Somerset Region

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Somerset Region
Queensland
Somerset LGA Qld 2008.png
Location within Queensland
Population 21,639 (2011)[1]
 • Density 4.02100/km2 (10.4143/sq mi)
Established 2008
Area 5,381.5 km2 (2,077.8 sq mi)
Mayor Graeme Lehmann
Council seat Esk
Region West Moreton
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Blair
Somerset logo.gif
Website Somerset Region
LGAs around Somerset Region:
South Burnett Gympie Sunshine Coast
Toowoomba Somerset Region Moreton Bay
Lockyer Valley Ipswich Brisbane

The Somerset Region is a local government area located in the West Moreton region of South East Queensland, Australia, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Brisbane and centred on the town of Esk. It was created in 2008 from a merger of the Shire of Esk and the Shire of Kilcoy. It is commonly known as the Brisbane Valley, due to the Brisbane River which courses through the region,[2] although significant parts of the region lie outside the hydrological Brisbane Valley itself.

The Esk and Kilcoy Shires were amalgamated to consolidate the water catchments for the Wivenhoe and Somerset Dams. The Local Government Reform Commission identified that the long-term future of Somerset would be as a major water catchment for the SEQ region with farming being the main economic activity within a water catchment management regime. The "planning strategy and land use policies" implemented by the Somerset Regional Council are therefore "directed this end".[3]

The Somerset Regional Council, which administers the region, has an estimated operating budget of A$50 million. (Council’s 2011/2012 budget adopted in June 2012 showed total operating revenue of A$50,049,250[4]). The Somerset region comprises the primary water catchment for the Somerset and Wivenhoe Dams that form an essential part of the water supply grid for South East Queensland.[5]

History[edit]

The earliest sections of Bellevue Homestead date from the 1870s.
Horse-drawn wagons at the Lowood Railway Station with the Queensland Farmer's Co-Op. Ltd on the opposite side of the street.[6]

Indigenous history[edit]

The traditional owners of the Brisbane Valley district are the Jagera, Yuppera and Ugarapul people who occupied the region for thousands of years prior to European settlement.[7]

European exploration[edit]

The Somerset region in South East Queensland was originally settled by European pastoralists in the 1840s after the New South Wales Government had opened up the land around the penal colony at Moreton Bay. The pioneers of this region sought land along the Brisbane and Stanley Rivers for raising sheep. There were several exploration maps to guide them. John Oxley discovered the Brisbane River in December 1823 with a castaway John Finnegan as his guide who had been shipwrecked on Moreton Island and cared for by the indigenous peoples there. Oxley's recommendations lead to a penal colony being established at Redcliffe (1824) and Brisbane the following year. Before this penal colony was closed in 1839 Botanist and explorer Alan Cunningham had discovered Spicers Gap (1827) and Cunninghams Gap (1828) through the Great Dividing Range that would link the Darling Downs with Ipswich and Brisbane. He had also climbed Mount Esk, crossed Lockyer's Plains (later Cressbrook), named a unique bend in the Brisbane River near Wivenhoe "Pedal Bight" and climbed Lister's Peak situated two miles south east of Linville. John Gray had explored to Fernvale; Edmund Lockyer had mapped the junction of the Stanley and Brisbane rivers and Mount Brisbane in 1826 and by 1830 Captain Patrick Logan, Commandant of the penal colony of Moreton Bay had discovered the Logan River (1829), the Bremer River (1827) and explored the Brisbane and Stanley rivers and possibly Kilcoy Creek (1830). He is thought to have been killed by indigenous tribesmen near Wivenhoe on the Brisbane River on 18 October 1830.[8]

Settlement[edit]

