Somerville, New Jersey
Somerville, New Jersey
|Borough of Somerville|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 25, 1863 (as town)|
|Reincorporated||April 16, 1909 (as borough)|
|Named for||Somerset, England|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Dennis Sullivan (D, term ends December 31, 2023)|
|• Administrator / Municipal clerk||Kevin Sluka|
|• Total||2.37 sq mi (6.13 km2)|
|• Land||2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2) 1.18%|
|• Rank||384th of 565 in state|
16th of 21 in county
|Elevation||62 ft (19 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||203rd of 566 in state|
9th of 21 in county
|• Density||5,189.5/sq mi (2,003.7/km2)|
|• Rank||105th of 566 in state|
4th of 21 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885398|
Somerville is a borough and the county seat of Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. The borough is located in the heart of the Raritan Valley region within the New York Metropolitan Area, located about 33 miles (53 km) from Manhattan and 20 miles (32 km) from Staten Island. The borough has grown to become a commercial hub for central New Jersey and commuter town of New York City.
As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,098, reflecting a decline of 325 (-2.6%) from the 12,423 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 791 (+6.8%) from the 11,632 counted in the 1990 Census.
Somerville was originally formed as a town on March 25, 1863, within a portion of Bridgewater Township. Somerville was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 16, 1909, based on the results of a referendum held on May 4, 1909, at which point it was fully set off from Bridgewater Township. It is home of the oldest competitive bicycle race in the United States.
Somerville was settled in colonial times primarily by the Dutch who purchased land from the English proprietors of the colony. The Dutch established their church near what is today Somerville and a Dutch Reformed minister or Domine lived at the Old Dutch Parsonage from about 1754. The early village grew up around a church, courthouse and a tavern built at a crossroads shortly after the American Revolution. The name "Somerville" was taken from four brothers of the Somerville family, William, Edward, John and James from Drishane and Castlehaven, County Cork, Ireland, who first founded the town in the 1750s. Somerville was originally a sparsely populated farming community, but rapidly grew after the completion of the railroad in the 1840s and development of water power along the Raritan River in the 1850s. Early industry included brick making from the plentiful red clay and shale on which Somerville is built. While much of the borough features distinctive Victorian architecture in several neighborhoods and along its Main Street, other periods are represented. National Register sites in Somerville include the white marble 1909 Somerville Court House and the wooden and stone colonial Wallace House (today a museum) where George Washington spent a winter during the American Revolutionary War. Near the Wallace House is the Old Dutch Parsonage, where Reverend Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh, a founder and first president of Rutgers University, then called Queens College, lived. Register listed Victorian structures include the James Harper Smith Estate (privately owned), St. John's Episcopal Church and rectory, and the Fire Museum (a vintage fire house). Other notable, register eligible structures are the Victorian train station (privately owned) and the municipal building, the former Robert Mansion.
Originally the center of local commerce, the borough has evolved into a destination for boutique retail and dining. Modern highways today surround and traverse Somerville, including U.S. Route 22, U.S. Route 202, U.S. Route 206 and Route 28 and is within 5 miles (8.0 km) of Interstate 287 and Interstate 78, making it an important hub in central New Jersey.
Tour of Somerville
In 1940, the first competitive bicycle race, called the Tour of Somerville was established by bicycle shop owner, Fred Kugler, to showcase his son, Furman, who was a national cycling champion, and who won the initial men's competition. His daughter, Mildred won the women's. The 50-mile race is held annually and has since become the oldest competitive bicycle race in the U.S. It carries a purse of $10,000 for each winner of the women's and men's races.
Main Street Somerville maintains most of its historical buildings, although many are now boutique specialty shops and second hand shops. Somerville has quite a diverse and large selection of restaurants that draw people from the surrounding area. In many ways, Somerville remains Somerset County's downtown, and is the heart of its designated Regional Center. Several of the factories in Somerville were abandoned and replaced with modern office buildings or remodeled as apartments. Somerville today and historically has had an important African American community, a distinguished member of which was Paul Robeson. Another famous Somerville native was famed character actor Lee Van Cleef. One of the founders of modern American Dance, Ruth St. Denis, made her professional debut at Somerset Hall, once a vaudeville theatre and today a local restaurant. The mix of modern amenities and an interesting and diverse past make Main Street, Somerville a unique destination for dining, strolling and visiting.
