challenge for what the IYRU desired.

The first race was in moderate air, but thereafter for ten of the eleven races, Kiel lived up to its breezy reputation. The final race may have been worth all the rest for the Soling: a meeting of helmsmen gathered in view of the forty knot wind. Not surprisingly, the Committee's desire to race was persuasive. By the windward mark only the Soling was left to sail the course, and so was able to demonstrate her outstanding ability to handle heavy air. The Selection Committee, consisting of chairman British Frank Murdoch, Italian Beppe Croce, American Bob Bavier, Greek Costas Stavridis, British Sir Gordon Smith and German Hans Lubinus was impressed.

Two boats were recommended: Shillalah II, designed and sailed by US Star class Champion, E. W. "Skip" Etchells, and Soling, the boat referred to as "the undersized entry". Several new boats, a fibreglass Shillalah, also a 5.5 and a Dragon to compare speeds, assembled in Travemünde for the second Trials – this time in what became a moderate air series. Again Shillalah was the big winner, but again Soling finished respectably. This time she was sailed by Per Spilling with Sven Olsen and Linge again as crew. Without comment, the Observation Committee recommended Soling alone; this result passed unanimously through the IYRU meetings. The Soling had become an international class.

The 1968 Games in Mexico were held before the class acquired its Olympic status. Because there was a five-class limit set by the International Olympic Committee, the CPOC had recommended 5.5, Soling, Tempest (its two new boats), FD and Finn – these at the cost of Dragon and Star for the 1972 Olympics. The Permanent Committee was heavily lobbied by Dragon enthusiasts and so dumped the 5.5; in the same process the Star owners forced abandonment of IYRU's Tempest. In April 1969, after this battle, the IOC relieved the pressure on the IYRU by allowing a sixth "event". The IYRU then added the Tempest.

The news of the trials' results not only assured the Soling's status, but stimulated a building spree: three hundred in 1968 and as many or more in 1969. Elvstrøm became the dominant builder in Europe, particularly after he won the first Soling World Championships off Copenhagen in 1969. One of the best American helmsman, George O'Day, was given a license to build for the US market, just as Bill Abbott, Sr. (Chief) acquired the Canadian market.

Present day[edit]

The International Soling Class is still very active. Yearly world, continental and many national championships are organized and well visited. Fleetsracing with more than 40 competing boats are no exception. Local club racing is also very popular in the Soling. Boston, Massachusetts, maintains one of the largest active Soling racing clubs, with competitive racing every week through summer and fall.

Soling in Boston Harbor, sailing through Hypocrite Channel

Events[5][edit]

Olympics[6][edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1972 Kiel
details
 United States (USA)
Harry Melges
William Allen
William Bentsen
 Sweden (SWE)
Stig Wennerström
Bo Knape
Stefan Krook
 Canada (CAN)
David Miller
Paul Côté
John Ekels
1976 Montreal
details
 Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hansen
 United States (USA)
John Kolius
Walter Glasgow
Richard Hoepfner
 East Germany (GDR)
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
1980 Moscow
details
 Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hansen
 Soviet Union (URS)
Boris Budnikov
Alexandr Budnikov
Nikolay Poliakov
 Greece (GRE)
Anastasios Bountouris
Anastasios Gavrilis
Aristidis Rapanakis
1984 Los Angeles
details
 United States (USA)
Robbie Haines
Rod Davis
Ed Trevalyan
 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Daniel Adler
Ronaldo Senfft
 Canada (CAN)
Hans Fogh
Stephen Calder
John Kerr
1988 Seoul
details
 East Germany (GDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 United States (USA)
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Robert Billingham
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Jan Mathiasen
Steen Secher
1992 Barcelona
details
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Steen Secher
Jesper Seier
 United States (USA)
Kevin Mahaney
Jim Brady
Doug Kern
 Great Britain (GBR)
Lawrie Smith
Robert Cruikshank
Ossie Stewart
1996 Atlanta
details
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Russia (RUS)
Georgy Shayduko
Dmitri Shabanov
Igor Skalin
 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
Jim Barton
Kent Massey
2000 Sydney
details
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Henrik Blakskjær
Thomas Jacobsen
 Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland

Pan American Games[7][edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
1979 San Juan  United States (US)  Brazil (BL)  Canada (KC)
1983 Caracas  Brazil (BL)  Canada (KC)  United States (US)
1987 Indianapolis  United States (US)  Canada (KC)  Brazil (BL)

World Champions[edit]

Worlds Championship[8][edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1969 Copenhagen  Denmark
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Poul Mik-Meyer
 Sweden
Pettersson
 