According to Henry Stuart Russell the early settlers of the Brisbane Valley followed in the footsteps of Walter & Patrick Leslie.[9] They had "blazed a trail to the Darling Downs, marking the first tree at Wyndam's Stockyards, down the Severn River which they crossed near Texas and thence to the Condamine River between Tummaville and Ellangowan where, at Leslie's Crossing Place, the marked tree line ended."[10] From the Downs the settlers crossed the Great Dividing Range at the new Gormans Gap, discovered by Owen Gorman and then followed Lockyer Creek to Tarampa and up the Brisbane and Stanley rivers to their headwaters. The first settlers on the eastern side of the Great Dividing Range as listed by Russell were "Cocky" Rogers with Mocatta's sheep at Grantham; Somerville at Tent Hill and Richard Jones at Helidon.[9] Following these were Frederick and Francis Edward Bigge (Mt. Brisbane), Evan and Colin Mackenzie (Kilcoy), the McConnel Brothers (David and Frederic) at Cressbrook and the Balfour Brothers (John and Robert) at Colinton.

At the end of August 1843, the Anglican missionary John Gregor[11] spent a fortnight in the Brisbane River valley visiting all the settlers at that time. He saw David Archer at Durundur and his guest Ludwig Leichhardt and then visited the superintendent of Kilcoy station, John Macdonald. He spoke with Frederick and Francis Bigge at Mt. Brisbane, Alexander and Gideon Scott at Mt. Esk (where they only ran cattle) and D.C. McConnel and his superintendent Henry Mort at Cressbrook. He stayed with John Balfour at Colinton, Graham and Ivory at Eskdale, Borthwick and Oliver at Buaraba and Wingate and Fletcher at Lockyer's Creek. From here he returned to Ipswich. Approaching Kilcoy station Gregor had noted "a number of the aborigines, who were very vociferous in their calls of "Name you," but did not attempt to deal us any blows. They were, however, all armed with shields, spears, waddies, and boomerangs". This was the only property "which [Gregor] wish[ed] to leave as soon as possible for several reasons". In 1842, race relations faltered after the deaths of up to 60 Aboriginals at Kilcoy station who were poisoned by flour which was laced with strychnine.[12][13][14] Gregor's diary reference may have been his reaction to information about that atrocity.

Baker's map of 1846 shows the relative positions of the pioneer families of the Somerset region around the Stanley and Brisbane Rivers. Cressbrook is the only property still managed by the pioneering McConnel family, and both the homestead and its Victoria chapel designed by Robin Dods are now on the Queensland Heritage Register.[15][16]

Baker's map of 1846 shows the relative positions of the pioneer families of the Somerset region around the Stanley and Brisbane Rivers.[16]

Two other buildings associated with this early stage of the history of the Somerset region are still available to the public. One is the Bellevue Homestead that was built for the North family and was relocated during the building of the Wivenhoe Dam. The homestead is currently privately owned by John And Laurel Dingle[17] and is open to public.[18] The earliest sections of Bellevue Homestead date from the 1870s and it is now heritage listed and welcomes visitors.[19] The other is a shepherd's slab hut from Colinton Station that has been relocated to the grounds of Ringsfield House, Nanango.

Other historical sites within the Somerset region representing closer settlement, railway development and a wide diversity of business and leisure interests include the Wivenhoe and Stanley Dams, St Andrews Anglican Church & Hall, Toogoolawah[20][21] and St Agnes Church and Rectory, Esk.[22] There are heritage listed war memorials at Esk[23] and at Linville[24] and a dental surgery at Lowood that was originally the Royal Bank of Queensland,[25] the Fire Tower at Jimna,[26] the Lockyer Creek Railway bridge at Clarendon,[27] the Rail Bridge at Harlin,[28] the Yimbun Railway Tunnel,[29] and existing railway stations at Coominya, Lowood, Esk, Toogoolawah and Linville. The heritage listed Caboonbah homestead, built by H.P. Somerset, was destroyed by fire in 2009[30] but the public can still enjoy views of the Brisbane River from its precinct.

Local government[edit]

The Durundur Division was incorporated on 11 November 1879 under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. Its name was changed to Esk on 5 June 1880 by proclamation. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Esk became a shire on 31 March 1903.

