Solomon Hart

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Solomon Hart
Hart Self Portrait.jpg
Self-portrait of Solomon Hart, c. 1860
Born Solomon Alexander Hart
1806
Plymouth, England
Died 1881
London, England
Education Royal Academy of Arts
Known for Painting, drawing, engraving

Solomon Alexander Hart RA (April 1806 – 11 June 1881) was a British painter and engraver.[1] He was the first Jewish member of the Royal Academy in London and was probably the most important Jewish artist working in England in the 19th century.

Biography[edit]

He was born at Plymouth, the son of Samuel Hart (fl. 1785–1830), a Jewish engraver and teacher of Hebrew. After completing his basic education, he was apprenticed to a local engraver. Later, he became the first Jew to enroll at the Royal Academy. While there, he worked in a variety of styles from genre to historical scenes and practiced several engraving and sketching techniques. He especially excelled in miniatures.

In 1826, He débuted at one of the Academy's exhibitions with a portrait of his father. By 1840, he was successful enough to be accepted as a member of the Academy. The following year, he embarked on a study trip to Italy and spent a great deal of time in Florence. In 1854, he was appointed a Professor at the Academy.

Although his early works were largely Jewish-themed, his exposure to Italian art (notably the works of Domenico Ghirlandaio in the Ognissanti) added motifs from church and monastery paintings. He also regularly provided illustrations for periodicals such as The Athenaeum and The Jewish Chronicle.

He never married and, in his later years, gradually lost his eyesight, although he continued to paint.

Works[edit]

  • 'The Plot' Othello and Iago (1855)
  • Temple of Jews at Shilo Hannah presenting infant to High Priest (1878) (sold on 16/3/1999 for £43,095 by Sotheby's New York)
  • Flee Moham'mad Beg who accompanied horses presented by Ima'm of Muscat to King William IV (sold on 29/5/2000 for £29,000 by Eldreds Plymouth)
  • [The Quarrel of] Wolsey and Buckingham (1834)
  • Coeur de Lion and Saladin (1835)
  • The Young Falconer (1835)
  • Sir Thomas More receiving his Father's Blessing (1836)
  • Henry I receiving News of the Shipwreck and Death of his Son (1840)
  • Milton visiting Galileo in Prison (1847)
  • The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Law at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy (1850)
  • The Three Inventors of Printing (1852)
  • Hop Picking (1852)
  • Solomon pondering the Flight of Time (1853)
  • Columbus (1854)
  • Sacred Music (1860)
  • Dilettanti (1861)
  • Desdemona and Othello (1863)
  • Benvenuto Cellini and Francis I (1864)
  • The Eve of the Sabbath (1868)
  • Portrait of Sir Moses Montefiore (1869)
  • Oliver Cromwell and Menasseh Ben Israel (1873)
  • Troy Weight (1874)
  • A Reminiscene of Ravenna (1875)
  • Dinner-Time at Penshurst in 1655 (1876)
  • Reflection (1877)
  • Perfidy (1878)

References and sources[edit]

External links[edit]