Somdet Chaophraya Sri Suriwongse

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Somdet Chao Phraya
Sri Suriwongse
MPCh MWM PC
สมเด็จเจ้าพระยาบรมมหาศรีสุริยวงศ์
Sri Suriyawongse.JPG
Regent of Siam
In office
1868–1873
Monarch Chulalongkorn (Rama V)
Preceded by Prayurawongse
Succeeded by Saovabha Phongsri
Chancellor of Defence
In office
1855–1869
Monarch Mongkut (Rama IV)
Preceded by Prayurawongse
Succeeded by Surawongwaiwat
Commander of the Royal Palace Navy
In office
1851–1869
Monarch Mongkut (Rama IV)
Preceded by Inaugural holder
Succeeded by Surawongwaiwat
Personal details
Born (1808-12-23)23 December 1808
Siam
Died 19 January 1883(1883-01-19) (aged 74)
Ratchaburi, Siam
Nationality Siamese
Mother Than Phuying Chan Bunnag
Father Prayurawongse

Somdet Chaophraya Borom Maha Sri Suriwongse (Thai: สมเด็จเจ้าพระยาบรมมหาศรีสุริยวงศ์, RTGS... Si Suriwong, IPA: [sǒm.dèt t͡ɕâːw.pʰrá.jaː bɔː.rom má.hǎ: sǐː sù.rí.woŋ]; also spelled Suriyawong, etc; 23 December 1808 – 19 January 1883), whose personal name was Chuang Bunnag (Thai: ช่วง บุนนาค; RTGSChuang Bunnak; IPA: [t͡ɕʰûaŋ bun.nâ:k]), was a prominent 19th century Thai figure who served as the regent during the early years of the reign of King Chulalongkorn.

A member of a family of Persian origin,[1] Si Suriyawongse was born the eldest son of Dis Bunnag (Prayurawongse) and Than Phuying Chan. Chuang was well educated for the time. King Mongkut made him Samuha Kalahom (สมุหกลาโหม), one of the two chancellors of old Siam.

Role[edit]

Sri Suriyawongse was one of the most important figures in Mongkut's court. As he was the main supporter of Prince Mongkut to be enthroned, he eventually held the position of Samuha Kalahom. He was well known to be a pro-British official, or as a "new generation" among court officials. He was interested in Western learning in various fields such as science, engineering, and steamship building. He had a close relation with Prince Mongkut, the future Rama IV, supporting him in welcoming British influence and Western learning. He also had a positive relationship with early Protestant missionaries, whom he valued for their scientific knowledge and ability to teach English. He was a key figure in promoting the Siam-British relationship, culminating in the Bowring Treaty in 1855, cementing the economic relationship with Britain.

After the death of King Mongkut in 1868, his young son Prince Chulalongkorn became the new monarch. However, as the new king was underage, Sri Suriwongse was named as regent, a post he held until 1873.

He died in 1883 in Ratchaburi. Sri Suriwongse was the first Thai to have a life insurance policy, after King Rama V granted foreign companies permission to introduce their insurance business to Siam.

His son Won Bunnag succeeded him as Samuha Kalahom and also held the title Chao Phraya Surawongse.

Royal decorations[edit]

Sri Suriwongse received the following royal decorations in the honours system of Thailand:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Highest rank of the order in that era.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chris Baker, Pasuk Phongpaichit. A History of Thailand. Cambridge University Press. p. 282. ISBN 0-521-81615-7.

External links[edit]