The shopping center on the west side of the downtown area was demolished and a new shopping center, town homes and other amenities will be built on the shopping center land and on adjacent land in the former borough landfill to the south. Ground was broken for a new "world class" ShopRite supermarket in March 2011 and opened in November 2011. Borough planners envision a transit village style redevelopment centered around the Somerville train station.
Somerville was hit hard by Hurricane Floyd in September 1999, despite its having been downgraded to a tropical storm by the time it impacted the vicinity. The borough received a record 13.34 inches (339 mm) of rain over three days during the slow moving storm, causing significant flooding and considerable damage.
Numerous local and national media publications reported on how the state of New Jersey had eased regulations allowing for home baked goods to be made and sold from a home, but how Somerville in particular still suffers from, "...[a] draconian ordinance that creates a contradiction between Somerville's zoning policies and New Jersey's home baking law..." making it difficult for a small business owner or entrepreneur to try and earn a living in this fashion in Somerville. In order to be able to make her cookies and sell them from her home kitchen was required "... to pay a $1,000 application fee and put $4,000 into a borough escrow account", in addition to notifying neighbors, placing a public notice advertisement and having a public hearing on the application.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.37 square miles (6.13 km2), including 2.34 square miles (6.06 km2) of land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2) of water (1.18%). The borough's territory is flat land. Somerville borders the Raritan River to the south and is crossed by Peters Brook, a tributary.
Somerville's climate is warm during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 70s, 80s and 90s and cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 20s and 30s.
The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 84.40 degrees Fahrenheit, while the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 19.10 degrees Fahrenheit.
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate during summer with a difference that can reach 22 degrees Fahrenheit, and fairly limited during winter with an average difference of 19 degrees Fahrenheit.
The annual average precipitation at Somerville is 45.93 inches (1,167 mm). Rainfall in is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is July with an average rainfall of 4.81 inches (122 mm).
|Climate data for Somerville, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)||36.9
|Average low °F (°C)||19.1
1870–1920 1870 1880–1890
1930–1990 2000 2010
The 2010 United States census counted 12,098 people, 4,591 households, and 2,778 families in the borough. The population density was 5,189.5 per square mile (2,003.7/km2). There were 4,951 housing units at an average density of 2,123.8 per square mile (820.0/km2). The racial makeup was 65.64% (7,941) White, 12.15% (1,470) Black or African American, 0.34% (41) Native American, 11.37% (1,375) Asian, 0.07% (9) Pacific Islander, 6.34% (767) from other races, and 4.09% (495) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.75% (2,873) of the population.
Of the 4,591 households, 28.7% had children under the age of 18; 43.7% were married couples living together; 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 39.5% were non-families. Of all households, 30.8% were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.20.
21.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 107.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 106.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,836 (with a margin of error of +/− $5,384) and the median family income was $80,461 (+/− $9,281). Males had a median income of $45,929 (+/− $5,005) versus $46,540 (+/− $3,751) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,272 (+/− $2,145). About 3.6% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 12,423 people, 4,743 households, and 2,893 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,262.4 people per square mile (2,032.4/km2). There were 4,882 housing units at an average density of 2,068.0 per square mile (798.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 71.21% White, 12.93% African American, 0.19% Native American, 7.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.10% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.00% of the population.
There were 4,743 households, of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18, 44.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.15.
The borough population consists of 21.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $51,237, and the median income for a family was $60,422. Males had a median income of $40,585 versus $32,697 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,310. About 4.8% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
Somerville is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 564) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Somerville is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council. The Borough Council elects a member to serve as Council President to act in the absence of the Mayor. Each council member is appointed by the Mayor to one of six standing committee's during the Annual Reorganization Meeting held on January 1 of each year.
As of 2022[update], the Mayor of Somerville is Democrat Dennis Sullivan, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Somerville Borough Council are Council President RanD Pitts (D, 2024), Granville Y. Brady Jr. (D, 2023), Thompson H. Mitchell (D, 2024), Gina Stravic (D, 2022), Roger Vroom III (D, 2022) and Frederick Wied V (D, 2023).
In January 2022, the Borough Council appointed Gina Stravic to fill the seat expiring in December 2022 that had been held by Jane C. Kobuta until she resigned from office.