 
 United States
Schoomaker
 
 
1970 Poole  Sweden
Stig Wennerström
Stefan Krook
Jan Lybeck
 United States
Dane
 
 
 Great Britain
John Oakeley
 
 
1971 Oyster Bay, New York  Adlez (USA)
Bob Mosbacher
Thad Hutcheson
Tom Dickey
 United States
B. Goldsmith
 
 
 Denmark
Paul Bert Elvstrøm
Valdemar Bandolowski
Niels Jensen
1973 Quiberon  Denmark
Ib Ussing Andersen
Jørgen Lindhasten
Hans Winther
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
 
 
 Sweden
Stig Wennerström
Stefan Krook
Jan Lybeck
1974 Sydney  Bes (DEN)
Paul Elvstrøm
Hans Fogh
Bruce McCurrach
 Pocahontas (AUS)
David Forbes
Dennis O'Neil
John Anderson
 Oh Calcutta (SWE)
Arved von Grünewaldt
Tommy Nilsson
Hjalmar Schibbye
1975 Chicago  United States
Bill Buchan, Jr.
Craig Thomas
Joe Golberg
 United States
Buddy Melges
 
 
 United States
John Waldrip Kolius
Walter Merrill Glasgow
Richard Hoepfner
1977 Hanko  Canada
Glen Dexter
Andreas Josenhans
Sandy McMillan
 Denmark
Valdemar Bandolowski
Jorgen Lindhardtsen
Erik Hermann Hansen
 Brazil
Gastão Brun
Vicente Brun
Roberto Martins
1978 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
Gastão Brun
Vicente Brun
Roberto Martins
 Canada
Glen Dexter
Andreas Josenhans
Sandy McMillan
 Canada
Hans Fogh
John Kerr
Dennis Toews
1979 Visby  United States
Robbie Haines
Rod Davis
Ed Trevelyan
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
 
 
 Sweden
Stig Wennerström
 
 
1980 Ponce  Canada
Glen Dexter
Andreas Josenhans
Sandy McMillan
 United States
Robbie Haines
Rod Davis
Ed Trevelyan
 United States
Buddy Melges
 
 
1981 Anzio  Brazil
Vicente Brun
Gastão Brun
Steven Bakker
 Greece
Anastasios Bountouris
Anastasios Gavrilis
Aristidis Rapanakis
 Italy
Gianluca Lamaro
Valerio Romano
Aurelio Dalla Vecchia
1982 Perth  Australia
Mark Bethwaite
Ian McDiarmid
Glen Read
 Australia
William Packer
 
 
 United States
Dave Perry
 
 
1983 San Francisco  United States
Robbie Haines
Vicente Brun
Robert Kinney
 United States
Dave Curtis
John Engel
Wally Corwin
 Canada
Peter Gilmour
 
 
1984 Torbole  Denmark
Valdemar Bandolowski
Steve Calder
Theis Palm
 Soviet Union
Boris Budnikov
Gennadi Strakh
Oleg Miron
 East Germany
Helmar Nauck
Norbert Hellriegel
Sven Diedering
1985 Sarnia  United States
Dave Curtis
John Engel
Wally Corwin
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Daniel Adler
Ronaldo Senfft
 United States
John Kosteckil
William Baylisl
Bob Billingham
1986 La Trinite-sur-Mer  United States
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Bob Billingham
 United States
Dave Curtis
John Engel
Wally Corwin
 East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
1987 Kiel  East Germany
Helmar Nauck
Norbert Hellriegel
Sven Diedering
 United States
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Bob Billingham
 Soviet Union
Georgy Shayduko
Nikolay Poliakov
Sergey Kanov
1988 Melbourne  United States
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Bob Billingham
 United States
Dave Curtis
Paul Murphy
Wally Corwin
 Australia
Gary Sheard
 
