Palma de Mallorca Airport

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Palma de Mallorca Airport
Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
Mallorca air logo.png
Aeropuerto PMI.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public and military
Owner ENAIRE
Operator Aena
Serves Mallorca, Spain
Location Palma de Mallorca
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 24 ft
Coordinates 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889Coordinates: 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889
Website aena-aeropuertos.es
Map
PMI is located in Majorca
PMI
PMI
Location in Majorca
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,270 10,728 Asphalt
06R/24L 3,000 9,842 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 27,970,655
Passenger change 16-17 Increase6,5%
Aircraft movements 208,787
Movements change 16-17 Increase5,6%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Palma de Mallorca Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca; IATA: PMI, ICAO: LEPA) is an international airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east[2] of Palma, Majorca, Spain, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. Also known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan, it is the third largest airport in Spain,[1] after Madrid–Barajas and Barcelona. During the summer months it is one of the busiest airports in Europe, and was used by 27,9 million passengers in 2017.[3] The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for Ryanair, EasyJet and Vueling.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The history of Palma de Mallorca airport began in the 1920s, when seaplanes were used for postal services to the other Balearic Islands. A flat field next to Son Sant Joan was then used in the 1930s for flight routes to other parts of Spain. A private aerodrome was also set up.[4]

In 1938, Palma de Mallorca airport started being used for military aviation, while Iberia and Deutsche Lufthansa established new routes to the military base.[5]

In 1954, Palma de Mallorca's runway was extended and asphalted, and also had brand new taxiways and aprons added near it. This made the airport able to serve more airlines and more types of aircraft.

The increase in traffic led to a new terminal being constructed in 1958, and turned the airbase into a large civilian airport. A new large apron was also built. The new airport opened to domestic and international traffic on 7 July 1960. Just two weeks later, expansion to the aerodrome was planned, including the extension of the runway and taxiway. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.[6]

Growth since the 1960s[edit]

After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965 Air Spain began operating from the airport[7] and a smaller terminal, which today is terminal B was planned to be built. Passenger numbers had increased rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. A second runway was also to be built. It was to be built parallel to the existing one, and work began on it in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway opened in 1974.

In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This yet again led to a new terminal to be constructed, which is today's current central terminal building where passengers both enter and exit the airport and also check in and retrieve their luggage. Construction started in mid-1993 and was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bover. During the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.[8]

Today[edit]

Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers, however from 2007 there has been a decline in passenger numbers with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010.[1] Today, Palma de Mallorca airport carries over 23.7 million passengers[3] to their destinations, with 178,253 aircraft movements, mostly to mainland Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom.

In November 2015, Air Berlin announced they would shut down their hub operations at the airport which they maintained for over ten years. All seven domestic connection routes to the mainland - such as flights to Valencia, Bilbao and Sevilla - as well as the route to Faro in Portugal ceased during spring 2016.[9]

During the Summer months the dual-runway airport handles as many movements as London–Gatwick, and on the busiest day of the week as much as 1,100 movements - almost as many as London–Heathrow, the busiest in Europe. According to the operational data provided by AENA, the airport can handle 66 movements per hour or during a 24-hour operational period, almost 1,600 aircraft movements.

Terminals[edit]

Apron view
Outside view of the main terminal
Interior of the terminal

Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bonet and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A (the former Terminal A Building), Module B (the former Terminal B Building), Module C and Module D (the last two were completely new sets of buildings and gates that opened along with the new central terminal and check in area in 1997). The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour.

Module A[edit]

The former Terminal A Building is located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland. This part of the terminal building is closed during winter months and is only used in the summer.

Module B[edit]

The former Terminal B Building is the smallest module, located in the north east. It has 8 gates located on the ground floor, of which none have airbridges. It is used by regional aircraft of Air Nostrum, mainly operating flights to Ibiza Airport, Menorca Airport, Valencia Airport, Lleida Airport, Asturias Airport and Santiago de Compostela Airport.

Module C[edit]

The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used by Condor along with EasyJet and Norwegian Air Shuttle flights to Schengen destinations. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2010. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further 8 gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total.[10]

Module D[edit]

Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. During the closure of the southern area of Module C, it was used mainly for flights to Europe.

