Solution stack

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In computing, a solution stack or software stack is a set of software subsystems or components needed to create a complete platform such that no additional software is needed to support applications.[1] Applications are said to "run on" or "run on top of" the resulting platform.

For example, to develop a web application the architect defines the stack as the target operating system, web server, database, and programming language. Another version of a software stack is operating system, middleware, database, and applications.[2] Regularly, the components of a software stack are developed by different developers independently from one another.

Some components/subsystems of an overall system are chosen together often enough that the particular set is referred to by a name representing the whole, rather than by naming the parts. Typically, the name is an acronym representing the individual components.[3]

The term "solution stack" has, historically, occasionally included hardware components as part of a total solution, mixing both the hardware and software in layers of support.[4][5]

Some common named stacks[edit]

BCHS[6]
OpenBSD (operating system)
C (programming language)
httpd (web server)
SQLite (database)
ELK[7]
Elasticsearch (search engine)
Logstash (event and log management tool)
Kibana (data visualization)
Ganeti[8]
Xen or KVM (hypervisor)
Linux with LVM (mass-storage device management)
Distributed Replicated Block Device (storage replication)
Ganeti (virtual machine cluster management tool)
Ganeti Web Manager (web interface)
GLASS[9]
GemStone (database and application server)
Linux (operating system)
Apache (web server)
Smalltalk (programming language)
Seaside (web framework)
JAMstack[10]
JavaScript (programming language)
APIs (Application programming interfaces)
Markup (content)
LAMP[11]
Linux (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
LAPP[12]
Linux (operating system)
Apache (web server)
PostgreSQL (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
LEAP[13]
Linux (operating system)
Eucalyptus (free and open-source alternative to the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud)
AppScale (cloud computing-framework and free and open-source alternative to Google App Engine)
Python (programming language)
LEMP/LNMP[14]
Linux (operating system)
Nginx (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
LLMP[15]
Linux (operating system)
Lighttpd (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
LYME and LYCE[16]
Linux (operating system)
Yaws (web server, written in Erlang)
Mnesia or CouchDB (database, written in Erlang)
Erlang (functional programming language)
MAMP[17]
Mac OS X (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP, Perl, or Python (programming languages)
MARQS[11]
Apache Mesos (node startup/shutdown)
Akka (toolkit) (actor implementation)
Riak (data store)
Apache Kafka (messaging)
Apache Spark (big data and MapReduce)
MEAN[11]
MongoDB (database)
Express.js (app controller layer)
Angular.js (web app presentation)
Node.js (web server)
MERN[18]
MongoDB (database)
Express.js (app controller layer)
React.js (web app presentation)
Node.js (web server)
MEVN[19]
MongoDB (database)
Express.js (app controller layer)
Vue.js (web app presentation)
Node.js (web server)
NMP[20]
Nginx (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP (programming language)
OpenACS[21]
Linux or Windows (operating system)
AOLserver (web server)
OpenACS (web application framework)
PostgreSQL or Oracle Database (database)
Tcl (scripting language)
SMACK[11]
Apache Spark (big data and MapReduce)
Apache Mesos (node startup/shutdown)
Akka (toolkit) (actor implementation)
Apache Cassandra (database)
Apache Kafka (messaging)
WAMP[22]
Windows (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP, Perl, or Python (programming language)
WIMP[23]
Windows (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP, Perl, or Python (programming language)
WINS[24]
Windows Server (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
.NET (software framework)
SQL Server (database)
WISA[25]
Windows Server (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
SQL Server (database)
ASP.NET (web framework)
XAMPP[26]
cross-platform (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MariaDB or MySQL (database)
PHP (programming language)
Perl (programming language)
XRX[27]
XML database (database such as BaseX, eXist, MarkLogic Server)
XQuery (Query language)
REST (client interface)
XForms (client)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Solution stack". Computer Desktop Encyclopedia. The Computer Language Company. 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  2. ^ Mimoso, Michael S. (24 February 2003). "Red Hat: Linux served at vertical data center dinner tables". SearchEnterpriseLinux.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09. 
  3. ^ Beal, V. (7 September 2007). "Acronym Guide to Web Stacks". Webopedia. Quinstreet, Inc. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  4. ^ Ferguson, R. (2002). Using Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server. Que Publishing. p. 616. ISBN 9780789725707. 
  5. ^ Anderson, G.W. (2003). SAP Planning: Best Practices in Implementation. Sams. p. 13. ISBN 9780789728753. 
  6. ^ Dzonsons, K. "BCHS Stack". Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  7. ^ Chhajed, S. (2015). "Chapter 1: Introduction to ELK Stack". Learning ELK Stack. Packt Publishing Ltd. pp. 1–22. ISBN 9781785886706. 
  8. ^ "Ganeti installation tutorial". Ganeti Documentation. Google, Inc. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  9. ^ Glynn, A. (3 June 2015). "A Beginners' Guide to Installing and Configuring GLASS: Gemstone 64/S Smalltalk / Seaside / Application Server / Object Database Server Environment". Horizons of Identity. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  10. ^ "JAMstack". Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c d Frampton, M. (2018). Complete Guide to Open Source Big Data Stack. Apress. p. 7. ISBN 9781484221495. 
  12. ^ Rittinghouse, J.W.; Ransome, J.F. (2017). Cloud Computing: Implementation, Management, and Security. CRC Press. p. PT184. ISBN 9781351615365. 
  13. ^ Kaisler, S.H.; Amour, F.; Espinosa, A.; Money, W.H. (2015). Obtaining Value from Big Data for Service Delivery. Business Expert Press. p. PT69. ISBN 9781631572234. 
  14. ^ "LEMP Stack Info". LEMP.io. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  15. ^ Johnston, C. (18 February 2009). "Setting up a LLMP Stack (Linux, Lighttpd, MySQL, PHP5) on Ubuntu 8.10". ChrisJohnston.org. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  16. ^ "Solution Stack". Idiosyncratic Knowledge. 9 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016. 
  17. ^ Coucouvanis, N. (2007). "Get Your Wiki On". Mac Life (5): 83–86. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  18. ^ Wilson, E. (2018). "Chapter 1: Introduction to the MERN Stack". MERN Quick Start Guide. Packt Publishing Ltd. pp. 7–13. ISBN 9781787280045. 
  19. ^ Sharma, A. (2018). "Chapter 1: Introducing MEVN". Full-Stack Web Development with Vue.js and Node. Packt Publishing Ltd. pp. 6–30. ISBN 9781788830775. 
  20. ^ Luna, F. (2017). Programador Web Full Stack: Desarrollo frontend y backend. RedUSERS. pp. 17–18. 
  21. ^ "OpenACS: What it is and why to use it". OpenACS.org. OpenACS Community. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  22. ^ "WAMP". Softaculous Ltd. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  23. ^ "Tutorial: Installing a WIMP Server on an Amazon EC2 Instance Running Windows Server". AWS Documentation. Amazon Web Services, Inc. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  24. ^ Evgen (28 January 2018). "How to Choose Your Technology Stack for Web Development". GBKSOFT Blog. GBKSOFT Dev LLC. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  25. ^ Sachdeva, B. (27 May 2009). "Which Web Application Stack Is Best for Me?". developer.com. QuinStreet, Inc. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  26. ^ "XAMPP Apache + MariaDB + PHP + Perl". Apache Friends. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  27. ^ McCreary, D. "XRX". danmccreary.com. Retrieved 6 July 2018.