 
1989 no champion decided
1990 Medemblik  France
Marc Bouet
Fabrice Levet
Alain Pointet
 United States
Kevin Mahaney
James Brady
Douglas Kern
 East Germany
Helmar Nauck
Norbert Hellriegel
Sven Diedering
1991 Rochester  United States
Larry Klein
Chris Redman
Ron Rosenberg
 Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 United States
Kevin P. Mahaney
James Brady
Douglas Kern
1992 Cadiz  Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Denmark
Jesper Bank
Jesper Seier
Steen Secher
 Sweden
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
1993 Phaleron  Greece
Anastasios Bountouris
Dimitris Deligiannis
Leo Pelekanakis
 Germany
Albert Batzill
Lang
Eddy Eich
 Spain
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
David Vera
1994 Helsingfors  Spain
Manuel Doreste
José Valades
Juan Galmes
 Denmark
Jesper Bank
Kræn Nielsen
Thomas Jacobsen
 United States
Jeff Madrigali
Kent Massey
James Barton
1995 Kingston  Spain
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
David Vera
 Sweden
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
 United States
Matt Hayes
Stephen McConaghy
Barry Watson
1996 Punta Ala  Russia
Georgy Shayduko
Igor Skalin
Dmitri Shabanov
 Italy
Mario Celon
Torboli
Nicola Celon
 Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
1997 Copenhagen no champion decided
1998 Milwaukee  Russia
Georgy Shayduko
Sergey Volchkov
Pavel Komarov
 Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Vladimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
 Italy
Paolo Cian
Pierluigi
Colannino
1999 Melbourne  Denmark
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen-Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
 Germany
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Netherlands
Roy Heiner
Peter van Niekerk
Dirk de Ridder
2000 Murcia  United States
Jeff Madrigali
Jim Hartwell
Chris Healy
 Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Vladimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
 Sweden
Hans Wallén
Magnus Augustson
Johan Barne
2001 San Isidro  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernán Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Argentina
Luis Cerrato
Federico Haymes Biedma
Fabio Scarpati
 Argentina
Martín Busch
Pablo Noceti
Ismael Ayerza
2002 Marblehead  Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Paul Davis
Bill Abbott III
 United States
Dave Curtis
George Iverson
Ben Richardson
 United States
Dave Franzel
Dave Carlson
Maximo Smith
2003 Balaton  Ukraine
Sergej Pichugin
Sergej Timostschow
Dmitri Jarowoj
 Germany
Thomas Maschkiwitz
Christoph Sauerbier
Knut Seelig
 Germany
Heiko Winkler
Stefan Wenzel
Jens Niemann
2004 Porto Alegre  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Hungary
George Wossala
Leslie Kovacsi
Pepe Nemeth
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos Pinto Ribeiro
Lucio Pinto Ribeiro
2005 Castiglioni della Pescaia  Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Slovenia
Boštjan Antončič
Gennadi Strakh
Zeljko Perovic
 Hungary
Balazs Gyenese
Gyula Monus
Karoly Vezer
2006 Annapolis  Canada
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gordon Devries
 Canada
Peter Hall
Philip Karrigan
Jay Deakin
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Smith
Miguel Lacour
2007 San Isidoro  Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos Pinto Ribeiro
Lucio Pinto Ribeiro
 Brazil
Cicero Hartmann
Flávio Quevedo
Andre Renard
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Tomas Peuvrel
Maximo Feldtmann
2008 Scarlino  Slovenia
Boštjan Antončič
Gennadi Strakh
Karlo Hmeljak
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Tomas Peuvrel
Maximo Feldtmann
2009 Toronto  Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Paul Davis
Joanne Abbott
 Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Canada
Peter Hall
Phillip Kerrigan
Gavin Flinn
2010 Porto Alegre  Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Brazil
Cicero Hartmann
Flávio Quevedo
Andre Renard
2011 Prien am Chiemsee
details
 Canada
Peter Hall
Paul Davis
Phillip Kerrigan
 Hungary
George Wossala
Vezér Károly
Pepe Nemeth
 Brazil
Nelson Ilha
Paulo Lemos Ribeiro
Felipe Ilha
2012 Milwaukee  Canada
Peter Hall
Paul Davis
William Hall
 Canada
Hans Fogh
John Finch
Gordon Devries
 Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Joanne Abbott
Tom Freeman
2013 Balatonalmádi  Hungary
Litkey Farkas
Károly Vezér
Weinhardt Csaba
 Canada
Peter Hall
Paul Davis
William Hall
 Brazil
Nelson Ilha
Felipe Ilha
Fernando Ilha
2014 Punta del Este  Canada
Peter Hall
Johan Offermans
William Hall
 Brazil
Cicero Hartmann
Flávio Quevedo
Andre Renard
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Eduardo Zimmermann
Maximo Feldtmann
2015 Castiglione della Pescaia  Hungary
Litkey Farkas
Károly Vezér
Weinhardt Csaba
 Canada
Bill Abbott
Joanne Abbott
William Abbott
 Austria
Florian Felzmann
Michael Felzmann
Margund Schuh
2016 Kingston  Canada
Bill Abbott
Joanne Abbott
Scott McNeill
 Brazil
Nelson Ilha
Manfredo Florick
Gustavo Ilha
 Canada
Thomas Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
2017 Muiden  Hungary
Litkey Farkas
Vezér Károly
Oroszlán Gábor
 Brazil
Nelson Ilha
Manfredo Florick
Carlo de Leo
 Ukraine
Igor Yushko
Sergej Pichugin
Igor Severjanov

