|Founding location||Solntsevo Moscow, Russia, former Soviet Union|
|Years active||late 1980s - present|
|Territory||Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Denmark, Netherlands, Czech Republic, United States, Israel, United Kingdom, France, Spain, South Africa, Canada and other parts of Europe, Africa and Australia.|
|Ethnicity||Predominantly Russian, Russian Jews and Ukrainians|
|Criminal activities||Racketeering, extortion, illegal gambling, arms trafficking, human trafficking, prostitution, drug trafficking, robbery, arson, bribery, money laundering, fraud, larceny, murder, Fence (criminal)|
|Allies||Orekhovskaya gang, Serbian mafia, and business partnerships with Colombian Cartels, Chinese Triads and Italian mafia Families, Nazi Low Riders|
|Rivals||Chechen mafia, Tambovskaya Bratva, Albanian Mafia|
The Solntsevskaya Organized Crime Group (Russian: Солнцевская организованная преступная группировка), also known as the Solntsevskaya Bratva (Russian: Солнцевская братва), is the largest and most powerful crime syndicate of the Russian mafia.
Other simplified versions of the name are Solntsevskaya Brotherhood and Solntsevskaya gang. The group is not a common gang, but a well organized criminal organization.
Rise to power
The Solntsevskaya gang was founded in the late 1980s by Sergei Mikhailov, a former waiter who had served a prison term for fraud. Based out of the Solntsevo District of Moscow, the gang recruited local unemployed, aggressive young men as foot soldiers and also made use of thief in law Dzhemal Khachidze to enhance their reputation amongst established criminals. The Solntsevo District was also strategically located near the M3[better source needed] highway leading to Ukraine, the MKAD[better source needed], Moscow's ring road, as well as the Vnukovo International Airport. Controlling these transport hubs allowed the Solntsevo group to muscle in on the car import business. But by the early 1990s, the Solntsevo's dominance was challenged by the Chechen mafia. Together with the Orekhovskaya gang and other Slavic mobs, the Solntsevo made an alliance to drive the Chechens out. The gang war claimed many casualties, and in a gun battle at the Kazakhstan Cinema six Chechens and four Russians were killed.
The gang was at one point linked to criminal mastermind Semion Mogilevich, through whom they laundered money. But a 1995 party at a Prague hotel, attended by Mikhailov as well as Uzbek drug trafficker Gafur Rakhimov, was raided by Czech police who received information that they were planning to kill Mogilevich there following a dispute. Mogilevich himself was nowhere to be found, having received advance information about both groups' intentions.
In the 1990s, the Solntsevskaya dispatched Vyacheslav Ivankov to Brighton Beach, New York City, and Mikhail Odenussa to Atlanta, Georgia, to take control of the Russian mob activities there. The FBI was alerted to Ivankov's presence, however, and after a long investigation he was arrested and convicted of extortion, becoming the first thief-in-law to be convicted in the United States. While Ivankov was not as successful, his counterpart Odenussa has been controlling Russian organized crime in Atlanta for over 20 years, while avoiding prosecution. Odenussa has had a firm grip on the city, with an army of killers to back him up. Although not as large as the drug cartels of Mexico that have sent men to try and set up shop in the Dixie Capital, Odenussa and his cohorts have out gunned the Mexican drug cartels and the African American gangs in Atlanta. The Solntsevskaya have also been active in Israel, primarily using it as a base for money laundering. But attempts to infiltrate Israeli politics were countered by vigilant law enforcement.
Current status and recent activity
- M3 highway (Russia)
- Moscow Ring Road
- McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld - Misha Glenny
- Khlebnikov P.; Conversation with a Barbarian: Interviews with a Chechen Field Commander on Banditry and Islam - Moscow, Detekiv-Press, 2003
- Paul Khlebnikov - Godfather of the Kremlin
- "The Billion Dollar Don" (Transcript of BBC Panorama documentary which cites Mikhailov and Solntsevskaya in association with Mogilevich)
- Glenny; McMafia
- Friedman, Robert; Red Mafiya: How the Russian Mob Has Invaded America; 2000
- Gentelev, Alexander; Thieves by Law; 2010
- Glenny; McMafia
- US embassy cables: Moscow mayor oversees corrupt system, says US