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The Solkan Bridge (Slovene: Solkanski most, Italian: Ponte di Salcano) is a 219.7-meter (721 ft) arch bridge over the Soča River near Nova Gorica in western Slovenia (by railway terminology it is a viaduct). With an arch span of 85 meters (279 ft), it is the world's longest stone arch railroad bridge (and second-longest stone arch bridge, after Germany's Syratal Viaduct, a road bridge). It holds this record because later construction technology used reinforced concrete to build bridges. It was originally built in the time of the Secession, between 1900 and 1905, and officially opened in 1906.
The bridge was designed by the architect Rudolf Jaussner and engineer Leopold Oerley, initially with an 80-meter (260 ft) stone arch. The bridge was built by the Viennese construction company Brüder Redlich und Berger between 1904 and 1905. In the spring of 1904 the builders had to change the project because of the light soil and increased the arch to 85 meters (279 ft). It is built of 4,533 stone blocks.
In August 1916, during the First World War, Austrian soldiers destroyed the bridge (using 930 kilograms or 2,050 pounds of Ecrasite) as they left Solkan to prevent the invading forces from using it. After the war the Italians first built a steel construction where the bridge once stood and in April 1925 started to build a new bridge, which was finished in 1927. This bridge was very similar to the first one, with the exception of having only four sub-arches instead of the original five.
During the Second World War the bridge suffered only minimal damage from bomb attacks. On August 10, 1944, bombs did not hit the bridge; on March 15, 1945, a bomb that hit the bridge did not explode.
- Gorazd Humar: Kamniti velikan na Soči. Branko, Nova Gorica 1996, ISBN 961-6079-30-1.
- Gorazd Humar, Bogdan Kladnik: Slovenski Mostovi: Bridges of Slovenia. Teil 2: Štajerska, Dolenjska, Gorenjska, Prekmurje. Zaklad, Ljubljana 2002, ISBN 961-6266-12-8.
- Eduard Jordan (2013): Der Eisbahnviadukt von Solkan/Salcano
- Walther Schaumann: Die Bahnen zwischen Ortler und Isonzo 1914 - 1918. Vom Friedensfahrplan zur Kriegsfahrordnung. Bohmann Verlag, Wien 1991.
- source Via Transalpina, published by Museum of Slovene Railway
- Gorazd Humar (September 2001). "World Famous Arch Bridges in Slovenia". In Charles Abdunur. Arch'01: troisième Conférence internationale sur les ponts en arc Paris: (in English and French). Paris: Presses des Ponts. pp. 121–124. ISBN 2-85978-347-4.
- Nebojša Tomašević (1982), Treasures of Yugoslavia: an encyclopedic touring guide, Yugoslaviapublic, p. 87, OCLC 10184316
- Media related to Solkan Bridge at Wikimedia Commons
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