Worlds Matchrace Championship[9] (Infanta Cristina)[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
1995 Kingston  United Kingdom (GBR)
Stuart Childerley
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 Denmark (DEN)
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
1996 Cadiz  Sweden (SWE)
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
 Denmark (DEN)
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen-Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
 France (DEN)
Marc Bouet
1998 Kralingen  Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 Australia (AUS)
Neville Wittey
1999 Melbourne  Sweden (SWE)
Hans Wallen
M. Augustsson
Johan Barne
 United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
Jim Hartwell
Chris Healy
 Netherlands (NED)
Roy Heiner
Peter Van Niekerk
Dirk de Ridder
2000 Cadiz  Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Henrik Blakskjær
Thomas Jacobsen
 France (FRA)
Philippe Presti
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Andy Beadsworth
Barry Parkin
Mason

Continental Championships[10][edit]

European Fleetrace Champions[11][edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1968 Copenhagen  Norway
Per Spilling
 Netherlands
Geert Bakker
 Denmark
Niels Bolt Joergensen
1969 Sandhamn  Sweden
Arved von Grünewaldt
Tommy Nilsson
Anders Nordin
 Sweden
Kellner
 West Germany
Norbert Wagner
1970 Hankø  Denmark
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Poul Mik Meyer
 Sweden
Arved von Grünewaldt
Tommy Nilsson
Anders Nordin
 Sweden
Pelle Petterson
1971 Travemünde  Denmark
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
 Soviet Union
Timur Pinegin
Valentin Samotaikin
Rais Galimov
 Denmark
Jörgensen
1972 Skovshoved  East Germany
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
 United Kingdom
John Oakeley
Charles Reynolds
Barry Dunning
 Denmark
Paul Elvstrøm
Niels Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
1973 Medemblik  East Germany
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
 Austria
Uli Strohschneider
 East Germany
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
1974 Clyde  Germany
Willi Kuhweide
Axel May
Karsten Meyer
 East Germany
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
 East Germany
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
1975 Alassio  Sweden
Stig Wennerström
Lennart Roslund
Stefan Krook
 East Germany
Roland Schwarz
Lothar Köpsel
Werner Christoph
 Italy
Albarelli
Di Martino
Guidotti
1976 Geneva  East Germany
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hermann Hansen
 Austria
Herbert Raudaschl
1977 Athens  West Germany
Fritz Geiss
Gerhard Fehzner
Beck
 West Germany
Willi Kuhweide
Axel May
Karsten Meyer
 Denmark
Valdemar Bandolowski
1978 Kiel  Canada
Hans Fogh
John Kerr
Dennis Toews
 Canada
Glenn Dexter
Andreas Josenhans
Sandy McMillan
 East Germany
Dieter Below
Olaf Engelhardt
Michael Zachries
1979 La Rochelle  Brazil
Eduardo Ramos
Manfred Kaufman
Thomas Heiman
 Netherlands
Geert Bakker
Pieter Keijzer
Harald de Vlaming
 Sweden
Arved von Grünewaltdt
Tommy Nilsson
Anders Nordin
1980 Helsinki  Soviet Union
Boris Budnikov
Aleksandr Budnikov
Nikolay Polyakov
 West Germany
Willi Kuhweide
Axel May
Karsten Meyer
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Valdemar Bandolowski
Erik Hermann Hansen
1981 Attersee  Austria
Michael Farthofer
Georg Vartian
Christian Holler
 East Germany
Hermann
Decker
Olbricht
 West Germany
Fritz Geis
1982 Dragør  Canada
Hans Fogh
Richard Jensen
John Kerr
 Soviet Union
Boris Budnikov
Aleksandr Budnikov
Nikolay Polyakov
 Soviet Union
Kudraitshev
1983 Medemblik  Canada
Hans Fogh
John Kerr
Steve Calder
 Soviet Union
Boris Budnikov
Gennadi Strakh
Oleg Miron
 East Germany
Helmar Nauck
Norbert Hellriegel
Sven Diedering
1984 not held
1985 Balatonfüred  Norway
Terje Wang
Jan Petterson
Bjørn Selander
 East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Soviet Union
Georgy Shayduko
Sergey Kanov
Nikolay Polyakov
1986 Warnemünde  East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Sweden
Lennart Persson
Eje Öberg
Tony Wallin
 Germany
Thomas Jungblut
Thomas Maschkiwitz
Kröger
1987 Karlshamn  Soviet Union
Georgy Shayduko
Sergey Kanov
Nikolay Polyakov
 East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Canada
Hans Fogh
Steve Calder
Hank Lammens
1988 Alassio  East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 United States
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Bob Billingham|
 Denmark
Jesper Bank
Jan Mathiassen
Steen Secher|
1989 Oslo  Denmark
Jesper Bank
Jesper Seier
Steen Secher|
 Soviet Union
Sergey Pichuguin
Gennadi Strakh
Andrei Nikandrov
 East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
1990 Prien am Chiemsee  France
Marc Bouet
Fabrice Levet
Alain Pintet
 East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Netherlands
Roy Heiner
Ed van der Steene
