Song Moo Kwan

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Song Moo Kwan
Also known asSongmookwan
Date foundedMarch 20, 1944[1]
Country of originKaesŏng, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea[2]
FounderByung Jik Ro[3]
Arts taughtTaekwondo
Ancestor artsKong Soo Do, Shaolin Kung Fu, Hapkido
Ancestor schoolsKorean Kongsoodo Association
Song Moo Kwan
Revised RomanizationSong Mu Gwan
McCune–ReischauerSong Mu Kwan

Song Moo Kwan, also named "Song Moo Kwan Kong Soo Do ", is one of the Five original kwans (martial art schools) of taekwondo in Korea.[3] Its founder, from 1944, Supreme Grandmaster Byung Jik Ro (1919–2015),[5][6][3] was one of the highest ranking taekwondo practitioners in the world, and is considered the "Founder of Modern Taekwondo".[7] As a Shotokan Black Belt under Gichin Funakoshi, Byung Jik Ro created what is commonly known as Song Moo Kwan. While staying largely true to the basic principles of Shotokan Karate Do, he placed more emphasis on kicking techniques within the newly created Taekwondo style. To this day both styles maintain a striking similarity.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Scott Shaw's History of Taekwondo Archived 2007-11-08 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ History of Tang Soo Do
  3. ^ a b c "Grand Master Byung Jick Ro and the Song Moo Kwan",, 2010, web: SMK-hist.
  4. ^ 네이버 :: 지식iN
  5. ^ "RO – RBushman".
  6. ^ "A Modern History of Taekwondo",, 2010, webpage: StanEdu-twd.
  7. ^ "The Song Moo Kwan family tree".


  • A Modern History of Taekwondo, 1999 (Korean), Kyong Myung Lee and Kang Won Sik, ISBN 89-358-0124-0.
  • Global Taekwondo, 2003 (English), Kyo Yoon Lee, ISBN 89-952721-4-7.
  • A Guide to Taekwondo, 1996 (English), Kyo Yoon Lee, ISBN 89-85936-05-0.
  • Kukkiwon 25th Anniversary Text, 1997 (Korean), Un Yong Kim.
  • Kukkiwon Textbook 2006 (English/Korean), Um Woon Kyu.

External links[edit]