Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry
|Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry|
|Active||5 October 1959 – 1968|
|Garrison/HQ||Victoria Barracks, Bodmin|
The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry (SCLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army. It was formed in 1959 by the merger of the Somerset Light Infantry and the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, and was itself merged with three other regiments of the Light Infantry Brigade in 1968 to form The Light Infantry.
The regiment was formed in 1959 by the merger of two regiments: the Somerset Light Infantry and the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Immediately before amalgamation the 1st Battalions of these regiments were stationed at Warminster and Osnabrück respectively. The 1st Battalion The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry served at Osnabrück until June 1961, when it moved to Gibraltar. Gibraltar Day is now celebrated annually on 6 October as the Regimental Day of Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry.
The regiment brought colours and insignia from its parent regiments: the Royal Blue Facings and Royal Bugle Cords of the Somerset Light Infantry, the red patch commemorating the red feathers of the Light Company of the 46th Foot (later the 2nd Battalion the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry) and the privilege of wearing the sash knotted on the right side, a unique distinction usually associated with the gallantry of the 13th Foot at Culloden. The green head-dress, whistle cord and No 1 Dress Uniform are common to all Light Infantry Regiments. The parent Regiments were raised: in 1685 as Huntingdon's Foot, in 1702, as Fox's Marines, and in 1740 as the 57th (later renumbered 46th) (1st and 2nd Battalions The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry).
In 1968 it was amalgamated with the three other regiments of the Light Infantry Brigade to form The Light Infantry. Nicknames for the regiment included Pierce's Dragoons, The Bleeders, The Illustrious Garrison and The Yellow-banded Robbers.
The first posting of the newly formed regiment was to Osnabruck in Western Germany as part of the 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade. The first commanding officer of the regiment was Lt. Col. W.R. Lawson MBE, from October 1959 to April 1960. He was followed by Lt.Col. W. Hine-Haycock, who was in charge from April 1960 to September 1962. When this tour of duty ended, the battalion was moved to Seaton Barracks at Plymouth.
The next posting was to Gibraltar where the battalion undertook ceremonial duties including the Ceremony of the Keys, mounting guard at the Governor's residence and at the Border crossing with Spain, which included a perimeter patrol. While at Gibraltar, the battalion provided a company strength contingent to garrison RAF El Adem at Tobruk.
The next posting took the regiment to Berlin between 1963 and 1965. During this period, Lieut. Colonel John Howard was in charge, followed by Lieut.Colonel G. Mathews. In November 1965 the regiment returned to Britain and were stationed at the Gravesend Barracks. During this period, the battalion was part of the brigade force that was on permanent standby to be flown anywhere in the world at 72 hours notice.
In April 1966 the regiment was posted to Aden, a British Protectorate, where extremists calling themselves the Aden National Liberation Front, battled for the independence of Aden by forcing the British out. During this posting, two servicemen were lost, one when his vehicle was blown up and the other when he was hit in the head by a piece of shrapnel from an exploding grenade.
- The Queens Colour
- Mons - Marne, 1914, 18 - Aisne, 1914 - Ypres, 1915, 17, 18 - Somme, 1916, 18 - Albert, 1916, 18 - Arras, 1917, 18 - Passchendale - Cambrai, 1917, 18 - Hindenburg Line - Sambre - Doiran, 1917, 18 - Gaza - Palestine, 1917 - 18 - Tigris, 1916.
- Hill 112 - Mont Pincon - Nederrijn - Geilenkirchen - Rhineland - Rhine - North West Europe, 1940, 44-45 Gazala - Medjez Plain - Cassino II - Incontro - Cosina Canal Crossing - Italy, 1944-45 - North Arakan - Ngakyedauk Pass
- The Regimental Colour
- A Bugle Horn stringed ensigned with a Mural Crown all in Silver. The Sphinx superscribed "Egypt". A Mural Crown superscribed "Jellalabad" Gibraltar, 1704-5 - Dettingen - St. Lucia,1778 - Dominica - Rolica - Vimiera - Corunna - Martinique, 1809 - Salamanca - Pyrenees - Nivelle - Nive Orthes - Peninsula - Waterloo - Ava - Ghuznee, 1839 - Afghanistan, 1839 - Cabool, 1842 - Mooltan - Goojerat - Punjab - Sevastopol - Lucknow - South Africa - 1878-9 - Tel-el-Kebir - Egypt, 1882 - Nile, 1884-85 - Burma, 1885-87 - Paardeberg - Relief of Ladysmith - South Africa 1899-1902 - Afghanistan, 1919.
Colonels of the Regiment were: 
- 1959–1960: F.M. The Rt Hon (Allan Francis) John Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton, GCB, CBE, DSO, MC, KStJ (ex The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's))
- 1960–1963: Maj-Gen. Robert Burrell Frederick Kingslake Goldsmith, CB, CBE
- 1963–1968: Maj-Gen. Cecil Llewellyn Firbank, CB, CBE, DSO, DL
- 1968: Regiment amalgamated with The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, The King's Shropshire Light Infantry and The Durham Light Infantry to form The Light Infantry
- "The Somerset & Cornwall Light Infantry". British Armed Forces and National Service. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
- "Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry". Forces Genealogy. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry". Somerset Military Museum. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- Charles Messenger (1994). A History of British Infantry: For Love of Regiment, Volume 2, 1915-1994. Pen and Sword. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-4738-1439-4.
- "The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 17 January 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2017.