|Place of origin||Russia|
|Associated cuisine||Latvian, Ukrainian, Russia|
|Main ingredients||Meat, fish, or mushrooms, pickled cucumbers with brine; often potatoes, cabbage, smetana, dill|
Solyanka (Russian: соля́нка, initially селя́нка; [sɐˈlʲankə] in English "Settlers' Soup") is a thick and sour soup of Russian origin that is common in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other states of the former Soviet Union and certain parts of the former Eastern Bloc. It was one of the most popular dishes of the former East Germany (German: Soljanka(-Suppe)).
There are three basic types of solyanka, with the main ingredient being either meat, fish, or mushrooms. All of them contain pickled cucumbers with brine, and often cabbage, salted mushrooms, potatoes, smetana (sour cream), and dill. The soup is prepared by cooking the cucumbers with brine before adding the other ingredients to the broth.
- For meat solyanka, ingredients like beef, ham, sausages, chicken breast together with cucumber pickles, tomatoes, onions, olives, capers, allspice, parsley, and dill are all cut fine and mixed in a pot. The broth is added, and heated for a short time on the stove, without boiling.
- Fish solyanka is prepared similarly, but soup vegetables are cooked in the broth. The meat is replaced with fish such as sturgeon, salmon, and freshwater crayfish. Finally, some lemon juice is added to the soup.
- For mushroom solyanka, cut cabbage is heated in butter together with vinegar, tomatoes, cucumber pickles, and a little brine. Separately, mushrooms and onions are heated, and grated lemon zest is added. Cabbage and mushrooms are added in layers, breadcrumbs and butter are added, and the soup is briefly baked.
Solyanka is also popular in the former East Germany (the current German states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia, along with the eastern half of Berlin), where it is commonly found in restaurants and available in canned form in grocery stores. (The German transliteration is Soljanka.) This practice stems from the era when Soviet troops were stationed in the GDR, and Soljanka was found on the menu at many East German restaurants. The former German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who was raised in East Germany, is fond of Solyanka.
- ^ From Peasant to Pleasant. The Cuisine of Latvia (PDF). The Latvian Institute. 2014. p. 9. ISBN 978-9-98-473651-8. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- ^ Похлёбкин, Вильям (1983). Национальные кухни наших народов. p. 9.
- ^ Георгієвський, Микола (1967). Українська кухня. p. 6.
- ^ Солянка мясная сборная / Meat solyanka(rus.)
- ^ Суп рыбная солянка классическая / Classic fish solyanka(rus.)
- ^ Грибная солянка с капустой/ Mushroom solyanka with cabbage(rus.)
- ^ Connolly, Kate (28 September 2010), "Angela Merkel reveals her East German food stockpiling habit", The Guardian, Berlin, retrieved 2014-07-17,
I'm particularly fond of solyanka (a meat and pickled vegetable soup), letcho (a Hungarian vegetable stew) and shashlik (a spicy kebab)