Federal, state and county representation
Somerville is located in the 7th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district Prior to the 2010 Census, Somerville had been part of the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
For the 117th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, East Amwell Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 16th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Andrew Zwicker (D, South Brunswick) and in the General Assembly by Roy Freiman (D, Hillsborough Township) and Sadaf Jaffer (D, Montgomery Township).
Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of County Commissioners, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held on the first Friday of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2022[update], Somerset County's County Commissioners are Director Shanel Robinson (D, Franklin Township, term as commissioner ends December 31, 2024; term as director ends 2022), Deputy Director Melonie Marano (D, Green Brook Township, term as commissioner and as deputy director ends 2022), Paul Drake (D, Hillsborough Township, 2023), Douglas Singleterry (D, North Plainfield, 2023) and Sara Sooy (D, Basking Ridge in Bernards Township, 2024). Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as constitutional officers. These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term). Constitutional officers, elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Steve Peter (D, Somerville, 2022), Sheriff Darrin Russo (D, Franklin Township, 2022) and Surrogate Bernice "Tina" Jalloh (D, Franklin Township, 2025)
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,565 registered voters in Somerville, of which 1,848 (28.1% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,358 (20.7% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 3,349 (51.0% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 54.3% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 69.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.0% of the vote (2,779 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 36.4% (1,631 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (75 votes), among the 4,516 ballots cast by the borough's 6,952 registered voters (31 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,847 votes (59.9% vs. 52.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,814 votes (38.2% vs. 46.1%) and other candidates with 52 votes (1.1% vs. 1.1%), among the 4,751 ballots cast by the borough's 6,547 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.6% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 2,485 votes (53.6% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 2,019 votes (43.6% vs. 51.5%) and other candidates with 58 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 4,633 ballots cast by the borough's 5,974 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.6% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 59.0% of the vote (1,707 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 38.8% (1,123 votes), and other candidates with 2.2% (64 votes), among the 2,972 ballots cast by the borough's 7,019 registered voters (78 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,465 votes (46.8% vs. 55.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,265 votes (40.4% vs. 34.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 334 votes (10.7% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 33 votes (1.1% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,128 ballots cast by the borough's 6,605 registered voters, yielding a 47.4% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).
|2020||65.3% 3,739||32.6% 1,865||1.7% 95|
|2016||60.4% 2,908||34.8% 1,678||4.8% 229|
|2012||62.0% 2,779||36.4% 1,631||1.7% 75|
|2008||59.9% 2,847||38.2% 1,814||1.1% 52|
|2004||53.6% 2,485||43.6% 2,019||1.3% 58|
The Somerville Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–2019 school year, the district, comprised of three schools, had an enrollment of 2,398 students and 204.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–2019 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Van Derveer Elementary School with 802 students in grades Pre-K–5, Somerville Middle School with 371 students in grades 6–8 and Somerville High School with 1,195 students in grades 9–12. Students from Branchburg Township attend the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Branchburg Township School District. For many years, Branchburg has accounted for 60–65% of the high school's enrollment.
Immaculata High School is a private, coeducational, Roman Catholic high school, founded in 1962. The school enrolls approximately 850 students in grades 9 to 12. Immaculate Conception School is a Catholic private coeducational day school, founded in 1957, for students in grades Pre-K through 8. Both schools operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Metuchen.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 36.16 miles (58.19 km) of roadways, of which 30.96 miles (49.83 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.90 miles (3.06 km) by Somerset County and 3.30 miles (5.31 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
U.S. Route 22 runs along the northern boundary of Somerville and offers connections to the state highway network. U.S. Route 202 and U.S. Route 206 runs along the western boundary of Somerville, via the Somerville Circle, and provides north–south connections to nearby towns.
Interstate 287 is in neighboring Bridgewater Township and is accessible via US Routes 22 and 202/206.
The Somerville train station offers service on New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line, with frequent service to Newark Penn Station, with connecting service to Penn Station New York in Midtown Manhattan.
The closest airport with scheduled service is Newark Liberty International Airport.
Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital for Somerset County is located in the borough, and provides healthcare for Greater Somerset. The hospital was originally founded as Somerset Hospital in 1901, and since has grown into a major university medical center. Since June 1, 2014, the 355 bed facility has been affiliated with Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, the largest healthcare network in the state.
