|Province||Region of Republican Subordination|
|Population (1 January 2008)|
Somoniyon (Tajik: Сомониён) is a town in Tajikistan. It is the administrative capital of Rudaki district in the Region of Republican Subordination, lying 17 km south of the national capital of Dushanbe and just east of the Kofarnihon River. Its population in 2007 is estimated at 18,600.
The village was established in 1938 under the name of imeni Karakhon Sardorova (Russian: имени Карахон Сардорова, literally "village named after Karakhon Sardorov"), commemorating one of the prominent figures in the struggle for the Soviet rule against the Basmachi. In 1970, on the occasion of Lenin's 100th anniversary, it was renamed Lenin or Leninskiy. In 1998, it was renamed Somoniyon in honor of the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid Empire. Locals sometimes refer to the village by the historical name Kuktosh or Koktash (Uzbek for "blue stone").
- Republic of Tajikistan, map showing administrative division as of 1 January 2007, "Map Factory" Cartographic Press, Dushanbe, 2007 (English)
- Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Committee of Statistics, Dushanbe, 2008 (Russian)
- Somoniyon official web site (Russian). Retrieved 26 January 2009.
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