Solon, New York

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Solon, New York
Town
Location within Cortland County and New York
Location within Cortland County and New York
Solon is located in the US
Solon
Solon
Solon is located in New York
Solon
Solon
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°35′48″N 76°1′24″W / 42.59667°N 76.02333°W / 42.59667; -76.02333
Country United States
State New York
County Cortland
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Cynthia A. Monroe (D, R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 29.7 sq mi (77.0 km2)
 • Land 29.7 sq mi (76.8 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 1,371 ft (418 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,079
 • Density 37/sq mi (14.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 36-68264
GNIS feature ID 0979502

Solon is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The town had a total population of 1,079 as of the 2010 census.[1] The name of the town comes from the Greek lawmaker Solon.

The town is in the center of the county, east of the city of Cortland.

History[edit]

The region was part of the Central New York Military Tract used to pay soldiers of the American Revolution. Solon was first settled in 1794.

The town was created from part of the town of Homer in 1798, before the formation of Cortland County. Solon lost territory to the towns of Truxton (1811) and Taylor (1849).

The population of the town reached a peak of 2,311 in 1840. By 1865, the population had dropped to 995.

The Hatheway Homestead was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.7 square miles (77.0 km2), of which 29.7 square miles (76.8 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.26%, is water.[1]

New York State Route 41 is an east-west highway in the town.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,262
1830 2,033 61.1%
1840 2,426 19.3%
1850 1,057 −56.4%
1860 1,148 8.6%
1870 872 −24.0%
1880 842 −3.4%
1890 687 −18.4%
1900 622 −9.5%
1910 518 −16.7%
1920 498 −3.9%
1930 483 −3.0%
1940 486 0.6%
1950 522 7.4%
1960 549 5.2%
1970 687 25.1%
1980 865 25.9%
1990 1,008 16.5%
2000 1,108 9.9%
2010 1,079 −2.6%
Est. 2014 1,079 [3] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the year 2000 census, there were 1,108 people, 382 households, and 310 families residing in the town. The population density was 37.3 people per square mile (14.4/km²). There were 419 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.74% White, 0.09% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.

There were 382 households out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.6% were non-families. 10.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,167, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $27,143 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,555. About 6.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Solon[edit]

  • Mayberry Brook — A stream near the west town line that flows into Trout Brook at Mayberry Mills.
  • Mayberry Mills — A hamlet at the west town line.
  • Solon — The hamlet of Solon on NY Route 41.
  • Trout Brook — A tributary of the Tioughnioga River. Trout Brook flows westward from the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Solon town, Cortland County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°35′49″N 76°01′01″W / 42.59694°N 76.01694°W / 42.59694; -76.01694