Sonar (keelboat)

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Sonar
Sonar red.svg
Class symbol
Sonar (keelboat).svg
Boat
Crew 3 or 4
Draft 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in)
Hull
Hull weight 950 kg (2,090 lb) of which
408 kg (899 lb) is ballast
LOA 7 m (23 ft)
LWL 6.1 m (20 ft)
Beam 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in)
Sails
Spinnaker area 22.8 m2 (245 sq ft)
Upwind sail area 23.2 m2 (250 sq ft)
Racing
D-PN 81.0[1]
RYA PN 940[2]
Paralympics class
A Sonar start
Sonar in light winds

The Sonar is a 7 m (23 ft) one-design keelboat for three to five people. It is bermuda-rigged, with a large mainsail and a 100% jib. The class is recognised by the International Sailing Federation.

The Sonar showcased disabled sailing at the 1996 Paralympic Games where the sport was a demonstration event with just the Sonar. The Sonar has been the three person keelboat at every subsequent Paralympics. When being sailed by disabled it is crewed by 3, and sailed without a spinnaker. Instead, when running downwind a whisker pole is used to hold the jib out to windward for maximum exposed sail area. The Sonar is well suited for disabled sailing because of its large open cockpit making adaptations easy.

The Sonar was designed in 1979 by Bruce Kirby, designer of the popular Laser dinghy. Since then, over 800 boats have been built. Most of the fleet is in the USA, with smaller fleets in Britain and Canada. Since its adoption as a Paralympic class the Sonar has spread to many other countries as well.

The Sonar was inducted into the American Sailboat Hall of Fame in 2004.

History[edit]

Events[edit]

Open Worlds Championships[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
2001 Noroton, CT  Mark Ploch (USA)  Craig Sinclair (USA)  Steve Shepstone (USA)
2004 St. Petersburg, FL  Steve Shepstone (USA)  Peter Galloway (USA)  John Ross-Duggan (USA)
2005 Cowes  Steve Shepstone (USA)  Paul Bowen (GBR)  Peter Galloway (USA)
2007 Marblehead, MA  Bill Lynn (USA)  Greg Anthony (USA)  Rick Dominique (USA)
2009 Noroton, CT  Dave Franzel (USA)  Jud Smith (USA)  Karl Ziegler (USA)
2011 Rhu, Scotland  Steve Shepstone (USA)  Simon Barter (GBR)  Scott McLeod (USA)
2013 Rochester, NY  Eric Voss (USA)  Colin Gordon (USA)  Peter Galloway (USA) [3]
2015 Falmouth, MA  Karl Ziegler (USA)  Dave Franzel (USA)  Bella Rena (CAN)
2017 Lunenburg, NS  Peter Galloway (USA)  Karl Ziegler (USA)  Eric Voss (USA)[4]

Disabled World Championships[edit]

The Sonar has also been used extensively for disabled sailing. The boat specifications are exactly the same for open and disabled sailing events, but additional adaptations are allowed to be fitted to the boat to aid the crew who are not permitted to hike or use a spinnaker. The World Championships is recognised by World Sailing.

Event Gold Silver Bronze
1999 Cadiz  Germany
Jens Kroker
Peter Muenter
Peter Reichl
 Netherlands
Udo Hessels
Marcel van de Veen
Mischa Rossen



