Somali Navy

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Somali Navy
Ciidamada Badda Soomaaliya
Somali Navy.svg
Emblem of the Somali Navy
Founded1965
Country Somalia
BranchNavy
RoleNaval Warfare and Coast Guard
Part ofSomali Armed Forces
Garrison/HQMogadishu
Kismayo
Berbera
Merca
Motto(s)Soomaaali: Isku Tiirsada!
English: Support each other!
ColorsBlue, Gold         
Commanders
Current
commander
Admiral Xasan Nuur Colujoog
Notable
commanders

The Somali Navy (Somali: Ciidamada Badda Soomaaliyeed, Arabic: القوات البحرية الصومالية‎) is the naval warfare service branch of the Somali Armed Forces. Before independence in 1960, the Somali Navy was established in conjunction with the Italian Navy, the latter of which also helped maintain security in Somali waters. During the post-independence period, the Somali Navy mostly did maritime patrols so as to prevent ships illegally infringing on the nation's maritime borders. The Somali Navy and Somali Air Force also regularly collaborated. In addition, the Somali Navy carried out Search and Rescue (SAR) missions.

History[edit]

The Somali Navy was founded in 1965 with the help of Soviet military advisers. Its mandate was the protection of Somali waters, including its economic exclusive zone. It had its bases in Berbera, on the Gulf of Aden and Kismayo on the Indian Ocean near the border with Kenya. It also operated a radar facility in Merca.[1] Its inventory consisted of Soviet-made patrol crafts.[1] In 1977, Siad Barre terminated the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with Moscow and expelled all Soviet military advisers from Somalia due to their intervention the Ogaden War.[2] Thus much of the naval equipment fell into disrepair and the navy was not operational from 1991.[1]

Ranks[edit]

Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Somalia Somalia
(Edit)
No equivalent
15-Somali Navy-MG.svg 14-Somali Navy-BG.svg 13-Somali Navy-COL.svg 12-Somali Navy-LTC.svg 11-Somali Navy-MAJ.svg 10-Somali Navy-CPT.svg 09-Somali Navy-1LT.svg 08-Somali Navy-2LT.svg Unknown
Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Ensign
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Somalia Somalia
(Edit)
07-Somali Navy-CWO.svg 06-Somali Navy-WO3.svg 05-Somali Navy-WO2.svg 04-Somali Navy-WO1.svg 03-Somali Navy-SGT.svg No equivalent 02-Somali Navy-CPL.svg 01-Somali Navy-PFC.svg No insignia
Chief Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Class 3 Warrant Officer Class 2 Warrant Officer Class 1 Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Seaman

Re-establishment[edit]

In June 2009, the Somali navy was re-established with a new commander appointed: Admiral Farah Omar Ahmed. Up to 500 marines were training in Mogadishu, with their training expected to finish in December 2009. They were reported as the first batch of a 5000 strong navy force.[3] In addition, a visiting Somali delegation to Turkey in 2011 tabled a request for two search-and-rescue ships and six coast guard boats. Worth some 250 million euros, it is intended to turn the new Somali navy into a stronger naval force capable of curbing piracy and protecting its coastline.[4] It is said by Admiral Omar that the recruits are being paid $60 per month.[5]

In August 2011 a Transitional Federal Government-Puntland cooperative agreement called for the creation of a Somali Marine Force.[6]

On June 30, 2012, UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Mohammed Gargash announced that his administration would contribute $1 million toward enhancing Somalia's naval security capacity. The funds would enable the Somali authorities in collaboration with international partners to acquire the boats, equipment and communication gear necessary for the rebuilding of the coast guard. A central operations naval command was also slated to be set up in Mogadishu.[7]

Equipment[edit]

Two Somali Navy missile boats in August 1983.

The following was the Somali Navy's major equipment:[8]

Type Description Country of Manufacture Inventory
Missile boat
Osa-II missile-armed fast attack craft Missile boat  Soviet Union 2
Mol PFT torpedo-armed fast attack craft 4
Patrol boats
Poluchat-class patrol boats Patrol torpedo boat  Soviet Union 5

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lehr, ed. by Peter (2007). Violence at sea : piracy in the age of global terrorism. New York [u.a.]: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415953207.
  2. ^ "Country Data - Somalia". Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Somalia gets new navy force after years of absence". English.people.com.cn. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  4. ^ "TURKEY - Starving Somalia asks for coast guard ships". hurriyetdailynews.com.
  5. ^ "BBC News - Somali navy chief: World's worst job?". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Somalia: Puntland President Speech at Constitutional Conference in Garowe". Maritimesecurity.asia. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  7. ^ "UAE committed to contribute US$1 million to support Somali naval security capabilities, says Gargash". UAE Interact. 30 June 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  8. ^ Polmar, Norman (1991). The Naval Institute guide to the Soviet Navy. Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9780870212413.