Somaliland Police

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Somaliland Police
Agency overview
Formed 1993
Preceding agency Somaliland Police Force
Employees Unknown
Annual budget Unknown
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* Region of Somaliland, Somalialand
Regions of Somaliland.png
Map of Somaliland Police's jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Hargeisa
Sworn members Unknown
Agency executive Cabdilaahi Fadal Iman, General
Units Special Protection Unit (SPU)
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Somaliland Police is a body in charge of law enforcement in the autonomous northwestern Somaliland region of Somalialand.


The Somaliland Police falls under the Minister of Interior. It also works closely with the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) and the military. The force was founded in 1993 out of several militant organizations that had helped overthrow the Siyad Barre regime in 1991; notably the Somali National Movement (SNM).[1] It is divided up by each of Somaliland's administrative regions: Gabiley, Maakhir, Cayn, Salal, Sarar, Odweyne, and Hawd. Each region has a police commandant and commissioned officers. The police are tasked with carrying out criminal investigation, patrolling, and traffic management. There are also a small number of anti-riot personnel. In addition, a British-trained Special Protection Unit (SPU) is tasked with the protection of leaders and foreign dignitaries.[2] In 2005, the armed forces and the police received 46 percent of the Somaliland budget. Most of this money went to salaries and allowances.[3]

The US State Department's 2010 Human Rights Reports in Somalia observed that the Somaliland Police were firmly under civilian control, had not committed any unlawful killings (including demonstrators), were not conducting arbitrarily or politically motivated arrests, and were not committing torture or rape (but were also not taking direction action against people who were). The report noted that the prisons were improving, due to UN supervision. Half of the 765 prisoners in the Mandheera Prison were detained on the orders of regional or district security committees.[4]

The Somaliland Police commissioner is General Cbadilaahi Fadal Iman [5] He replaced Mahamed Saqadhi Dubad.[6] The Deputy Police Commissioner of Somaliland is Abdi Rahman Liban.[7][8]


As of 2003, there were eight police stations and 24 police posts in Hargeisa.[9]


  • Special Police Unit (SPU) and Criminal Investigation Department (CID).[7][10]
  • In spite of the Special Police Unite (SPU), the Somaliland government started training almost 70 soldiers as a Rapid Response Unit (RRU),[11] finishing training for a second team, almost 100 soldiers, on March 14, 2013. The Rapid Response Unit is trained for emergency responses, including terrorism acts, firing, first aid, and protecting.[12]

Since at least 2010, the UNDP has been working on reforming and training the Somaliland police force. In 2010 they were also making an effort to align/merge the maritime police with the civilian police.[13]

Line units[edit]

Due to lack of funds and an arms embargo on Somalia as a whole, the guns used by the Somaliland Police belong to the individual soldiers themselves. Before joining the army, both former combatants and new recruits, are required to report for an agonizing recruitment process with their guns. A similar process is observed in other disciplined forces, including the police.[14]


Mandera or Mandeerha Academy[15]


  • May 2008 - Simultaneous explosions in Hargeisa targeting the UNDP, the Somaliland Elections Commission, and the Ethiopian embassy, as well as Puntland administration offices in Bossasso, killed 20 persons and injured 37. On May 28, a Hargeisa regional court arraigned 11 suspects in the attack. In July the court acquitted nine of the suspects for lack of evidence and sentenced two others to a jail term of 18 months each for obstruction of justice. The court also delivered in absentia death sentences to five suspects who were on the run. On September 16, Somaliland security arrested Osman Yusuf Odawa, one of the suspected masterminds who had already been sentenced to death by hanging; he remained in custody awaiting the implementation of this sentence.[4]
  • September 2009 - Somaliland authorities arrested and detained more than 100 persons, including several opposition leaders, after four persons were killed during demonstrations in Hargeisa.[4]
  • June 19, 2011 - Two "soldiers" killed in a bomb attack on a police station in Las Anod, Sool region.[16]
  • October 27, 2011 - Police condemned by National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) for beating a journalist in Hargeisa in broad daylight, allegedly for taking several pictures.[17]
  • November 27, 2011 - Commander of the Central Investigative Unit (CID) of Sool, Mohamud Mohamed Hirsi, is gunned down in Las Anod; his deputy, Arab Warsame, is also wounded.[18]