List of political parties in Somalia
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Overview and background
During the civilian administration which existed prior to the seizure of power by the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) in 1969, there were a number of local political parties. Most notable of these early institutions was the Somali Youth League, the nation's first political organization. Upon assuming office, the SRC (led by Siad Barre) outlawed all extant political parties, and advocated a form of scientific socialism inspired by Maoist China and the Soviet Union. Following the outbreak of the civil war in 1991 that saw the ouster of the Barre regime, many of the few remaining political parties gave way to autonomous or semi-autonomous regional states, or fragmented into feuding militia groups. After several unsuccessful national reconciliation efforts, a Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was formed in 2004 with a five-year mandate leading toward the establishment of a new constitution and a transition to a representative government. The Federal Government of Somalia was established on August 20, 2012, concurrent with the end of the TFG's interim mandate. It represents the first permanent central government in the country since the start of the civil war.
On 3 December 2017, the Independent Electoral Commission began registering political parties in Somalia for the first time in 50 years.
The following is a list of political parties in Somalia at the national and regional level.
- CAHDİ PARTY – A liberal party founded in 2012, led by Abdirahman Ibrahim. Based in Mogadishu, it has a justice and development platform.
- Cosmopolitan Democratic Party – A liberal party established in May 2015, led by Yarow Sharef Aden.
- Daljir party – A conservative democratic party established in December 8, 2014. It was founded by the following: Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, Abdilqadir Ali Omar, Ahmed Moallim Fiqi, and Hassan Moalim, among others.
- Democratic Green Party of Somalia (DGPS) – A green party led by Abdullahi Y. Mahamoud, with an emphasis on environmental protection and preservation. Member of the African Green Federation and Global Greens.
- Democratic Party of Somalia (DPS) – Nationalist party formed in 2010 by Maslah Mohamed Siad, son of former President of Somalia Siad Barre.
- Green Leaf for Democracy (GLED) – Organization with a focus on youth empowerment, employment, and advocacy.
- Hiil Qaran – Founded in February 2011. It was led at its establishment by former Prime Minister Abdirizak Haji Hussein and scholars Abdi Ismail Samatar and Ahmed Ismail Samatar.
- Justice and Communist Party – Founded in November 2014, based in Mogadishu. It is led by former Mayor of Mogadishu Mohamed Nur. It has a justice, unity and development platform.
- Liberal Party of Somalia
- Peace and Development Party (PDP) – An Islamic democratic party established on April 17, 2014. It was founded by Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, former President of Somalia.
- Somali National Party (SNP) – Nationalist party founded and chaired by Mohammed Ameen Saeed Ahmed.
- Somali People's Party (Xisbiga Ummadda Somaliyeed) – Political party led by chairman and founder Mahamud Hassan Rage. It has a socially themed platform.
- Somalia Green Party – Local green party of Somalia. Member of the Horn of African Greens in the Federation of Green Parties of Africa.
- Tayo (TPP) – Political party launched in early 2012, with a socially-themed platform. Founded by former Prime Minister of Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmajo), who serves as its Secretary-General. Chaired by former Minister of Social Development Maryam Qaasim.
- Tiir Party – Youth-based political association founded in July 2006. Led by chairman Fadhil Sheikhmohamud, it promotes social development through a broad-based, inclusive platform anchored in Islamic principles.
- United and Democratic Party (UDP) – (Nationalist) Political party founded in January 2014. Led by former Deputy Defense Minister and MP Salad Ali Jelle. Based in Mogadishu, it has a nationalist platform.
- United Somali Parliamentarians – Major party which supported the former Prime Minister.
- Xisbiga Midnimo-Qaran (National Unity Party) – National political party announced to the public in February 2014. Led by chairman Dr. Abdurahman Baadiyow, a former 2012 presidential candidate.
- Xisbiga Dadka Soomaaliyeed (The Somali People's Party) – Political party led by Chairman Uthman GAFOW and Founder Abdulghaffar WARDHERE. It has a socially themed platform. Founded in June 2013. Their main aim is to bring the greater Somalia great again..
- Horseed – Political party established on 14 November 2012 in the northeastern Puntland region. Led by Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole, the association counts over 200 members and represents the incumbent Puntland government, including Vice President Abdisamad Ali Shire and the state Ministers. It is the first prospective party to register for an application with the Transitional Puntland Electoral Commission (TPEC).
- Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye Nabad, Midnimo iyo horumar, also known as Solidarity / The Gathering / Union and Development) – Political party in the northwestern Somaliland region. The association's chairman is Muse Bihi Abdi.
- For Justice and Development (Ururka Caddaalada iyo Daryeelka, also known as the Justice and Welfare Party) – Political party in the Somaliland region. The association's chairman is Faysal Ali Warabe.
- United Peoples' Democratic Party (Ururka dimuqraadiga ummadda bahawday, also known as Allied People's Democratic Party / United Democratic People's Party / National Alliance Democratic Party / Pillar) – Political party in the Somaliland region. The association's chairman is Dahir Riyale Kahin, who is a former President of Somaliland.
- Wadani (Wadaani) – Political party in the Somaliland region. The association's chairman is Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi.
- SRP (Somali Reconciliation Party) Waa xisbiga heshhiisiinta iyo sinaanta
- Metz, Helen C. (ed.) (1992), "Coup d'Etat", Somalia: A Country Study, Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, retrieved October 21, 2009 .
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- Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
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- Democratic Green Party of Somalia Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine.
- Democratic Party of Somalia Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
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- "Hiil Qaran - Charter & Core Members". 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
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- "Somali National Party". thesnp.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "Somali People's Party". Somali People's Party. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- Former PM Farmajo Forms New Political Party Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Tiir Party". Tiir Party. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "New Political Party Launched in Somalia Capital". Afrimedia. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "The National Unity Party - Unity - Peace - Prosperity". The National Unity Party. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- . The SomaliPeople'sParty Party http://www.thespp.org/eng/index.php/en/. Retrieved 23 June 2013. Missing or empty
- "Somalia: Puntland President announces political association". Garowe Online. 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 23 November 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.