Points of interest
- Wallace House, New Jersey State Historic House Museum – Washington's Headquarters during the second Middlebrook encampment (1778–79).
- Old Dutch Parsonage, New Jersey State Historic Site – First parsonage of the Dutch Reformed Church in Somerset County and home of Reverend Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh, a founder and later first President of Queens College (now Rutgers University).
- Daniel Robert House, Somerville Borough Hall – Based on Alexander Jackson Davis design, classic example of American Gothic architecture.
- J. Harper Smith Mansion – Library designed by Horace Trumbauer.
- St. John's Episcopal Church - Built in 1895 and designed by Horace Trumbauer.
- West End Hose Company Number 3 – the Somerville Fire Department Museum.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Somerville include:
- Alicia Albe (born 1977), competitor in rhythmic gymnastics
- Mary Ellicott Arnold (1876–1968), social activist, teacher and writer best known for her memoir In the Land of the Grasshopper Song
- Nicole Arendt (born 1969), professional tennis player
- Frank Asch (born 1946), author of children's literature
- Christopher "Kip" Bateman (born 1957), politician who has served in the New Jersey Senate since 2008, where he represents the 16th Legislative District
- Raymond Bateman (1927–2016), politician who served in the New Jersey Senate in the 1960s and 1970s, who was the Republican nominee for Governor of New Jersey in 1977
- Daniel H. Beekman (1874–1951), Judge of the Somerset County Court of Common Pleas, President of the Second National Bank of Somerville, and Democratic politician
- James J. Bergen (1847–1924), politician who served as Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly and an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court
- Nicholas L. Bissell Jr. (1947–1996), county prosecutor of Somerset County who fled to Laughlin, Nevada and took his own life after being charged with embezzlement, tax fraud and abuse of power
- George H. Brown (1810–1865), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1853–1855
- Tony Camillo (1928–2018), record producer and arranger
- Clarence E. Case (1877–1961), politician who served as acting Republican Governor of New Jersey in 1920, succeeding William Nelson Runyon
- Jack M. Ciattarelli (born 1961), entrepreneur and politician who represented the 16th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2011 to 2018
- Alvah A. Clark (1840–1912), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1877–1881
- Kate Claxton (1848–1924), stage actress
- Christine Danelson (born 1987), actress best known as the understudy for the role of Tracy in the national tour of the Broadway musical Hairspray
- Royal Page Davidson (1870–1943), educator and inventor
- John G. Demaray (1930–2015), medievalist
- Don Elliott (1926–1984), jazz trumpeter, vibraphonist, vocalist, and mellophone player
- David Felmley (1857–1930), educator who served for 30 years as president of Illinois State University, then known as Illinois State Normal University
- Lewis Van Syckle Fitz Randolph (1838–1921), businessman and politician
- Kevin Foley (born 1987), professional golfer
- Gene Freed (1930–2009), bridge player and physician
- Frederick Frelinghuysen (1753–1804), lawyer, soldier, and senator from New Jersey
- Mary Exton Gaston (1855–1956), first female physician in Somerville and a "major force in the borough's development"
- Frederick Wilson Hall (1908–1984), Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1959 to 1975
- Reggie Harrison (born 1951), former professional American football running back for four seasons in the National Football League for the Pittsburgh Steelers and St. Louis Cardinals
- Mort Herbert (1925–1983), jazz bassist and lawyer
- Naomi Jakobsson (born 1941), member of the Illinois House of Representatives, representing the 103rd District since 2003
- Walter J. Kavanaugh (1933–2008), member of the State Senate who represented New Jersey's 16th Legislative District who had been a successful businessman in Somerville and a life member of the Somerville First Aid & Rescue Squad
- Joyce Kozloff (born 1942), artist whose politically engaged work has been based on cartography since the early 1990s
- Joe Lis (born 1946), Major League Baseball player who played for Philadelphia, Minnesota, Cleveland and Seattle
- John Mack (1926–2006), principal oboist with the Cleveland Orchestra
- Eric Murdock (born 1968), NBA player for the Utah Jazz, Milwaukee Bucks, Vancouver Grizzlies, Denver Nuggets, Miami Heat, New Jersey Nets and Los Angeles Clippers
- Michael J. Newman (born 1960), United States magistrate judge in the Southern District of Ohio
- Steven J. Ostro (1946–2008), scientist specializing in radar astronomy
- Frank Perantoni (1923–1991), American football center who played professional football for the New York Yankees and later served on the Somerville borough council
- Arnold F. Riedhammer (born 1947), German-American musician, composer, and songwriter