Other facilities[edit]

Previously Spanair had its head office in the Spanair Building on the airport property.[11] Both Futura International Airways and Iberworld had large operational offices on the premises of the airport but these are no longer in use.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Cork, Dublin
Air Algérie Algiers
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Europa Alicante, Almeria, Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Granada, Madrid, Menorca, Paris–Orly, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Valencia, Valladolid, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Ibiza, Málaga, Salamanca
Seasonal charter: Dublin, Inverness, Manchester, Shannon, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Trondheim
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Arabia Maroc Seasonal: Nador
Aviolet Seasonal charter: Belgrade
AlbaStar Tangier
Seasonal charter: Bergamo, Birmingham, Bologna, Cork, Dublin (begins 19 May 2018), Milan–Malpensa, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Verona, Venice
Alitalia Seasonal: Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal charter: Bologna
Azur Air Germany Charter: Berlin–Schönefeld, Düsseldorf, Munich
Binter Canarias

Gran Canaria (begins 3 May 2018), Tenerife-North (begins 2 May 2018)[12]

Blue Air Seasonal: Liverpool (begins 2 June 2018), Turin
Charter: Timișoara
Blu-express Seasonal charter: Bologna, Catania, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Turin
British Airways London–City, London–Heathrow
Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Stansted, Manchester
Seasonal charter: Aberdeen, Glasgow–International
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cello Aviation Seasonal charter: Derry (begins 18 June 2018),[13] Dublin (begins 18 June 2018)[14]
Condor Düsseldorf, Frankfurt
Seasonal: Berlin–Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Stuttgart
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Amsterdam, Maastricht/Aachen
Czech Airlines Seasonal charter: Ostrava, Prague
easyJet Berlin–Schönefeld, Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Manchester
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Belfast–International, Bordeaux, Edinburgh, Glasgow–International, London–Southend, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Edelweiss Air Zürich
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Rzeszow
Eurowings Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Munich, Nuremberg, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Vienna
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Bremen, Dresden, Graz, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Leipzig/Halle, Münster/Osnabrück, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Saarbrücken, Weeze
Seasonal charter: Cardiff,[15] Humberside (begins 7 May 2019)[15]
Evelop Airlines Seasonal: Lisbon (begins 3 June 2018), Porto (begins 3 June 2018)[16]
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki, Kemi
Flybe Seasonal: Exeter, Southampton
Germania Berlin–Tegel (begins 1 May 2018), Bremen
Seasonal: Berlin–Schönefeld (begins 2 May 2018), Dresden, Erfurt/Weimar, Friedrichshafen, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Rostock
Germania Flug Seasonal: Zürich
Hahn Air

Seasonal: Dusseldorf (begins 4 May)

Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Bern, Sion
Iberia Alicante, Lleida, Ibiza, Menorca, Santiago de Compostela, Valencia
Seasonal: Badajoz, Pamplona, Salamanca, Bilbao
Seasonal charter: Vitoria
Iberia Express Madrid
Jet2.com Seasonal: Belfast–International, Birmingham, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow–International, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Laudamotion Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse (begins 27 April 2018),[17] Berlin–Tegel (begins 2 June 2018),[17] Cologne/Bonn (begins 1 June 2018),[17] Düsseldorf,[17] Frankfurt,[17] Graz (begins 4 June 2018),[17] Hannover (begins 7 June 2018),[17] Innsbruck (begins 3 June 2018),[17] Linz (begins 1 June 2018),[17] Salzburg (begins 1 June 2018),[17] Stuttgart,[17] Vienna (begins 2 June 2018),[17] Zürich (begins 1 June 2018)[17]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Seasonal charter: Dole
Neos Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Verona
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Munich, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda, Barcelona
Seasonal: Aalborg, Düsseldorf, Hannover, Madrid,
Seasonal charter: Trondheim
Orbest Seasonal charter: Lisbon, Porto
Primera Air Aalborg
Seasonal: Birmingham (begins 14 May 2018)
Seasonal charter: Gothenburg, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Ryanair Barcelona, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bremen, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Frankfurt, Hahn, Hamburg, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Memmingen, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Valencia, Warsaw–Modlin, Weeze,
Seasonal: Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Tegel (begins 1 June 2018),[18] Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Bournemouth, Bratislava, Bristol, Brussels, Cork, Dublin, Düsseldorf (begins 1 June 2018),[18] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Girona, Gothenburg, Kaunas, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, Luxembourg (begins 2 June 2018), Marseille, Newcastle, Nuremberg (begins 1 June 2018),[18] Porto, Poznań, Prestwick, Reus, Rome–Ciampino, Santander, Shannon, Stockholm–Skavsta, Strasbourg (begins 2 June 2018), Stuttgart (begins 2 June 2018),[18] Wrocław
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Aarhus, Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Gothenburg
Seasonal charter: Trondheim
SkyWork Airlines Bern
Small Planet Airlines Manchester,
Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Small Planet Airlines Poland Seasonal charter: Katowice , Warsaw–Chopin, Wroclaw
SmartWings Prague
Seasonal: Bratislava, Brno, Košice, Lille, Ostrava
SunExpress Deutschland Frankfurt, Munich, Nuremberg
Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAROM Seasonal: Bucharest
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, East Midlands, Glasgow–International, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Borlänge, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Karlstad, Malmö, Örebro, Oslo–Gardermoen, Oulu, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Rotterdam/The Hague
Transavia France Seasonal: Nantes
Seasonal charter: Metz/Nancy
Travel Service Airlines Seasonal: Wrocław
Travel Service Hungary Seasonal charter: Budapest (resumes 14 June 2018)
TUI Airways Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow–International, Humberside (ends 23 October 2018),[15] Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich
Seasonal charter: Dublin
TUI fly Belgium Charleroi, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Brussels, Liège, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Deutschland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Munich, Saarbrücken, Stuttgart
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam, Rotterdam
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Copenhagen, Helsinki, Malmö, Norrköping, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo
Volotea Seasonal: Asturias, Bari, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Genoa, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Palermo, Pisa, Toulouse, Turin, Venice, Verona, Vigo, Zaragoza
Seasonal charter: London–Southend,[15] Southampton[15]
Vueling A Coruña, Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Granada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon (begins 2 June 2018), Málaga, Munich, Paris-Orly, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart (begins 1 June 2018), Valencia, Vienna (begins 2 June 2018), Zaragoza, Zürich
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Asturias, Bordeaux, Cardiff, Florence, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Rennes, Rome–Fiumicino, Toulouse
Wizz Air Seasonal: Budapest, Cluj–Napoca

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Swiftair Barcelona, Madrid, Ibiza, Menorca

Statistics[edit]

Passenger statistics[edit]