Yska Minks
1991 La Baule  United States
Dave Curtis
Brad Dellenbaugh
Paul Murphy|
 Sweden
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
 East Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
1992 Torbole  Sweden
Per Ahlby
Stefan Nordström
Jan-Olov Sandberg
 Austria
Michael Luschan
Stefan Lindner
Georg Stadler
 Sweden
Magnus Holmberg
Björn Alm
Johan Barne
1993 Portorose  Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Germany
Albert Batzil
Lang
Finch
 Norway
Rune Jacobsen
Landucek
Haaland
1994 Vilamoura  Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 Denmark
Stig Westergaard
Jens Bojsen Møller
Bjørn Westergaard
 Australia
Ian Walker
1995 Marstrand  Denmark
Jesper Bank
Kræn Nielsen
Thomas Jacobsen
 Norway
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 Australia
Miles
Links
Mayor
1996 Balatonfüred  Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Sergey Kaindrava
Vladimir Korotkov
 Austria
Christian Binder
Franky Fellner
Volker Moser
 Hungary
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Károly Vezér
1997 Troon  Germany
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Great Britain
Andy Beadsworth
Barry Parkin
Mason
 Norway
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
1998 Izola  Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
 Russia
Georgy Shayduko
Sergey Voltshkov
Kramskoy
 Germany
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
1999 Sandefjord  Netherlands
Roy Heiner
Peter Van Niekerk
Dirk de Ridder
 Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
 Germany
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
2000 La Rochelle  Denmark
Jesper Bank
Henrik Blakskjær
Thomas Jacobsen
 Russia
Georgy Shayduko
Oleg Khopyorsky
Andrei Kiriliuk
 Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
2001 Kammersee  Austria
Christian Binder
Franky Fellner
Volker Moser
 Germany
Heiko Winkler
Stefan Wenzel
Jens Niemann
 Austria
Carl Auteried
Thomas Beclin
Martin Kendler
2002 Castiglione  Austria
Carl Auteried
Thomas Beclin
Martin Kendler
 Austria
Markus Schneeberger
Volker Moser
Christian Panek
 Hungary
George Wossala
László Kovácsi
Károly Vezér
2003 Torbole  Hungary
Balázs Gyenese
Gyula Monus
Károly Vezér
 Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Germany
Karl Haist
Daniel Diesing
Jacob Carsten
2004 Tonsberg  Austria
Markus Schneeberger
Volker Moser
Christian Panek
 Slovenia
Bostjan Antoncic
Gennadi Strakh
Zeljko Perovic
 Norway
Pål Christoffersen
Karl Book
Espen Kamperhaug
2005 Medemblik  Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Hungary
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
 Norway
Dag Usterud
Arne Ottestad
Eskil Goldeng
2006 Balatonfüred  Ukraine
Sergey Pichuguin
Ivan Chehlatiy
Sergey Timokhov
 Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Austria
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
2007 Arendal  Slovenia
Bostjan Antoncic
Gennadi Strakh
Sergey Pichuguin
 Germany
Thomas Maschkiwitz
Christian Öhler
Christoph Wossala
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Smith
Miguel Lacour
2008 Balatonfüred  Hungary
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
 Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Netherlands
Johan Offermans
Bas Dusee
Dominik Meissner
2009 Lovere  Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Austria
Carl Auteried
Udo Moser
Martin Kendler
 Hungary
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
2010 La Trinite  Hungary
George Wossala
Peter Németh
Károly Vezér
 Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Smith
Hernan Celedoni
2011 Attersee  Germany
Uwe Steingross
Karsten Eller
Tim Giesecke
 United States
Stuart H. Walker
Georg Stadler
Johannes Spitzk
 Austria
Johann Kahls
Christian Kahls
Ronnie Zeiler
2012 Arhus  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Rodrigo Ferres
Miguel Lacour
 Germany
Karl Haist
Martin Zeileis
Patrick Wichmann
 Netherlands
Rudy den Outer
Gavin Lidlow
Ramzi Souli
2013 Castiglione  Ukraine
Igor Yushko
Sergiy Pichugin
Dmitriy Yarmolenka
 Germany
Roman Koch
Maxl Koch
Gregor Bornemann
 United States
Charly Kamps
Jeremy McMahon
Toby Kamps
2014 Saint-Pierre-Quiberon  Germany
Uwe Steingross
Karsten Eller
Tim Giesecke
 Canada
Peter Hall
Steve Lacey
William Hall
 Netherlands
Rudy den Outer
Gavin Lidlow
Ramzi Souli
2015 Berlin  Germany
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Ingo Borkowski
 Hungary
Litkey Farkas
Károly Vezér
Gabor Croszlan
 Ukraine
Igor Yushko
Sergey Pichugin
Igor Severianov
2016 Ebensee  Austria
Christian Binder
Christian Feitchinger
Klaus Kratochwill
 Hungary
Litkey Farkas
Joo Kristoff
Gabor Croszlan
 Canada
Peter Hall
Steve Lacey
William Hall
2017 Riva del Garda[12]  Hungary
Litkey Farkas
Karoly Vezer
Weinhardt Csaba
 Austria
Florian Felzmann
Michael Felzmann
Margund Schuh
 Ukraine
Igor Yushko
Sergey Pichugin
Igor Severianov