- Helen Riehle (born 1950), politician who serves in the Vermont Senate, representing most of Chittenden County
- Paul Robeson (1898–1976), actor, athlete, bass-baritone concert singer, writer, civil rights activist, Fellow traveler, Spingarn Medal winner, and Stalin Peace Prize laureate
- Brian E. Rumpf (born 1964), politician who represents the 9th Legislative District in the New Jersey General Assembly
- Theodore Runyon (1822–1896), politician, diplomat, and American Civil War brigadier general in the New Jersey Militia
- Skinnyfromthe9 (born 1995), rapper and singer
- Frank Snook (born 1949), former relief pitcher who played for the San Diego Padres
- Ruth St. Denis (1879–1968), modern dance pioneer
- William Gaston Steele (1820–1892), represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district from 1861–1865
- Douglas Urbanski, film producer
- Lee Van Cleef (1925–1989), actor who was featured in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, For a Few Dollars More, Escape from New York and many other films and TV series
- Fred Van Eps (1878–1960), banjoist and early recording artist
- Jeffrey Vanderbeek, former owner of the New Jersey Devils
- Mauricio Vargas (born 1992), soccer goalkeeper who plays for the Pittsburgh Riverhounds of the United Soccer League
- Frederica von Stade (born 1945), mezzo-soprano
- Daniel Spader Voorhees (1852–1935), New Jersey State Treasurer from 1907–1913
- Jon Williams (born 1961), NFL player for the New England Patriots
- Elvira Woodruff (born 1951), children's writer known for books that include elements of fantasy and history
- Elinor Wylie (1885–1928), poet and novelist, author of Angels and Earthly Creatures, The Orphan Angel and other works
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor & Council, Borough of Somerville. Accessed May 15, 2022. "The Borough of Somerville is organized under the Mayor-Council form of government. The mayor is elected to a four-year term and six council members are elected for staggered three-year terms. Two council members are elected each year. The Borough Council elects a member to serve as president to act in the absence of the mayor."
- 2022 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed March 1, 2022.
- Clerk-Administrator/Vital Records, Borough of Somerville. Accessed May 15, 2022.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 77.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Somerville, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Somerville borough, Somerset County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 3, 2012.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Somerville borough Archived August 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 3, 2012.
- QuickFacts for Somerville borough, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 14, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Somerville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 3, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 30, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Somerville, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 30, 2013.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
- Somerset County, New Jersey, National Association of Counties. Accessed December 3, 2020.
- Distance from Somerville, NJ to New York, NY, Distance between cities. Accessed May 31, 2022.
- Distance from Somerville, NJ to Tottenville, Staten Island, New York, NY, Distance between cities. May 31, 2022.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "LIVING IN: Somerville, N.J.: A Walkable Suburban Alternative", The New York Times, August 14, 2019. Accessed May 31, 2022.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 14, 2013.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 225. Accessed May 3, 2012.
- History, Borough of Somerville. Accessed March 8, 2020.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 21, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 286. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 21, 2015. "Somerset; counties in Maine, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, named from the county in England."
- Nieto-Munoz, Sophie. "Tour of Somerville, oldest bike race in U.S., draws thousands as top cyclists compete", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 27, 2019. Accessed March 8, 2020. "For the 76th year, thousands of people lined up along Main Street in Somerville to catch a glimpse of the oldest major bike race in the country and one of the most highly anticipated in the world."
- Mustac, Frank. "Somerville holds groundbreaking for new ShopRite supermarket; Photo gallery", Independent Press, March 22, 2011. Accessed February 3, 2015.
- Garlic, Tiffani N. "Somerville named a Transit Village", The Star-Ledger, July 8, 2010. Accessed May 3, 2012. "New Jersey officials hope Somerville being named an official Transit Village community by the state Department of Transportation today will help jump-start the local economy."
