Commune and town
|• Mayor||Naoufel Ben Dhia (Ennahda)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
Attached administratively to the governorate of Nabeul, it constitutes a municipality with 7,017 inhabitants in 20142. It was created by a decree of April 2, 1966.
The city was built on a hilly site at the foot of the last foothills of the mountain range of the Tunisian ridge. It would be on the site of an ancient mausoleum dating back to the second century BC. J. - C., as Fernand Benoit thinks in 19314. Besides, the name of the city comes from the classical Arabic çawma'a designating the top of a hill or a high place inhabited by a hermit4.
Some ruins date from Carthaginian and Roman times, as shown by a coin discovered on the spot and dated from the reign of Trajan. In late antiquity a Christian bishopric was founded in the town, then called Praesidium.
Sidi Ali al-Çum'î, mystic of the 13th century, is the patron saint of the city. According to oral tradition, he is the ancestor of the majority of inhabitants.
The road connecting Somâa and Béni Khiar was enlarged in 1925 and two Franco-Arab schools built in 1927 and 1952.
On December 16, 1942, a Neo-Destour cell was founded in Somâa; militants were arrested by the French army on January 28, 1952, and deported to Zaraoura in the south of the country.
- (in French) Recensement de 2004 (Institut national de la statistique) Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Décret du 2 avril 1966 portant création d'une commune à Somâa, Journal officiel de la République tunisienne, n°16, 1er avril 1966, p. 576.
- Lucette Valensi, Fellahs tunisiens, éd. Walter de Gruyter, (Berlin, 1977), p. 216.
- Jean Ganiage, « La population de la Tunisie vers 1860. Essai d'évaluation d'après les registres fiscaux », Population, vol. 21, n°5, (1966), p. 883.