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In Unix and Unix-like operating systems, a soname is a field of data in a shared object file. The soname is a string, which is used as a "logical name" describing the functionality of the object. Typically, that name is equal to the filename of the library, or to a prefix thereof, e.g.
The soname is often used to provide version backwards-compatibility information. For instance, if versions 1.0 through 1.9 of the shared library
libx provide identical interfaces, they would all have the same soname, e.g.
libx.so.1. If the system only includes version 1.3 of that shared object, with filename
libx.so.1.3, the soname field of the shared object tells the system that it can be used to fill the dependency for a binary which was originally compiled using version 1.2. Note that
libc.so is a particular case and has a complex history, see GNU C Library.
The GNU linker uses the
-soname=name to specify the library name field. Internally, the linker will create a
DT_SONAME field and populate it with
Given any shared object file, one can use the following command to get the information from within the library file using objdump:
$ objdump -p libx.so.1.3 | grep SONAME SONAME libx.so.1
- Staerk, Thorsten (2011-03-25). "Library-related Commands and Files: soname". LinuxQuestions.org. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
- Bansal, Ashish (2001-04-01). "Shared objects for the object disoriented: How to write dynamically loadable libraries". IBM DeveloperWorks. Retrieved 2018-02-07.