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- Somerville Board of Education District Bylaw 0110 - Identification, Somerville Public Schools. Accessed September 3, 2020. "Purpose The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades K through twelve in the Somerville School District. Composition The Somerville School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of the Borough of Somerville."
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- Walalce House / Old Dutch Parsonage, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed August 13, 2013. "General Washington leased the house for use as his headquarters during the Middlebrook Winter Encampment, December 11, 1778, to June 3, 1779."
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- Alicia Albe, USA Gymnastics. Accessed February 3, 2015.
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- New Jersey Tennis Stars, Hangout NJ. Accessed June 12, 2007. "Nicole Arendt of Somerville turned pro in 1991 and is currently ranked 26 in the world in women's doubles. The Hun School of Princeton graduate holds 16 career Women's Tennis Association (WTA) doubles titles and won the tour sportsmanship award in 1993."
- Turner, Patricia. "Art For Children At Rutgers", The New York Times, December 13, 1981. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Frank Asch of Somerville, who studied at Rutgers and now lives in rural Connecticut"
- Biography, Senator Kip Bateman. Accessed February 3, 2015. "Senator Christopher 'Kip' Bateman was born on October 9, 1957 in Somerville."
- "Interviews with Raymond Bateman", Rutgers University Center on the American Governor. Accessed February 3, 2015. "A lifelong resident of Somerset County, Raymond Bateman was born in Somerville on October 29, 1927, and graduated from Somerville High School in 1945."
- Scannell, John James (1919). Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens and State Guide (Vol. II ed.). Paterson, NJ: J.J. Scannell. p. 46. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
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- Glaberson, William. "In Prosecutor's Rise and Fall, a Story of Ambition, Deceit and Shame", The New York Times, December 1, 1996. Accessed February 3, 2015. "By the time he was a young lawyer in Somerville, N.J., in the 1970s, he was engaged in a long battle to lose weight, which helped drive home the implausibility of his dream of being an athletic hero."
- George Houston Brown, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 1, 2007.
- Anthony J Camillo 1928 - 2018 bongiovifuneralhome.com Retrieved April 15, 2020
- "A Political Microcosm", Time, October 18, 1954. Accessed October 4, 2015. "His uncle, Clarence E. Case, now living in retirement in Somerville, was a state senator and for 23 years a State Supreme Court Justice."
- "Jack Ciattarelli", NJ Spotlight, May 7, 2017. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Ciattarelli, 55, was born in Somerville and raised in Raritan Borough, the grandson of immigrants."
- Alvah Augustus Clark, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 3, 2007.
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- Filichia, Peter. "Christine Danelson plays the irrepressible Tracy Turnblad in Paper Mill's Hairspray", The Star-Ledger, September 24, 2010, updated April 1, 2019. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Although Danelson admits to being heavier than doctors’ charts would recommend, she needs to wear a fat-suit to become a convincing Tracy. 'I've actually lost some weight from rehearsing,' she says. 'The suit fits me really well.'... Yet she kept quiet last week when she was insulted on the train ride from her home in Somerville."
- A Thousand American Men of Mark To-day, p. 306. American Men of Mark, 1917. Accessed February 3, 2015. "Royal Page Davidson, Educator of Lake Geneva, Wis., was born Oct. 9, 1870, in Somerville, N.J."
- Brown, Doris E. "Journey to Near East; Author discovers Mount Purgatory", The Home News, December 1, 1974. Accessed March 6, 2022, via Newspapers.com. "The specialist in Renaissance literature was born in Bound Brook in 1930 and is a graduate of Somerville High School."
- "Don Elliot, 57, Jazz Singer, Vibraphonist And Composer", The New York Times, July 6, 1984. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Mr. Elliott, who was born in Somerville, N.J., was a versatile musician who, in addition to vibraphone, played trumpet, bongos, French horn and mellophone, an adaptation of the French horn that allows the performer to project directly at his audience instead of off to one side."
- Null, J. Wesley; and Ravitch, Diane. Forgotten Heroes of American Education: The Great Tradition of Teaching Teachers, p. 295. Information Age Publishing, 2006. ISBN 9781607525189. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Felmley was born on April 24, 1857, in Somerville, New Jersey."
