Solomon Islands United Party

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politics and government of
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The Solomon Islands United Party (SIUP) was a political party in the Solomon Islands.

History[edit]

The party was established in March 1980 by Prime Minister Peter Kenilorea,[1] and was based on the government he had led since 1978.[2] Kenilorea had initially been an independent, but sought to form a party in the build-up to the 1980 general elections. The party won 16 of the 38 seats and Kenilorea remained Prime Minister after forming a coalition government with the Independent Group. However, the government fell in 1981 after the Independent Group pulled out, at which point the People's Alliance Party's Solomon Mamaloni was able to form a coalition government with the National Democratic Party and independent MPs.[2]

The party retained significant public support throughout the 1980s,[3] and despite receiving fewer votes than the PAP in the 1984 elections, it won the most seats and Kenilorea returned as Prime Minister. He was succeeded by fellow SIUP member Ezekiel Alebua in 1986. However, the party won only four seats in the 1989 elections. The 1993 elections saw it reduced to three seats, and although it gained a seat in the 1997 elections, it lost parliamentary representation in the 2001 elections.

The party was revived in the build-up to the 2010 general elections when new president, Joel Moffat Konofilia, launched its manifesto in July 2010. He claimed that God had cursed Solomon Islands to punish the country for "vot[ing] against the nation of Israel" at the United Nations. Asking forgiveness from God, he added that "starting today and onward the United Party will vow its support and vote for Israel unconditionally in obedience to Genesis 12: 1-3". He stated that his beliefs and actions as leader, if elected, would be "rooted deeply in the word of God".[4] However, it ultimately did not contest the elections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hugh Laracy (1989) Ples Blong Iumi: Solomon Islands, the Past Four Thousand Years, p148
  2. ^ a b Haruhiro Fukui (1985) Political parties of Asia and the Pacific: Laos–Western Samoa, Greenwood Press, p1002
  3. ^ Party politics and government in Solomon Islands Australian National University
  4. ^ Konofilia launched his party in North Solomon Star, 12 July 2010