Someone to Watch Over Me (song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"Someone to Watch Over Me"
Song
LanguageEnglish
Published1926 by Harms, Inc.
GenrePop, vocal jazz
Composer(s)George Gershwin
Lyricist(s)Ira Gershwin, Howard Dietz

"Someone to Watch Over Me" is a 1926 song composed by George Gershwin with lyrics by Ira Gershwin, assisted by Howard Dietz who penned the title.[1] It was written for the musical Oh, Kay! (1926), with the part originally sung on Broadway by English actress Gertrude Lawrence while holding a rag doll in a sentimental solo scene.[2] The successful musical ran for more than 200 performances in New York and then saw equivalent acclaim in London in 1927; all with the song as its centerpiece. Lawrence released the song as a medium-tempo single which rose to number 2 on the charts in 1927.[3]

Initially, "Someone to Watch Over Me" was written by George Gershwin as a "fast and jazzy" up-tempo swing tune[4][5] – marked scherzando (playful) in the sheet music[3] – but in the 1930s and 1940s it was covered by singers in a slower ballad form, which became the standard. The definitive slow torch song version was first released by Lee Wiley in 1939,[6] followed by Margaret Whiting in 1944. More than 1,800 recordings of the song have been published, almost all of them performed in the slow ballad style.[7]

The song was recorded by Frank Sinatra in 1946 for his first album The Voice Of Frank Sinatra, and again in 1954 for the film Young At Heart. Sinatra's popular recordings helped cement the standard slow style.[7] "Someone to Watch Over Me" was notably covered by Ella Fitzgerald (1951), Chet Baker (1955), Sarah Vaughan (1957), Dakota Staton (1960), Barbra Streisand (1965), Ray Charles (1969), Willie Nelson (1978), Rickie Lee Jones (2000), Elton John (2002) and Amy Winehouse (2008).[8] Nelson Riddle arranged two lush orchestral versions, one backing Keely Smith in 1959 on Swingin' Pretty, and the other for Linda Ronstadt in 1983 on What's New – the latter album winning a Grammy Award.

Howard Dietz, who was involved in composing other songs in Oh Kay! while Ira Gershwin was hospitalized for six weeks for a ruptured appendix, claimed he helped write the lyrics to "Someone to Watch Over Me". He was not named in the song credits, and he was paid very little for his contribution.[5] Dietz said in his 1974 memoir that the title of the song was his invention,[9] a fact that was first revealed by Ira in his 1959 book Lyrics on Several Occasions.[1]

Lawrence's performances of the song in 1926 and 1927 were presented in a solo scene at the beginning of Act II, with Lawrence wearing a maid's uniform and singing to a rag doll that she held in her hand.[5] The rag doll was described in male gender terms by George Gershwin in 1934, saying "I don't know where he is now... he certainly did his part well." George said he found the doll in a toy shop in Philadelphia where the play was in development, and he thrust the doll upon Lawrence to use as a prop in the scene, to increase the sense of her character's vulnerability. This late addition surprised the play's director. One observer in 2017 identified the doll as Raggedy Ann.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Steve Sullivan (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. p. 468. ISBN 9780810882966.
  2. ^ ""Someone To Watch Over Me": Song History, Commentary, Discography, Performances on Video". greatamericansongbook.net. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  3. ^ a b Ted Gioia (2012). The Jazz Standards: A Guide to the Repertoire. Oxford University Press. p. 382. ISBN 9780199769155.
  4. ^ Rosenberg, Deena Ruth (1991). Fascinating Rhythm: The Collaboration of George and Ira Gershwin. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08469-2.
  5. ^ a b c Jeremy Wilson. "Jazz Standards Songs and Instrumentals (Someone to Watch Over Me)". www.jazzstandards.com. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  6. ^ Colin Bratkovich (2014). Just Remember This. p. 43. ISBN 9781483645193.
  7. ^ a b Ben Yagoda (2015). The B Side: The Death of Tin Pan Alley and the Rebirth of the Great American Song. Penguin. p. 36. ISBN 9780698172517.
  8. ^ "Cover versions of Someone To Watch Over Me". secondhandsongs.com. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  9. ^ Peter Filichia (August 4, 2015). "Oh, Kay! is More than Okay". Masterworks Broadway. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  10. ^ Rachel Fernandes (June 6, 2017). "Raggedy Ann: The Star of 'Someone to Watch Over Me'". M. University of Michigan, School of Music, Theatre and Dance. Retrieved June 17, 2020.

Further reading[edit]