The Shire of Kilcoy, historically part of the Caboolture Division and later the Shire of Caboolture, was proclaimed on 22 February 1912.

In July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released its report and recommended that Esk and Kilcoy amalgamate. Both councils opposed the amalgamation.[31] On 15 March 2008, the two Shires formally ceased to exist, and elections were held on the same day to elect six councillors and a mayor to the Regional Council.

Climate[edit]

Brisbane Valley Highway Flooded for 5 km (3 mi) at Geof Fisher Bridge crossing during the 2010–2011 Queensland floods

The Somerset region experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot and humid summers and mild to warm winters with cool overnight temperatures.

Median monthly rain fall at the Esk Post Office in the centre of the Somerset region since records began in 1887 is 76.26 millimetres (3.002 in). The highest recorded annual rainfall was 2,166 millimetres (85.3 in) in 1893, the year of the 1893 Brisbane flood also known as the Black February floods. By contrast, the rainfall recorded for the year of the 2010–2011 Queensland floods in South East Queensland was 1,198.6 millimetres (47.19 in), but for the period January 2010 to January 2011, the total rainfall was 1,758.4 millimetres (69.23 in).[32]

Demography[edit]

As at 30 June 2011, the estimated resident population of Somerset Regional was 23,137 persons, or 0.5 per cent of the Queensland's population. The Somerset Region's population in 2031 is projected to be 35,245 persons.

Bull Riding at Toogoolawah Show

Recreation[edit]

Fishing, Horse riding (trail riding, camp drafting, rodeos), cycling, water-skiing, sky diving, walking, four wheel driving, flying (small aircraft), sailing and camping are popular recreational activities.

Economy[edit]

Cattle grazing in the Upper Brisbane Valley, north of Linville

The primary economic activity in the Somerset region is agricultural production (A$120.8 million in 2006).[33] The region is also the location of two major water storage dams – Wivenhoe and Somerset. The Wivenhoe Power Station, is a 500-megawatt, pumped storage hydroelectric plant located on the eastern side of Wivenhoe Dam.[34]

Tourism makes a significant contribution to the local economy as Somerset region is just one hour's drive from Brisbane and the Somerset and Wivenhoe Dams offer facilities for a range of water based recreational activities.[35]

The largest employers in the region apart from the Somerset Regional Council are the abbatoir operated by the Greenmountain Trading Co and the meat processing plant operated by Australian Food Corporation Pty Limited, which processes meat patties for McDonalds.[36]

The Australian Bureau of Statistics ranked the Somerset region as having the third fastest-growing population by local government area in the state (2.94%, narrowly ahead of Ipswich's 2.93%) for the June 2010 – June 2011 period.[37] The smoothed unemployment rate for the Somerset Region in the December quarter of 2011 was 4.4%.

Telecommunications[edit]

ADSL Broadband is available in all the major population centres and there is mobile phone/3G mobile Broadband coverage in most parts of the Somerset region with some notable blackspots, especially in the north of the region and around Somerset Dam. NBN (interim) satellite Broadband is available in all locations where other forms of Broadband are not available. The Somerset region is not currently included in the NBN Co three-year roll-out plan for fibre optic cable, but it is included in the NBN Co two-year roll-out plan for fixed wireless Broadband. New greenfield developments in excess of 100 lots will be connected to NBN fibre optic as required by the Federal Government.[38]

Wards[edit]

The Somerset Regional Council remains undivided and its elected body consists of six councillors and a mayor, elected for a four-year term.

Towns and localities[edit]

View across farmland towards Wivenhoe Dam from Mount Stradbroke
Wivenhoe Dam water release in 2010
Aerial view of Esk and flooded Wivenhoe Dam, 2011
Wivenhoe Somerset Dam Road at Bryden, 2015

Also in the region are Lake Somerset and the Yabba State Forest.

