Solo Cup Company is an American manufacturer of disposable consumer products including beverage cups, disposable plates, and bowls. Solo Cup Company is located in Lake Forest, Illinois, and in 2006 had sales of $2.4 billion. On May 4, 2012, Solo Cup Company was acquired by Dart Container.
Leo Hulseman, a former employee of the Dixie Co. in the 1930s, created the "Solo Cup", a paper cone he made at his home and sold to bottled-water companies. Later the company developed other products, like wax-coated cups and the plastic Cozy Cup. The wax-coated cups were added to its lineup in the 1950s, as fountain sodas gained popularity.
Leo Hulseman founded the Solo Cup Company in 1936, The company was originally incorporated in 1955 under the name Hulseman Paper Corporation.
In the 1970s, Hulseman's son, Robert Leo Hulseman, came up with the now-ubiquitous (in the United States), red Solo cup. The red Solo cups are made of thick, molded polystyrene. They are known for being able to withstand drops, easily stackable, and disposable while price accessible. Their characteristic red color may conceal the drinking contents.
On June 30, 1980, SOLCO, Inc. and RM LEASING CORPORATION merged into Solo Cup Company.
On March 1, 2004, Solo acquired Sweetheart Cup Company for $917.2 million, in part with public debt. Sweetheart was founded by Joseph Shapiro and his four brothers, emigrants from Russia. It became the largest consumer packaging company in the world and was sold several times before being acquired by Solo Cup. Following the acquisition, Solo Cup's finances suffered, and Standard & Poor's lowered their credit rating from B to CCC+. In late 2006, Solo Cup was reported to be $1.1 billion in debt.
In 2005, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City added a Solo Cup Traveler's Lid to its permanent collection. The lid was featured because it symbolized innovation and progress in basic product design.
Leo Hulseman (1898–1989) was an active polo player. His wife, Dorothy Donahoe Hulseman (1900–1988), better known by her stage name Dora Hall, was a singer whose records were given away free of charge through Solo promotions. She began her recording career in 1962, at the age of 62, and her various recordings were in a contemporary pop mode. At least one early record ("Hello Faithless", written by Felice and Boudleaux Bryant and arranged by Don Ralke) charted on various radio stations in the US, Canada, and the UK, although it failed to make the national charts in any country.
Leo Hulseman was also the founder and owner of Premore Inc. Premore was a television production company on the Culver Studios lot for many years in the 1970s and 1980s, and later moved to North Hollywood. Premore produced children's TV shows including Tony the Pony (like the later Barney & Friends) and The Cliffwood Avenue Kids (like Our Gang). Other programs produced at the Premore facilities included Greystone's The Real West and Candid Camera. Premore's television studio stage, remote truck, and post production were used for Dora Hall's shows and rented for television specials and sports. Dora Hall was most noted for and seen on the Dora Hall TV Show (1979), and she played Rose On Broadway with Frank Sinatra Jr., Donald O'Connor and Scatman Crothers. She also had a TV special called "Once Upon a Tour". Her songs are found on the Premore, Reinbeau, and Cozy Records labels. Premore Inc. was closed in 1993, four years after the death of Leo Hulseman.
The red plastic cups are notably used in American college and university games such as beer pong and flip cup. This usage is referenced in Toby Keith's 2011 country music song "Red Solo Cup". The red party cup outsells the blue variety by a wide margin. In part because of its cultural significance, many other manufacturers now produce similar looking red cups. The company is also known for its Jazz cup design, acquired through Sweetheart and sometimes known as "Solo Jazz".
- "Dart Container Closes on Acquisition of Solo Cup Company" (PDF) (Press release). Dart Container. May 4, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Marotti, Ally (December 29, 2016). "Robert L. Hulseman, Chicago-area creator of famed red Solo Cup, dies at 84". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Sandomir, Richard (December 30, 2016). "Robert L. Hulseman, Inventor of the Solo Cup, Dies at 84". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- Lily-Tulip Cup Corporation, Springfield-Greene County Library, Springfield, Missouri
- Doug Criss (December 29, 2016). "Pour one out: The inventor of the red Solo cup has died". CNN. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- Yue, Lorene; Merrion, Paul (October 20, 2006). "S&P cuts Solo Cup's credit rating". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Lambert, Emily (November 17, 2006). "Party's Over". Forbes. Archived from the original on June 25, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Canadean. (Feb. 6, 2014) Solo Cup Company [Company profile]. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/
- "History Of Solo Cup Company | US". Dart Container. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- "Jack Clements. "Solo Traveler" Coffee Cup Lid. 1986". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- "Consider the Coffee Cup Lid: Designers Swoon for Solo". Fast Company. March 5, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Park, Michael Y. (May 30, 2014). "A Brief History of the Disposable Coffee Cup". Bon Appétit. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Kennedy, Pagan (October 25, 2013). "Who Made That Coffee Lid?". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Twilley, Nicola. "The Rise of the Plastic, Disposable Coffee Cup Lid". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Stinson, Liz. "A Redesigned Coffee Lid That Totally Changes the Drinking Experience". Wired. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- "History". The Culver Studios.
- Woolery, George W. (1985). Children's Television: The First Thirty-Five Years, 1946-1981, Part II: Live, Film, and Tape Series. The Scarecrow Press. pp. 123–124. ISBN 0-8108-1651-2.
- "WEBSITE CURRENTLY UNAVAILABLE - FreeServers". www.dorahall.tvheaven.com.
- Wilkins, Ernest (October 26, 2011). "Solo cup love affair". RedEye. Chicago. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Stevenson, Seth (October 10, 2011). "Red Solo Cup: How Solo's disposable drink vessel became an American party staple". Slate. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- "Toby Keith's 'Red Solo Cup' song - stupid or awesome?". USA Today. November 16, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
- Taylor, Kate (June 22, 2015). "The World Now Knows Who Created This Iconic '90s Solo Cup Pattern". Entrepreneur. Retrieved July 11, 2019.