Sonam Wangchuk

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Sonam Wangchuk

Sankar, Leh district, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Allegiance India
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service1987 - 2018
RankColonel of the Indian Army.svg Colonel
Service numberIC-45952M
UnitAssamRegimentInsignia.GIF Assam Regiment
Emblem of Ladakh Scouts.png The Ladakh Scouts
Battles/warsKargil War
AwardsMaha Vir Chakra ribbon.svg Maha Vir Chakra
Spouse(s)Padma Angmo

Colonel Sonam Wangchuk, MVC is an Indian Army veteran, who served with the Assam Regiment and the Ladakh Scouts. He was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra, India's second highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy, during his successful operation in the Kargil War.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in 1964 in Sankar, Col. Wangchuk is a native of Khakshal, part of Leh, in the Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir His mother is the sister of Mr Thupstan Chhewang and niece of Kushok Bakula Rinpochhey.[1] He moved to Solan, Himachal Pradesh in the year 1969 at the age of about five years. There he studied at St. Luke's till fourth standard. Later in 1973, his family moved to Dharamshala where he studied at Sacred Heart High School. Here he had close interactions with the Dalai Lama as his father was serving as the security officer of the 14th Dalai Lama. In 1975, his father was transferred to Delhi. In Delhi he was educated at The Modern School Barakhamba Road, and took a bachelor's degree in History, from the prestigious Sri Venkateswara College, University of Delhi. He cites a relative Colonel Wangdus as the inspiration for his joining the Indian Army, although his father desired him to become a civil servant.[2]

Military career[edit]

Wangchuk attended the Officers Training Academy in Chennai and was commissioned into the 4th battalion of the Assam Regiment as a Second Lieutenant.[3] He was posted to Ukrul in northeast India as a company commander. He then served in Sri Lanka as a part of the Indian Peace Keeping Force. He was later posted to the Indus Wing of the Ladakh Scouts. In 1999, at the outbreak of the Kargil War, then Major Wangchuk led an operation against Pakistani troops in the Chorbat La pass, on 31 May which was the first successful operation of the war, for which he was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra. On 21 August 2017, President Ram Nath Kovind released a documentary named "Lion of Ladakh" about the troops under Wangchuk who repelled enemy forces from Chorbat La.[4]

Maha Vir Chakra Citation[edit]

Sonam Wangchuk's Maha Vir Chakra citation reads:

Mahavir Chakra (MVC) Awardee: Lt Col Sonam Wangchuk, MVC

Gazette Notification: 17 Pres/2000,15.8.99 Operation: Vijay - Kargil Date of Award: 1999

On 30 May 1999, Major Sonam Wangchuk was leading a column of The Indus Wing, Ladakh Scouts as a part of ongoing operations in Op VIJAY in the Batalik Sector. The column was tasked to occupy Ridge Line on the Line of Control in a glaciated area at a height of about 5,500 metres. This was essential so as to pre-empt its occupation by the enemy and any subsequent infiltration.

While moving towards the Line of Control, the enemy ambushed the column by firing from a vantage position. In the process, one NCO[5] of The Ladakh Scouts was killed. Major Sonam Wangchuk held his column together and in a daring counter ambush, led a raid on the enemy position from a flank, killing two enemy soldiers. The officer also recovered one heavy machine gun and one Universal machine gun, ammunition, controlled stores and three dead bodies of the enemy personnel.

Thereafter, the officer took stock of all forces along the Chorbatla axis in the Batalik Sector and cleared the axis up to the Line of Control of all enemy intrusions at great risk to his life.

Major Sonam Wangchuk displayed exceptional bravery and gallantry of the highest order in the presence of enemy fire and in extreme climatic conditions in the glaciated area.[6]

Awards and Decorations[edit]

Maha Vir Chakra ribbon.svg IND Samanya Seva medal.svg IND Special Service Medal Ribbon.svg IND Operation Vijay star.svg
IND Siachen Glacier Medal Ribbon.svg IND Operation Vijay medal.svg IND Sainya Seva Medal Ribbon.svg IND High Altitude Medal Ribbon.svg
IND Videsh Seva Medal Ribbon.svg IND 50th Anniversary Independence medal.svg IND 20YearsServiceMedalRibbon.svg IND 9YearsServiceMedalRibbon.svg
Maha Vir Chakra
Samanya Seva Medal
Special Service Medal
Operation Vijay Star
Siachen Glacier Medal
Operation Vijay
Sainya Seva Medal
High Altitude Service Medal
Videsh Seva Medal
50th Anniversary of Independence Medal
20 Years Long Service Medal
9 Years Long Service Medal