Population[edit]

The populations given relate to the component entities prior to 2008. The most recent census in 2011 was the first for the new Region.[39]

Year Population
(Region total)
Population
(Esk)
Population
(Kilcoy)
1921 10,156 7,925 2,231
1933 9,874 7,654 2,220
1947 9,688 7,137 2,551
1954 9,458 6,985 2,473
1961 8,836 6,430 2,406
1966 8,463 6,120 2,343
1971 7,728 5,579 2,149
1976 8,193 5,970 2,223
1981 10,276 8,090 2,186
1986 11,686 9,109 2,577
1991 13,928 10,977 2,951
1996 16,530 13,391 3,139
2001 17,273 14,029 3,244
2006 18,426 15,002 3,424
2011 21,639 17,546 4,093

Notable residents[edit]

Henry Plantagenet Somerset with his wife Katharine Rose McConnel at Cressbrook Station
  • Lars Andersen – carpenter, builder, saw mill operator, insurance agent and undertaker[40]
  • Anita Bell – Writer of books for young adults and on Finance[41]
  • Troy Cassar-Daley – multi-award-winning country musician.[42]
  • William Robert (Fred) From- Queensland rock climber and Himalayan Mountaineer.[43]
  • Sally Harrison – Aboriginal Artist[44]
  • Cr Graeme Lehmann – Councillor in Local Government since 1994. Graeme was Deputy Mayor of the former Esk Shire Council from March 2000 until March 2004, and since March 2004 has held the position of Mayor of the former Esk Shire Council, now Somerset Regional Council.[45]
  • Hon Bill Hayden – former Member for Oxley, former Federal Government Minister and former Governor General of Australia
  • Craig Lowndes – multi-championship winning Australian racing driver
  • Hon Di McCauley – formerly the Member for Callide and Local Government Minister.[46]
  • Bodo Muche – sculptor[47]
  • Ian "Bunny" Pearce- Queensland Rugby League Player[48]
  • Hon Beryce Nelson – formerly the Member for Aspley, Deputy Government Whip then Minister for Family Services in the 1980s[46]
  • Henry Plantagenet Somerset (1852–1936) – landowner who attempted to warn Brisbane of the 1893 Brisbane flood[49]
  • Katarina Vesterberg – an artist and sculptor[50]
  • Sister Mary Denise Coghlan AM {Denise Coghlan}- humanitarian, Director of the Jesuit Refugee Services, Cambodia[51][52]
  • Clive Palmer owns 3 properties in the Somerset region and deployed his helicopter to assist local residents who were stranded on rooftops during the 2011 Queensland Floods[53]
  • Kevin James Ryan- Dual international Rugby Union- Rugby League, Queensland Amateur Heavyweight Boxing Champion, ABC TV Commentator, Mayor of Hurstville NSW, Barrister
  • Everald Ernest Compton AM- Chairman of ATEC Rail Group Inland Railway, former Chairman of the National Seniors Association[54]
  • Tom Cross- Pioneer, WW1 Artist[55][56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Queensland: Local Government Areas: Somerset (R)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Geoff Egan (29 May 2012). "Individual marketing for Somerset". The Queensland Times. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Local Government Reform Commission (July 2007). "Report of the Local Government Reform Commission Volume 1" (PDF). p. 12. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Somerset Regional Council Budget, 29 June 2012
  5. ^ South East Queensland Water Grid. Map. Retrieved on 24 June 2012.
  6. ^ John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Negative number: 41198
  7. ^ Lowood's Story: http://lowood.qld.au/history
  8. ^ J.G.Steele (1983). The Explorers of the Moreton Bay district 1770 -1830. University Queensland Press. St. Lucia, Queensland.
  9. ^ a b Henry Stuart Russell (1888), The Genesis of Queensland by reprinted by Vintage Books, Toowoomba Aust. 1988, p231
  10. ^ French, M. (1989) A History of the Darling Downs Frontier: Conflict on the Condamine. Darling Downs Institute Press. Toowoomba. p.60.
  11. ^ E.G. Pryce & John Gregor. (1846). Two Journals of Missionary Tours in the Districts of Manéroo and Moreton Bay, New South Wales, in 1843. London: The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