European Matchrace Championship[13][edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
31 May - 2 June 1993 Kralingen  Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
Input needed Input needed
1994
1995 Torbay  United Kingdom (GBR)
Andy Beadsworth
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Stuart Childerley
1996
1997 St. Gilgen  Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Dmitriy Yarovoy
Sergey Timokhov
 Norway (NOR)
Herman Horn Johannessen
Paul Davis
Espen Stokkeland
1998 Torbole  Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Gunnar Bahr
Ingo Borkowski
 Spain (ESP)
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
David Vera
 Ukraine (UKR)
Sergey Pichuguin
Volodimir Korotkov
Sergey Timokhov
1999
2000

North American Championship[14][edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1991 Chicago  United States
Kevin Mahaney
 United States
John Kostecki
1992 Houston  United States
L. Klein
 United States
Peter Coleman
Paul Coleman
Coleman
1993 Rochester Input needed  United States
Jeff Madrigali
 Canada
Hans Fogh
1994 Seawanhaka  Canada
Hans Fogh
 United States
Jeff Madrigali
 United States
Peter Coleman
Paul Coleman
1996 Marblehead  United States
Jeff Madrigali
 Denmark
Stig Westergaard
 Germany
Jochen Schümann
1997 Wilmette  United States
Dave Curtis
 Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
 Canada
Dan Brenner
1998 Rochester  United States
Jeff Madrigali
Chris Healy
Jordan
 Canada
Hans Fogh
Fogh
Michener
 United States
Rey
Burnham
Brenner
1999 Toronto  United States
Dave Curtis
 Canada
Hans Fogh
 Japan
Kobun Kuramichi
2000 Annapolis  United States
Chris Larson
 Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
 United States
Jeff Gladchun
2002 Wilmette  United States
Jorgen Johnsson
Martin Johnsson
Mike Leslie
 United States
Charlie Kamps
Jon Bailey
Charley Tollefsen
 United States
Kent Heitzinger
Mike Tennity
Bill Santos
2003 Milwaukee  United States
Martin Johnsson
Jorgen Johnsson
Augi Hernandez
 United States
Joe Hoeksema
Rose Hoeksema
Michael Wolf
 United States
Charlie Kamps
Vytas Kasniunas
Len Deliceat/George Petritz
2004 Plattsburgh  Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Jim Turvey
Jim Turvey
 United States
Peter Galloway
Greg Anthony
Paul Steinborn
 United States
Stuart H. Walker
Chris Brown
Bruce Empey
2005 Toronto  Canada
Bill Abbott, Jr.
Joanne Abbott
Brad Boston
 Canada
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
John Kerr
 Canada
Bruce Clifford
Chris Tattersall
Matt Abbott
2006 Milwaukee  United States
Augi Hernandez
Jorgen Johnsson
Martin Johnsson
 United States
Jim Medley
Marc Hulburt
Chris Roberts
 United States
Charlie Kamps
Vytas Kasniunas
Jon Bailey
2007 Wilmette  Canada
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 United States
Jorgen Johnsson
Martin Johnsson
Augi Hernandez
 Canada
Peter Hall
Mike Parsons
Jami Allen
2008 Toronto  Canada
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 Canada
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
T. Park
 Canada
Kevin Brown
Mark Bird
Stephen Jones
2009 Plattsburgh  Canada
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
Gavin Flynn
 Canada
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 United States
Stuart H. Walker
Bruce Empey
Doug Loup
2010 Bath  Canada
Hans Fogh
Roger Cheer
Gord Devries
 United States
Stuart H. Walker
Bruce Empey
Doug Loup
 Canada
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
Ross Findlater
2011 Milwaukee  Canada
Manfred Kanter
Blair Tully
Tom Freemann
 Canada
Peter Hall
P. Kerrigan
Mike Parsons
 Canada
Hans Fogh
John Kerr III
Gord Devries
2012 Kingston  Canada
Peter Hall
Paul Davis
William Hall
 Canada
Bill Abbott
Joanne Abbott
Scott Banford
 Canada
Hans Fogh
John Finch
Gord Devries
2013 Plattsburgh  Canada
Hans Fogh
Ross Findlater
Gord Devries
 Canada
Bill Abbott
Joanne Abbott
Scott Banford
 Canada
Peter Hall
Steve Lacey
William Hall
2014 Port Stanley
2017 Milwaukee[15]  Denmark
Peter Hall
William Hall
Gord Devries
 Germany
Michael Dietzel
Hannes Ramoser
Connor Clafin
 United States
Ross Richards
Patrick Richards
Drew Kosmoski

