Sollana

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Sollana
Sollana.jpg
Coat of arms of Sollana
Coat of arms
Sollana is located in Spain
Sollana
Sollana
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°16′43″N 0°22′51″W / 39.27861°N 0.38083°W / 39.27861; -0.38083Coordinates: 39°16′43″N 0°22′51″W / 39.27861°N 0.38083°W / 39.27861; -0.38083
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceValencia
ComarcaRibera Baixa
Judicial districtSueca
Government
 • AlcaldeAlicia Hervás Serra
Area
 • Total39.2 km2 (15.1 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total4,884
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sollanero/a
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
46430
Official language(s)Valencian
WebsiteOfficial website

Sollana is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Baixa in the Valencian Community, Spain. The municipality includes a second village: El Romaní.

Situated on the floodplain of the Júcar River, [2] the Sollana region is where rice was first grown in Spain 1,200 years ago, [3] and is also the heartland of the famous Spanish dish paella. [4] The economy of the area is still based mainly on agriculture: rice, oranges and livestock.

The Sisters of Mercy Convent in Sollana

In the early Middle Ages, Sollana was a small Visigothic settlement. Later, records from the al-Andalus period name it Suylana, chief village of a region including the hamlets of Romaní, Alcahecia and Trullás. After the Reconquista in the thirteenth century, James I of Aragon gave it to his vassal Ximén d'Urrea, and it eventually ended up part of the Dukedom of Híjar. In January of 1932, during the Second Spanish Republic, anarchists briefly declared a Soviet Republic of Sollana.[5]

The patron saint of Sollana is Mary Magdalene. She is celebrated annually in the summer festivities, which begin on her feast day, July 22, and continue through August 14, when the city council throws a "night of the paellas" in the city centre, and end in late August with a traditional bullring.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ Sarah R. Hamilton (2018). Cultivating Nature: The Conservation of a Valencian Working Landscape. University of Washington Press. p. 10. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  3. ^ Jeff Koehler (2016). La Paella: Deliciously Authentic Rice Dishes from Spain's Mediterranean Coast. Chronicle Books. p. 20. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  4. ^ Robert L. Wolke (2014). What Einstein Didn't Know: Scientific Answers to Everyday Questions. Courier Corporation. p. 42. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  5. ^ Levante-EMV. "Cuando Sollana se erigió en república soviética], diario". Retrieved 15 January 2012.