  12. ^ "St Andrew's Church (entry 600502)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "St Andrew's Church Hall (entry 600500)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  14. ^ Evans, Raymond (2007). A History of Queensland. Cambridge University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-521-87692-6. Retrieved 14 October 2008. 
  15. ^ "Cressbrook Homestead (entry 600503)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Map RM1076: National Library of Australia. Reprinted in E. DeLacy (2010) for Brisbane Valley Heritage Trails Inc. p. 24.
  17. ^ Bellevue Homestead Chronology of ownership
  18. ^ "Bellevue Homestead- Welcome". bellevuehomestead.com.au. 
  19. ^ "Bellevue Homestead (entry 600492)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "St Andrew's Church (entry 600502)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "St Andrew's Church Hall (entry 600500)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  22. ^ "St Agnes Rectory and Church (entry 600493)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "Esk War Memorial and Esk War Memorial Park (entry 600494)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  24. ^ "Linville War Memorial (entry 602701)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  25. ^ "Dental Surgery (entry 600496)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  26. ^ "Jimna Fire Tower (entry 601814)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  27. ^ "Lockyer Creek Railway Bridge (Claredon) (entry 600495)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  28. ^ "Harlin Rail Bridge (entry 602636)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  29. ^ "Yimbun Railway Tunnel (entry 602637)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  30. ^ Earley, David (11 May 2009). "Fire destroys Caboonbah Homestead". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  31. ^ Queensland Local Government Reform Commission (July 2007). Report of the Local Government Reform Commission (PDF) 2. pp. 285–290. ISBN 1-921057-11-4. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  32. ^ Bureau of Meteorology. "Monthly Rainfall: Esk Post Office". Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  33. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
  34. ^ CS Energy. "Wivenhoe Power Station". Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  35. ^ SEQ Water: Access and Use.
  36. ^ Coominya benefits from beef supplier. Gatton, Lockyer and Brisbane Valley Star. APN News & Media. Retrieved on 24 June 2012.
  37. ^ Egan, Geoff (2 April 2012). "Regions' growth powers ahead". Queensland Times. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  38. ^ 'Telecommunications in the slow lane', Article by Paul Heymans in The Somerset newspaper, 9 May 2012
  39. ^ "QuickStats". abs.gov.au. 
  40. ^ Lars Andersen's Timber Tramways f
  41. ^ "Profile: Anita Bell". brisbanetimes.com.au. 
  42. ^ "Troy's heartbreak over floods". Clarence Valley Daily Examiner. 
  43. ^ Himalayan Dreaming, Australian mountaineering in the great ranges of Asia, 1922–1990, Will Steffen
  44. ^ "Artist taps into roots". Ipswich Queensland Times. 
  45. ^ "Council of Mayors (SEQ) - Councillors & Secretariat". councilofmayorsseq.qld.gov.au. 
  46. ^ a b Queensland Parliament: Former Members Register
  47. ^ "Art treasure from beyond the grave". yahoo.com. 
  48. ^ Redcliffe Dolphins remember Ian Bunny Pearce
  49. ^ "Heritage". heritage.gov.au. 
  50. ^ Scott Livesey Galleries: Bio of KatarinaVesterberg
  51. ^ http://www.govhouse.qld.gov.au/ceremonial.../qb2008honours.aspx
  52. ^ Treaty.,www.jesuitmission.org.au/site/57/denise-coghlan
  53. ^ "News.com.au". news.com.au. 
  54. ^ "It's an Honour Website - Homepage". itsanhonour.gov.au. 
  55. ^ cas.awm.gov.au/item/P01927.001
  56. ^ "Linville War Memorial (entry 602701)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 

Coordinates: 27°14′21″S 152°25′04″E / 27.23917°S 152.41778°E / -27.23917; 152.41778