South American Championship[13][edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1998 Búzios  Brazil
José Paulo Barcellos
Alessandro Gioia
Daniel Glomb
 Brazil
Alan Adler
Marcelo Ferreira
Daniel Adler
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lucio P. Ribeiro
1999 Paranaguá  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Matias Collins
Maximo Smith
 Brazil
Alan Adler
Marcelo Ferreira
Daniel Glomb
 Brazil
J.P Barcellos
R. Senft
Daniel Adler
2000 Porto Alegre  Uruguay
Ricardo Fabini
Meerhoff
Viana
 Brazil
Alan Adler
Senft
Penido
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
2001 San Isidro  Argentina
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Ismael Ayerza
 Argentina
Miguel Saubidet
Cristian Petersen
Lucas Petersen
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
2002 Porto Alegre  Brazil
Alexandre Paradeda
Caio Vergo
Andre Gick
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Santiago Jost
Maximo Feldtmann
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
2003 San Isidro  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Andres Ezcurra
 Brazil
Daniel Glomb
Andre Gick
Caio Vergo
2004  Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Brazil
Daniel Glomb
Andre Gick
Caio Vergo
 Brazil
Ernesto Neugebauer
Lucas Ostergren
Adrion Santos
2005 Punta del Este  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Erich Mones Ruiz
Maximo Smith
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Maximo Feldtmann
2006 San Isidro  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Hernan Celedoni
Maximo Smith
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Pablo Noceti
Maximo Feldtmann
2007 Porto Alegre  Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Feldtmann
Maximo Smith
 Brazil
Andre Wahrlich
Andre Gick
Henrique De Lorenzi
2008 Punta del Este  Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Nicolas
Maximo Smith
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Diego Weppler
Juan Pedro Masseroni
2009 Colonia del Sacramento  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Maximo Feldtmann
Maximo Smith
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Martin Busch
Diego Weppler
Zimermann
2010 Punta del Este  Brazil
Cicero Hartmann
Andre Renard
Flávio Quevedo
 Brazil
Guilherme Roth
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Santiago Nottebohm
Pablo Araujo
Lucas Tumulty
2011 Darsena Norte  Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Eduardo Coulon
Maximo Smith
 Argentina
Alberto Zanetti
Gerardo Della Torre
Ricky Homps
 Argentina
Pablo Despontin
Pablo Noceti
Ezequiel Fernandez Sasso
2012 Punta del Este  Brazil
Andre Wahrlich
Manfredo Floricke
Leonardo Gomes
 Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Federico Calegari
Juan Lago
2013 San Isidro  Brazil
George Nehm
Marcos P. Ribeiro
Lúcio P. Ribeiro
 Argentina
Pablo Despontin
Pablo Noceti
Ezequiel Fernandez Sasso
 Argentina
Gustavo Warburg
Eduardo Coulon
Maximo Smith
2014 Porto Alegre

Vintage Yachting Games[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
2008 Medemblik  Netherlands (NED)
Rudy den Outer
Leo Determan
Ronald den Arend
3D VYGOlogo.png Wildcard (NCO)
Steven Bakker
Sven Koster
Joost Houweling
 Germany (GER)
Holger Weichert
Laurent Scheel
Martin Setzkorn
2012 Lake Como  Ukraine (UKR)
Igor Yushko
Sergiy Pichugin
Dmitriy Yarmolenka
 Netherlands (NED)
Rudy den Outer
Gavin Lidlow
Ramzi Souli
 Austria (AUT)
Peter Neumann
Rudolf Rager
Rudolf Hubauer
2016 Weymouth Bay Dates to be decided

National Championships[edit]

Class association[16][edit]

After the class became an International class the International Soling Association was founded. This "Owners Club" became a very self-supporting club able to address the main issues of the class. International Soling Class Association Website

Class Presidents[edit]

The main strategy of the Soling President has always been: "one-designedness", and creating opportunities that bring club sailors and Olympic aspirants together.