Palma de Mallorca Airport passenger totals 1999–2017 (millions)
Updated: 12 January 2018.[1] 2018 Data Provisional.
Passengers Movements Cargo (kilos)
1999 19,127,773 168,533
2000 19,424,243 176,997 25,156,479
2001 19,206,964 169,603 23,068,964
2002 17,832,558 160,329 20,412,784
2003 19,185,919 168,988 19,935,677
2004 20,416,083 177,859 20,408,137
2005 21,240,736 182,028 21,025,694
2006 22,408,427 190,304 22,443,596
2007 23,228,879 197,384 22,833,556
2008 22,832,857 193,379 21,395,791
2009 21,203,041 177,502 17,086,478
2010 21,117,417 174,635 17,292,240
2011 22,726,707 180,152 15,777,101
2012 22,666,858 173,966 13,712,034
2013 22,768,032 170,140 12,236,854
2014 23,115,622 172,630 11,462,907
2015 23,745,023 178,254 11,373,639
2016 26,254,110 197,640 10,452,860
2017 27,950,655 208,787 10,191,236
2018 (Mar) 2,756,722 25,278 2,184,442
Source: Aena Statistics[1]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest international routes from Palma-Son Sant Joan Airport January–December (2017)[19]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Germany Düsseldorf, Germany 1,277,837 Air Berlín, Lufthansa Group, Condor, TUI fly Deutschland
2 Germany Hamburg, Germany 995,272 Air Berlin, Ryanair, Condor, EasyJet
3 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 928,737 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa Group, TUI fly Deutschland
4 Germany Cologne, Germany 918,383 Lufthansa Group, Air Berlin, Ryanair, Condor
5 United Kingdom London–Gatwick, United Kingdom 859,151 EasyJet, Monarch Airlines, TUI Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines
6 Germany Munich, Germany 730,315 Air Berlin, Lufthansa Group, Condor, TUI fly Deutschland
7 United Kingdom Manchester, United Kingdom 760,741 Jet2, Ryanair, TUI Airways, Monarch Airlines
8 Germany Stuttgart, Germany 678,626 Air Berlin, Lufthansa Group, TUI fly Deutschland, Condor
9 Germany Hannover, Germany 553,855 Air Berlin, TUI fly Deutschland, Lufthansa Group, Condor
10 Switzerland Zürich, Switzerland 540,951 Lufthansa Group, Air Berlin, Germania, Vueling
11 Germany Berlin-Tegel, Germany 477,738 Air Berlin, Lufthansa Group
12 United Kingdom London–Stansted, United Kingdom 450,532 Ryanair, Easyjet, Jet2, Thomas Cook Airlines
13 United Kingdom Birmingham, United Kingdom 412,849 TUI Airways, Ryanair, Monarch Airlines, Jet2
14 Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark 399,695 Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines System, TUI fly Nordic, Primera Air Nordic
15 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden 386,847 Scandinavian Airlines System, Norwegian, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI fly Nordic
16 Switzerland Basel-Mulhouse, Switzerland & France 368,578 EasyJet, Air Berlin, TUI fly Deutschland, Lufthansa Group
17 United Kingdom East Midlands, United Kingdom 355,718 Ryanair, Jet2, TUI Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines
18 Germany Berlin-Schönefeld, Germany 349,848 EasyJet, Ryanair, Condor, Azur Air
19 United Kingdom Bristol, United Kingdom 340,782 EasyJet, Ryanair, TUI Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines
20 United Kingdom Newcastle, United Kingdom 330,546 Jet2, Ryanair, EasyJet, Thomas Cook Airlines

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "AENA passenger statistics and aircraftmovements". Aena.es. 
  2. ^ a b Spanish AIP (AENA) Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite/Aeropuerto-Palma-Mallorca/es/Page/1046276292901//Presentacion.html AENA Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
  4. ^ "Palma de Mallorca airport history in the early 90's". Mallorca-pmi.airports-guides.com. 18 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Lufthansa and Iberia establish routes". Airports-worldwide.com. 
  6. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Palma de Mallorca Airport expansion". Airports-worldwide.com. 
  7. ^ "Air Spain Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Terminal A opening". Airports-worldwide.com. 
  9. ^ airliners.de - "Air Berlin shuts down Mallorca hub" (German) 18 November 2015
  10. ^ "Module C Refurbishment". Majorca.info. 24 April 2010. 
  11. ^ "Spanair to retain HQ in Palma." The Mallorca. 23 December 2008. Retrieved on 18 October 2009.
  12. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277482/binter-canarias-schedules-new-routes-launch-in-may-2018/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. 10 February 2018. 
  14. ^ "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. 10 February 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Flight Timetable". tui.co.uk. 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017. 
  16. ^ http://en.evelop.com/
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Laudamotion outlines summer 2018 operations". routesonline.com. 16 March 2018. 
  18. ^ a b c d https://worldairlinenews.com/2018/02/27/ryanair-to-fly-from-berlin-tegel-and-dusseldorf-announces-11-new-routes-from-edinburgh/
  19. ^ "Aena.es". www.aena.es. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  20. ^ "EC-EQH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  21. ^ "EC-FAH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 25 June 2010. 
  22. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III EC-GKR Palma de Mallorca Airport (PMI)". Aviation-safety.net. 12 April 2002. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Palma de Mallorca Airport at Wikimedia Commons