- The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography: Being the History of the United States as Illustrated in the Lives of the Founders, Builders, and Defenders of the Republic, and of the Men and Women who are Doing the Work and Moulding the Thought of the Present Time, Volume 7, p. 489. J. T. White Company, 1897. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Randolph, Lewis Van Syckle Fitz, financier, was born at Somerville, Somerset co., N. J., May 16, 1838, son of Enoch Manning and Mary Ann (Van Syckle) Fitz Randolph."
- Prunty, Brendan. "First Tee: Somerville's Kevin Foley earns PGA Tour card through Web.com Tour success", The Star-Ledger, September 2, 2013. Accessed February 3, 2015. "Somerville native Kevin Foley earned his way onto the PGA Tour last month, by finishing in the Web.com Tour's money list."
- "Gene Freed 1930–2009" Archived 2015-02-03 at the Wayback Machine, Daily Bulletin of the 81st Summer North American Bridge Championships, July 5, 2009. Accessed February 3, 2015. "Eugene H. Freed was born in 1930 in Somerville NJ to David and Mildred Freed. He lived there until about age 15, when the family moved to San Diego."
- Frederick Frelinghuysen, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed May 13, 2012.
- Burstyn, Joan M. Past and Promise: Lives of New Jersey Women, p. 144. Syracuse University Press, 1996. ISBN 9780815604181. Accessed November 15, 2015.
- Staff. "Frederick W. Hall, 76, FormerJustice in Jersey", The New York Times, July 9, 1984. Accessed July 5, 2016. "Frederick W. Hall, a former associate justice of the New Jersey State Supreme Court and the author of the landmark Mount Laurel zoning decision, died Saturday at the Somerset Medical Center in Somerville, N.J. He was 76 years old and lived in Somerville."
- Reggie Harrison, NFL.com. Accessed October 4, 2015.
- Forbes, Mike. Louis Armstrong's All Stars, p. 10. ISBN 9781326375812. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Name: Mort Herbert (né Morton Herbert Pelovitz) Birth: 30th June, 1925; Somerville, New Jersey"
- Representative Naomi D. Jakobsson (IL), Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 6, 2007.
- Staff. "Walter J. Kavanaugh, former state senator", Asbury Park Press, January 12, 2008. Accessed October 4, 2015. "Born in Bound Brook, on June 30, 1933, Senator Kavanaugh was a lifelong Somerville resident."
- Joyce Kozoff, United States Department of State. Accessed October 4, 2015. "Born in Somerville, New Jersey, Joyce Kozloff graduated in 1964 from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree and earned a Master of Fine Arts degree in 1967 from Columbia University, New York."
- Stonger, Karol via Associated Press. "It took seven years, but Joe Lis has finally made it", Eugene Register-Guard, April 3, 1971. Accessed May 15, 2011. "In the off-season he went home to Somerville, working at odd jobs. 'I unloaded freight cars, worked in grocery stores, on track gangs,' he said."
- "John Mack: 1927 - 2006 - Dean of American oboists. The influence of the principal of the Cleveland Orchestra extended far beyond that city in his many students", Chicago Tribune, July 28, 2006. Accessed August 2, 2007. "John Mack was born in 1927 in Somerville, N.J., and took up the oboe in 6th grade."
- Eric Murdock Archived 2007-12-13 at the Wayback Machine, Basketball Reference. Accessed June 28, 2009.
- Questionnaire for Judicial Nominees for Michael Jay Newman, United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Birthplace.... 1960; Somerville, New Jersey"
- Vita Steven J. Ostro, Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Accessed October 4, 2015.
- Barbati, Carl. "Gentleman Perantoni recalled", Courier News, September 19, 1991. Accessed April 1, 2021, via Newspapers.com. "The obituary was in last Thursday's newspaper, with the headline "J. Frank Perantoni, councilman, architect, pro football player'.... At various times in his life, he'd been a Somerville borough councilman, a trustee of a local bank and a member of many civic, service and church groups."
- "Arnold Riedhammer". Archived from the original on February 13, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
- Helen Riehle's Biography, Vote Smart. Accessed June 15, 2020. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Birth Place: Somerville, NJ"
- Nottle, Diane. "Jerseyana; Remembering Paul Robeson, in His Jersey Days and Beyond", The New York Times, March 29, 1998. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Later the Robesons settled in Somerville, where he graduated from high school with honors at 16."