Period Country President Major achievement
1968–1972  Denmark Eggert Benzon Initiation of the International Soling Association
1973–1975  United States Jack Van Dyke In 1972 the Soling had been re-designated as an Olympic Class, looking towards the '76 Games. But the signals at the IYRU were to shape up with better control over the boat's construction, as well as its potential for high cost improvements contrary to the intention of Section 1 of the Class Rules. Van Dyke's previous years with the IYRU helped to make 1973 a watershed year.
1976–1979  Netherlands Geert Bakker He provided a transition that led the Class from its pioneer days to its pre-eminence as the world's most active and admired three-man keelboat. Geert was elected to the Presidency in 1976, the year he represented The Netherlands in the Kingston Olympics.
1980–1982  Australia Ken Berkeley Match racing became a regular feature of the Class' European schedule in 1983 when Ken Berkeley (who had just retired) donated a trophy for annual competition based upon experience over several years on Lake Balaton in Hungary and in Berlin. Ken Berkeley recruited a new secretary, Dinny Reed, in 1980 after the death of Eyvin Schiotz who had been Secretary since the early years of the Class.
1983–1986  West Germany Karl Haist He encouraged The German Democratic Republic (GDR) Soling sailors to become more active in the regular events of the Class and arranged for the first European Championship behind the "Iron Curtain". Karl was particularly concerned to maintain the one-design character of the boat and during his tenure additional templates were introduced to control the shape of the keel. Heike Blok brought forward the concept of an international ranking system and donated the Soling World Trophy.
1987–1990  West Germany Sam Merrick During Sam Merrick's Presidency the IYRU hierarchy launched a major program to make sailing a spectator sport, part of which was to introduce match racing into the Olympics. Sam persuaded the Class and the IYRU that if match racing were to be introduced, the ideal means was to use the Soling in a fleet/match event and he presided over the establishment of the present Olympic format in which the top fleet racers advance to a match racing final. The number of sails allowed in a regatta was reduced to one main, two jibs, and two spinnakers. Perhaps most importantly, Uli Strohschneider's campaign to make the Soling unsinkable was successful and the Class Rules were modified to require that hatch covers be screwed into place. No Solings with correct hatch covers have sunk since this time.
1991–1994  United States Stuart H. Walker Walker campaigned successfully to keep the Soling in the '96 Olympics and to continue the fleet/match format Stu established a strong, well organized Technical Committee that included the major builders and which has been successful in openly recognizing and solving problems before they become significant.
1995–1998  Hungary George Wossala George Wossala, as Vice-President and then President of the ISA, became a major influence in the Hungarian Yachting Association, and subsequently was appointed to several important ISAF Committees. During his reign as ISA President he also strove to improve the status of the Class' club racers, while aspiring to, and achieving, an Olympic berth himself (in the 1996 Olympics). He has also instigated the first Soling Masters' Championship – to be held at Lake Balaton in September 1999
1999–2002  United Kingdom Tony Clare After serving as Chairman of the ISA Technical Committee from 1980–1998 and as Vice President (Administration) from 1990–1998, Tony Clare became ISA President in January 1999. He has spent an enormous amount of time and effort over the last 20 years to make the International Soling Association work smoothly and to make the Class and its administration the most respected of all the Olympic classes.
2003–2006  United States Rose Hoeksema After the discontinuation as an Olympic class after the 2000 Olympics, Rose was able to keep the class together and to make a start of a new Soling strategy. A part of that strategy was to make the Soling one of the Vintage Yachting Classes.

Dinny Reed retired in 2003 as secretary. She was succeeded by Fleur Ainsley and later by Mathias Collins.

2007–1014  Netherlands Johan Offermans Johan is working to keep the numbers of competitors as high as possible as well as the number of countries involved in Soling sailing.
2015 – 2016  Canada Peter Hall Peter have set the following goals for 2015:

1. Better more regular communication between executive and membership.
2. Stabilize the Soling class or even increase membership by 10%.
3. Celebrate 50th anniversary with 50 plus boats.
4. Improved participation at each Continental Championships.
5. A quality 50th anniversary book to be delivered at the European Championships.

2017 – Present  Germany Michael Dietzel The great advantage of the Soling is that it is a One Design class. This means that also sailors with older boats have a chance to participate successfully in various regattas.

I am convinced that we are sailing an outstanding boat that holds the possibility to also be raced in different types of regattas. e.g. Matchrace, Teamrace or League concept. This is an idea that Michael would like to pursue during his presidency.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Licensed Builders[edit]