Somerville, Alabama

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Somerville, Alabama
The Somerville Courthouse was built in 1837 in the Federal style. It served as the county courthouse for Morgan County until the county seat was moved from Somerville to Decatur in 1891. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 24, 1972.
The Somerville Courthouse was built in 1837 in the Federal style. It served as the county courthouse for Morgan County until the county seat was moved from Somerville to Decatur in 1891. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 24, 1972.
Location in Morgan County, Alabama
Location in Morgan County, Alabama
Coordinates: 34°28′12″N 86°47′56″W / 34.47000°N 86.79889°W / 34.47000; -86.79889
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyMorgan
IncorporatedDecember 3, 1819[1][2]
Area
 • Total3.47 sq mi (8.98 km2)
 • Land3.46 sq mi (8.97 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
656 ft (200 m)
Population
 • Total796
 • Density229.86/sq mi (88.74/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35670
Area code(s)256
FIPS code01-71496
GNIS feature ID0127103
Websitewww.townofsomerville.org

Somerville is a town in Morgan County, Alabama, United States. It is included in the Decatur Metropolitan Area and the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2020 census, the population of the town was 796.[4]

History[edit]

Somerville was the county seat of Morgan County from 1818 to 1891, when the seat was moved to Decatur. The town was named for Robert M. Summerville, an officer killed in 1814 during the Creek War. Initially incorporated on December 3, 1819,[2][1] it is a few days older than the state. After its loss of the county seat in the 1890s, its incorporation lapsed. It was reorganized (reincorporated) on December 1, 1955.[5]

Geography[edit]

Somerville is located in central Morgan County at 34°28′12″N 86°47′56″W / 34.47000°N 86.79889°W / 34.47000; -86.79889 (34.469961, -86.798782),[6] along Alabama State Route 67, which leads northwest 15 miles (24 km) to Decatur and southeast 18 miles (29 km) to the edge of Baileyton.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), of which 0.005 square miles (3.2 acres), or 0.14%, are water.[3] Somerville is drained by Town Creek, which flows east to Cotaco Creek, a north-flowing tributary of the Tennessee River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850217
1870115
188020981.7%
1960166
197018511.4%
1980140−24.3%
199021150.7%
200034764.5%
2010724108.6%
20207969.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 347 people, 148 households, and 97 families residing in the town. The population density was 339.9 inhabitants per square mile (131.2/km2). There were 160 housing units at an average density of 156.7 per square mile (60.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.35% White, 5.76% Black or African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.29% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 148 households, out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.5% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $29,107 versus $18,958 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,747. About 13.3% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 32.1% of those age 65 or over.

Mayor and city council[edit]

Mayor

  • Darren Tucker

City Council

  • Place 1: Josh Melson
  • Place 2: Ron Jones
  • Place 3: Michael Rea
  • Place 4: Carl Flemons
  • Place 5: Jackie Teague

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.legislature.state.al.us/aliswww/history/acts_and_journals/Acts_Oct_Dec_1819/Page13_pg111-120.html]. "An act to establish the town of Sommerville, in the county of Cotaco."] Journal of the House of Representatives of the General Assembly of the State of Alabama. Cahawba. Printed at the Press Office. 1820. Pages 113-114.
  2. ^ a b "Somerville". encyclopediaofalabama.org.
  3. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Alabama". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Somerville town, Alabama: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  5. ^ "Alabama Yesterdays: Somerville's Historic Courthouse". alabamayesterdays.blogspot.com. 27 October 2014.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]

Official website

Coordinates: 34°28′12″N 86°47′56″W / 34.469961°N 86.798782°W / 34.469961; -86.798782