Solon Irving Bailey
|Solon Irving Bailey|
Solon Irving Bailey
December 29, 1854|
Lisbon, New Hampshire
|Died||June 5, 1931
|Alma mater||Boston University|
|Known for||Establishing the Boyden Station|
Solon Irving Bailey (December 29, 1854 in Lisbon, New Hampshire – June 5, 1931 in Norwell, Massachusetts) was an American astronomer and discoverer of the main-belt asteroid 504 Cora, on June 30, 1902.
Bailey joined the staff of Harvard College Observatory in 1887. He received an M.A. from there in 1888 in addition to his previous M.A. from Boston University. After the observatory received the "Boyden Fund" bequest from the will of Uriah A. Boyden, Bailey played a major role in finding a site for Boyden Station in Arequipa, Peru, and was in charge of it from 1892 to 1919. He was also one of the first to carry out meteorological studies in Peru, traveling extensively in desolate areas at very high altitude. Boyden Station was moved to South Africa in 1927 due to better weather conditions and became known as the Boyden Observatory.
He made extensive studies of variable stars in globular clusters in the southern skies. He also performed a light-curve analysis measured the rotaion period of the near-Earth asteroid 433 Eros during its 1903 opposition with great accuracy. Bailey was acting director of Harvard College Observatory from 1919 to 1921 after the death of Edward Charles Pickering and prior to the appointment of Harlow Shapley. He worked as a senior colleague with Henrietta Leavitt. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1892. Irving died at his summer home in Hanover, from an illness caused by heart disease, in 1931.
- Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers – Bailey, Solon Irving. Springer Publishing. pp. 138–140. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved March 2016.
- "The International Who's Who in the World – BAILEY, Solon Irving". Harvard University: 61. 1912.
- "504 Cora (1902 LK)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved March 2016.
- Annie J. Cannon. "Biographical Memoir of Solon Irving Bailey (1854–1931)" (PDF). National Academy of Sciences (PDF). Retrieved March 2016.
- Johnson, George (2005). Miss Leavitt's Stars: The Untold Story of the Woman Who Discovered How to Measure the Universe. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. p. 28. ISBN 0-393-05128-5.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter B" (PDF) (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- "Dr. Solon I. Bailey, Astronomer, Dead". The New York Times. 6 June 1931. Retrieved March 2016.
- Delury, R. E.; Harper, W. E. (August 1931). "News and Comments (News of Astronomers, Notes from the D. A. O. )". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 25: 266. Bibcode:1931JRASC..25..266D. Retrieved March 2016.
- "Obituary Notices : Associates :- Bailey, Solon I". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 92: 263. February 1932. Bibcode:1932MNRAS..92..263.. doi:10.1093/mnras/92.4.263. Retrieved March 2016.
- Cannon, Annie J. (October 1931). "Solon Irving Bailey, 1854-1931". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 43 (255): 317. Bibcode:1931PASP...43..317C. doi:10.1086/124151. Retrieved March 2016.
- Fernie, J. D. (2000). "In Search of Better Skies: Harvard in Peru I". American Scientist 88 (5): 396. doi:10.1511/2000.5.396.
- Fernie, J. D. (2001). "In Search of Better Skies:Harvard in Peru, II". American Scientist 89 (2): 123. doi:10.1511/2001.2.123.
- Fernie, J. D. (2001). "Harvard in Peru III". American Scientist 89 (5): 402. doi:10.1511/2001.5.402.