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Solva is located in Pembrokeshire
Location within Pembrokeshire
Population865 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSM802243
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSA62
Dialling code01437
FireMid and West Wales
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
51°52′26″N 5°11′38″W / 51.874°N 5.194°W / 51.874; -5.194Coordinates: 51°52′26″N 5°11′38″W / 51.874°N 5.194°W / 51.874; -5.194

Solva (Welsh: Solfach) is a village, community and electoral ward in Pembrokeshire, Wales. The village comprises principally Lower Solva and Upper Solva.


Solva lies on the north side of St Bride's Bay, in North Pembrokeshire in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park and on the Pembrokeshire Coast Path.[2] It lies on a deep valley at the mouth of the River Solva. In the valley is Lower Solva, consisting of a long street ending at the small harbour. Most of the modern development has been in Upper Solva, on the cliff top to the west of the harbour.


Solva c.1830 by engraver Henry Gastineau
Solva Harbour showing Lime Kilns
Solvach Bay and harbour, 1748

The village church honours Saint Aidan and is part of the parish of Whitchurch.[3]

The rocks at the entrance to Solva Harbour made it one of the most sheltered anchorages between Fishguard and Milford Haven.[4] Solva became the main trading centre of St Bride's Bay in the medieval period, and was important for lime burning. A prominent row of lime kilns is preserved at the harbour edge. In the 19th century, Solva had around 30 registered trading ships.[5] The fading coastal trade has been replaced by tourism, and the harbour is now a boating centre.

The village was the location for Wales' first butterfly farm, Solva Nectarium, which opened in 1979.[6]


Solva Harbour is a good example of a ria - a flooded coastal valley or inlet. Local rocks contain fossils from the Cambrian period,[7] and the village gives its name to this rock sequence.


An electoral ward of the same name exists. This ward extends to Brawdy and in fact some of the community was transferred there. The total population of the ward at the 2011 census was 1,877.[8]

Traditional events[edit]

Every year on Easter Monday Solva hosts a Duck Race for charity. The ducks are released into the River Solva near Middle Mill and float down stream to Solva harbour. The winner is the first to cross under the footbridge in lower Solva car park.[9]

Each summer, Solva hosts a Regatta which features rowing for adults and children.

Amenities and attractions[edit]

The local cliff coast is popular with walkers, and the classic cliff exposures of Cambrian rocks attract amateur and professional geologists.[citation needed]

Solva Woollen Mill, located at the nearby village of Middle Mill, claims to be the oldest continuously working woollen mill in Pembrokeshire. Today the mill mostly manufactures carpets and rugs. There is a tearoom and a shop, and visitors are able to see the looms at work.[10]

Notable people[edit]

  • The musician David Gray moved with his parents to Solva at the age of 8, and attended Solva Community School.[11][12] His parents ran the "Window on Wales" craft shop in the village.[13]
  • Ex-professional footballer Simon Davies, who played for Fulham and represented Wales, was brought up in Solva. His career started as a teenager at Solva AFC, and it was here that he was talent-spotted.[14]
  • Meic Stevens, the notable Welsh singer/songwriter, was born in Solva, and spent much of his early life here.[15] In 2002 he released a song and album called Ysbryd Solfa ("The Spirit of Solfa") which contained songs about his childhood in Solva during the 1940s and early 1950s.[16][17]
  • Frances Hodgkins painted in Solva in 1936 and 1938, commenting in a letter to a friend in 1936:

    I have been working moderately hard, moderately successful in a landscape of steep valleys speedy rivers & castles looking like their own mountains but it takes a long long time to acquire a little idiom & rhythm in paint - if ever - Such nice gentle people I was among at Solva, mostly bird watchers & such all terribly poor.[18]

TV & Film[edit]

In June 2014 Solva was used as a location for the filming of Dylan Thomas's Under Milkwood.[19]


  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  2. ^ Pembrokeshire Coast Path Retrieved 18 December 2011
  3. ^ GENUKI. "[ Whitchurch (Tre-groes)]".
  4. ^ Raggett, Jean; Raggett, P (2003). Solva — An Introduction to Village Life. Paul Raggett. p. 3.
  5. ^ Raggett, Jean; Raggett, P (2003). Solva — An Introduction to Village Life. Paul Raggett.
  6. ^ Beauty is a Butterfly, County Echo, 25 September 1984, p.7
  7. ^ "Solva". Pembrokeshire Outdoors. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2008.
  8. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Solva Duck Race". Retrieved 19 May 2007.
  10. ^ "Welcome to Solva Woollen Mill". Solva Woollen Mill. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  11. ^ Pembrokeshire website - David Gray Revisits Solva
  12. ^ The Independent - David Gray profile
  13. ^ The Times On-Line - Local Knowledge : Pembrokeshire
  14. ^ "Former Fulham FC star Simon Davies plays in Solva friendly (From Western Telegraph)". 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  15. ^ BBC - Meic Stevens biography
  16. ^ Na-nog website Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ BBC Radio Cymru
  18. ^ "Frances Hodgkins: A centenary exhibition" (PDF). Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Solva taken over for Under Milkwood filming", BBC News, 23 June 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Grime, Anna. A Living Thing: Solva Woollen Mill, 104 years on. Pembrokeshire Life September 2011: 18-19

Images of Solva[edit]

External links[edit]