2001 Florida  Canada
Brian Mackie
Brian MacDonald
Paul Tingley
 Great Britain
Andrew Cassell
Brian Harding
Edward Suckling
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Dietmar Steigel
Peter Reichl
2002 Medemblik  Germany
Jens Kroker
Dietmar Steigel
Peter Reichl
 Great Britain
Andrew Cassell
Brian Harding
Edward Suckling
 Canada
Brian Mackie
Brian MacDonald
Paul Tingley
2003 Athens  Netherlands
Udo Hessels
Marcel van de Veen
Mischa Rossen
 Israel
Dror Cohen
Benny Vaxler
Michael Levy
 Great Britain
John Robertson
Stephen Thomas
Hannah Stodel
2005 Sonderborg  Great Britain
John Robertson
Stephen Thomas
Hannah Stodel
 Norway
Jostein Stordahl
Aleksander Wang-Hansen
Per Eugen Kristiansen
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Holger Schonenberg
Tobias Schuetz
2006 Perth  Great Britain
John Robertson
Stephen Thomas
Hannah Stodel
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Sigi Mainka
Tobias Schuetz
 Norway
Jostein Stordahl
Aleksander Wang-Hansen
Per Eugen Kristiansen
2007 Rochester, NY  United States
Rick Doerr
Tim Angle
Bill Donahue
 United States
Paul Callahan
Tom Brown
Roger Cleworth
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Tobias Schuetz
Sigi Mainka
2009 Athens  Germany
Jens Kroker
Robert Prem
Siggy Mainka
 Israel
Dror Cohen
Arnon Efrati
Ben Vexler
 Greece
Christoforou Vasilis
Notaroglou Argiris
Aleksas Thodoris
2010 Medemblik  Netherlands
Udo Hessels
Marcel van de Veen
Mischa Rossen
 Great Britain
John Robertson
Hannah Stodel
Stephen Thomas
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Robert Prem
Siegmund Mainka
2011 Weymouth  Israel
Dror Cohen
Benni Vexler
Arnon Efrati
 Great Britain
John Robertson
Hannah Stodel
Stephen Thomas
 Norway
Aleksander Wang-Hansen
Per Eugen Kristiansen
Marie Solberg
2012 Charlotte Harbor  Norway
Aleksander Wang-Hansen
Per Eugen Kristiansen
Marie Solberg
 France
Bruno Jourdren
Eric Flageul
Nicolas Vimont-Vicary
 Great Britain
John Robertson
Hannah Stodel
Stephen Thomas
2013 Kinsale  France
Bruno Jourdren
Eric Flageul
Nicolas Vimont-Vicary
 Netherlands
Udo Hessels
Marcel van de Veen
Mischa Rossen
 Australia
Colin Harrison
Jonathan Harris
Russel Boaden
2014 Halifax  France
Bruno Jourdren
Eric Flageul
Nicolas Vimont-Vicary
 Canada
Paul Tingley
Logan Campbell
Scott Lutes
 Australia
Colin Harrison
Jonathan Harris
Russel Boaden
2015  Great Britain
John Robertson
Hannah Stodel
Stephen Thomas
 Australia
Colin Harrison
Jonathan Harris
Russel Boaden
 Norway
Aleksander Wang-Hansen
Per Eugen Kristiansen
Marie Solberg


Paralympics[edit]

The Sonar has been the equipment used for the three person keelboat discipline at every Paralympic Sailing Competition.

Event Gold Silver Bronze
2000 Sydney  Australia
Noel Robins
Jamie Dunross
Graeme Martinl
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Peter Muenter
Peter Reichl
 Canada
Davis Williams
Paul Tingley
Brian MacDonald
2004 Athens  Israel
Dror Cohen
Arnon Efrati
Benni Vexler
 Netherlands
Udo Hessels
Marcel van de Veen
Mischa Rossen
 United States
John Ross-Dugan
Jean Paul Creignou
Bradley Johnson
2008 Beijing  Germany
Jens Kroker
Siegmund Mainka
Robert Prem
 France
Bruno Jourdren
Eric Flageul
Nicolas Vimont-Vicary
 Australia
Colin Harrison
Russel Boaden
Rodney Angwin
2012 London  Netherlands
Udo Hessels
Marcel van de Veen
Mischa Rossen
 Germany
Jens Kroker
Siegmund Mainka
Robert Prem
 Norway
Alexander Wang-Hansen
Marie Solberg
Pee Eugen Christiansen
2016 Rio  Colin Harrison
Russell Boaden
Jonathan Harris (AUS)
 Alphonsus Doerr
Hugh Freund
Bradley Kendell (USA)
 Paul Tingley
Logan Campbell
Scott Lutes (CAN)

References[edit]

External links[edit]