Solukhumbu District

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Solukhumbu District
सोलुखुम्बु जिल्ला
A road section in Solukhumbu.
A road section in Solukhumbu.
Solukhumbu district locator map.png
Country Nepal
Province Province No. 1
Admin HQ. Salleri
 • Type Coordination committee
 • Body DCC, Solukhumbu
 • Total 3,312 km2 (1,279 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 105,886[1]
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main Language(s) Nepali,Sherpa, Rai

Solukhumbu District (Nepali: सोलुखुम्बु जिल्लाAbout this sound listen , Sherpa: ཤར་ཁུམ་བུ་རྫོང་ཁ། Wylie: shar khum bu dzong kha), is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. As the name suggests, it consists of the subregions Solu and Khumbu.

The district, with Salleri as its headquarters, covers an area of 3,312 km2 and had a population 107,686 in 2001 and 105,886 in 2011.[1]

Mount Everest is in the northern part of this district, within Sagarmatha National Park.

Indigenous ethnic Kulung and hill Caste Chhetri are the main groups living in the mid-hills, while Sherpas occupy high mountains. There is a notable hiking trail known as the Solukhumbu Trail.

Tenzing Norgay, 1953 who was born in Solukhumbu District


Salyan Fedi ricefield, Solukhumbu

Solukhumbu District is a familiar name in mountain tourism. The main attraction is Mount Everest (8,848m). UNESCO has listed the Sagarmatha National Park as a World Heritage site. Sherpa culture and Tengboche Monastery are unique to this district. The Khumjung village is famous for Sherpa culture. Gokyo valley and Khumbu valley are the major Himalayan valleys famous among the adventure and nature seekers. Gokyo Lake trek, Island peak climbing, solukhumbu, Mera Peak climbing, Mount Everest Exepedition, Amadablam expedition, and Lobuche peak climbing are the popular adventure trips in Solukhumbu district. This district is well known for adventure holidays.

Geography and climate[edit]

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nival above 5,000 meters 24.4%


Solukhumbu is divided into total 8 municipalities. 1 municipality Dudhkunda is urban municipality and all other 7 municipalities are rural:

Urban Municipality[edit]


Thulung Dudhkoshi (Nepali: थुलुङ दुधकोशी गाउँपालिका) is a rural municipality (gaunpalika) out of seven rural municipality located in Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. There are a total of 8 municipalities in Solukhumbu in which 1 is urban and 7 are rural.

According to Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Thulung Dudhkoshi has an area of 144.6 square kilometres (55.8 sq mi) and the total population of the municipality is 19672 as of Census of Nepal 2011.

Nele, Kangel, Panchan, Jubu, Mukli, Deusa and Lokhim which previously were all separate Village development committee merged to form this new local level body. Fulfilling the requirement of the new Constitution of Nepal 2015, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development replaced all old VDCs and Municipalities into 753 new local level body (Municipality).

The rural municipality is divided into total 9 wards and the headquarter of this newly formed rural municipality is situated in Mukli.

Map of the VDCs in Solukhumbu District
Solukhumbu airport

Former VDCs (1990–2016)[edit]

There are 35 Village Development Committees in Solukhumbu District:[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Districts of Nepal". Statoids. 
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013 
  3. ^ "हेर्नुस तपाई कुन गाउँपालिका वा नगरपालिकामा पर्नुभयो ?". Retrieved Jun 11, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Digital Himalaya: Nepal Census 2001". Retrieved Jun 11, 2017. 

Coordinates: 27°30′N 86°35′E / 27.500°N 86.583°E / 27.500; 86.583