East Melanesian Islands
It is notable for its unique flora and fauna and species richness.
As defined by CI, the hotspot lies east and northeast of New Guinea and encompasses some 1,600 islands with a land area of nearly 100,000 km², including the Bismarck Archipelago, Admiralty Islands, Solomon Islands, and the islands of Vanuatu.
The East Melanesian Islands have many plants and some animals whose ancestors arrived from neighboring New Guinea and New Caledonia, but differ from those islands in that they were never joined to a continent.
- Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests — (Papua New Guinea)
- New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests — (Papua New Guinea)
- New Britain-New Ireland montane rain forests — (Papua New Guinea)
- Solomon Islands rain forests — (Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea including Bougainville Island)
- Vanuatu rain forests — (Vanuatu, Solomon Islands)