- Assembly Member Brian E. Rumpf, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 9, 2007.
- "Mr. Runyon's Honorable Record.; Served in the Army and Was a Successful Lawyer.", The New York Times, January 27, 1896. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Theodore Runyon was born at Somerville, in Somerset County, N.J., Oct. 25, 1822."
- Coe, Kairi. "The Break Presents: SkinnyFromthe9", XXL, March 2018. Accessed December 26, 2018. "I was born in Hialeah, Fla., but I was basically raised in Somerville, N.J. High school, middle school—all my school years I was in Somerville."
- Frank Snook, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Born: March 28, 1949 (Age: 71-079d) in Somerville, NJ... High School: Hunterdon Central HS (Flemington, NJ)"
- Coelho, Frank. "Bronze landmark plaques to mark historic Somerville buildings", The Messenger-Gazette, January 25, 2011. Accessed May 15, 2011. "At Somerset Hall (now Alfonso's Family Trattoria), Phil Decker, chairman of the Somerville Historic Advisory Committee, shows off a plaque marking the site where Ruth St. Denis (then just Ruth Dennis of Adamsville), the American modern dance pioneer, made her professional debut after a couple of warm-up performances in Adamsville."
- William Gaston Steele, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 18, 2007.
- Kampfe, John. "Garden State Quintet Vies for Oscars", Jerseywood, January 24, 2018. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Somerville native Douglas Urbanski is a producer for Darkest Hour, which portrays Winston Churchill's leadership in Great Britain during World War II."
- via Associated Press. "Lee Van Cleef, Actor, Dies at 64; Played Villains in Many Westerns", The New York Times, December 17, 1989. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Lee Van Cleef was born in Somerville, N.J., on Jan. 9, 1925. His first job was as a farm worker in his home state. He then worked as an accountant in Somerville before beginning in his movie career in 1950."
- Fred Van Eps -- Banjoist, Biography by Tim Gracyk. Accessed May 24, 2008.
- Frezza, Harry; Deak, Mike. "Jeff Vanderbeek, former Devils owner, to coach Somerville H.S. football", Courier News, January 21, 2015. Accessed September 4, 2019. "He returns to a place he lived until 1969 when the family left their East Spring Street home a few blocks from Brooks Field to live on Northern Drive in Bridgewater."
- Mauricio Vargas Archived 2016-06-01 at the Wayback Machine, Pittsburgh Riverhounds. Accessed May 19, 2016. "Vargas' family moved to Costa Rica shortly after his birth in Somerville, New Jersey."
- Kendall, Leslie. "Jersey Footlights; Opera Star in Her Home State", The New York Times, April 1, 2001. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Even as a child, Frederica Von Stade, the Somerville-born mezzo-soprano loved to dress up and entertain."
- Scannell, John James. Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens and State Guide: Biographies of the Notable Living Men and Women of New Jersey with informing glimpses into the State's History, Affairs, Officialism and Institutions 1919-1920 (Volume II), p. 634. J. J. Scannell, 1919. Accessed December 1, 2013. "Daniel S. Voorhees - Morristown, (32 Maple Avenue) - Lawyer. Born at Somerville, on August 15, 1852."
- Jon Williams, New England Patriots. Accessed August 13, 2013. "By the time Jon was in third grade, his Dad was in prison on a murder charge. Three of his six siblings would become drug addicts and the streets of Somerville, N.J., were calling for more victims."
- "Elvira Woodruff", Pennsylvania Center for the Book. Accessed June 15, 2020. "Elvira Woodruff was born on June 19, 1951, in Somerville, New Jersey."
- Staff. "Her Words Gain Favor", Times Leader, June 1, 2003. Accessed April 4, 2011. "According to Elinor Wylie A Biography by Stanley Olson, Wylie was born in 1885 in Somerville, N.J., but spent much of her youth in Philadelphia."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Somerville, New Jersey.|
- Borough of Somerville official web site
- Somerville Cable Television
- Downtown Somerville Shopping, Dining & Business Information
- Somerville Public Schools
- School Performance Reports for the Somerville Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Somerville Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Somerville Police Department
- Somerset Medical Center
- Somerville Rescue Squad