Songshan District, Taipei

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Coordinates: 25°03′35″N 121°33′26″E / 25.059788°N 121.55727°E / 25.059788; 121.55727

Songshan
松山區
District
Songshan District
Section 5th, Nanjing East Road 20110329.JPG
Taipei-Songshan.svg
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionEastern Taipei
Divisions
Area
 • Total9.2878 km2 (3.5860 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 9th of 12
Population
 • Total209,689
 • RankRanked 8th of 12
 • Density23,000/km2 (58,000/sq mi)
Postal code105
WebsiteAbout Songshan District
Songshan District, Taipei
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese松山
former name
Traditional Chinese錫口
Japanese name
Kanji松山
Hiraganaまつやま

Songshan District is a district of Taipei, Taiwan. The name of the district is historically spelled Sungshan. The Songshan Airport and the Taipei Arena are located here.

History[edit]

Songshan was originally named Malysyakkaw, a lowland Ketagalan word meaning "Where the river twists". Its written form (Chinese: 麻里折口; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bâ-lí-chek-kháu) was abbreviated (錫口; Sek-kháu)[1] in 1815 during Qing rule.

During Japanese rule (1895-1945) the area served as a prime tea-growing area in northern Taiwan. In 1920 the area's settlements were established as Matsuyama Village (Japanese: 松山庄), Shichisei District, Taihoku Prefecture. The village, named after Matsuyama City in Japan, was incorporated into Taihoku City (modern-day Taipei) in 1938.

At the outset of one-party rule by the Kuomintang (1945-1990) the Mandarin Chinese reading of the kanji characters 松山 (i.e. Sung-shan) was adopted as the name of the district which in 1946 officially comprised 26 municipal villages (里). In 1949 the area's tea estates gave way to military housing for lower-income Kuomintang refugee families. The bodies of many residents and political victims from Taiwan's martial law period are buried in hillside cemeteries that now overlook the Taipei 101 shopping district.[2][3] By 1980 Songshan was the most populous area of the city.

In 1990, the southern half of Songshan District became Xinyi District while the northern half retained its original name. The boundary of this smaller Songshan District was altered in May 1994 when the course of Keelung River was moved slightly to the south.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Songshan District Administration Center

Songshan is divided into four regions (地區), or secondary district (次分區), which in turn are divided into 33 municipal villages. They following placenames are romanized in Hanyu Pinyin:

  • Sanmin Region (三民地區): northeast
    • Zhuangjin (莊敬)
    • Fujin (富錦)
    • Dongrong (東榮)
    • Sanmin (三民)
    • Jieshou (介壽): literally means "Longevity to Chiang Kai-shek"
    • Xinyi (新益)
    • Xindong (新東)
    • Futai (富泰)
  • Dongshe Region (東社地區): northwest and central (largest region)
    • Jinzhong (精忠)
    • Dongguang (東光)
    • Longtian (龍田)
    • Dongchang (東昌)
    • Dongshi (東勢)
    • Zhonghua (中華)
    • Minyou (民有)
    • Minfu (民福)
    • Songji (松基)
  • Benzheng Region (本鎮地區): southeast
    • Ciyou (慈祐)
    • Anping (安平)
    • Pengcheng (鵬程)
    • Ziqiang (自強)
    • Jixiang (吉祥)
    • Xinju (新聚)
    • Fusheng (復盛)
  • Zhonglun Region (中崙地區): southwest
    • Zhongzheng (中正)
    • Zhonglun (中崙)
    • Meiren (美仁)
    • Jiren (吉仁)
    • Dunhua (敦化)
    • Fuyuan (復源)
    • Fujian (復建)
    • Fushi (復勢)
    • Fucheng (福成)

Government institutions[edit]

Institutions[edit]

Economy[edit]

The China Airlines Taipei Branch Office and the former China Airlines headquarters in Songshan District

The district is a major financial center in Taipei, with many banking institutions located on Dunhua North Road (敦化北路) and Nanjing East Road (南京東路).

Mandarin Airlines,[4] Daily Air[5] and Far Eastern Air Transport[6] have their headquarters in Songshan.

Before moving its headquarters to a new location at CAL Park, Taoyuan International Airport, China Airlines formerly had its headquarters in the location of its current Taipei Branch Office on Nanjing E. Rd.[7][8][9] After the headquarters move, China Airlines developed part of the training center at Taipei Songshan Airport into a business aviation center.[10]

Education[edit]

  • National Open University — Taipei Learning Center (空中大學 台北指導中心)[1]
  • Sungshan Community College (松山社區大學): located within Zhonglun Senior High School (中崙高中), in Jixiang Village [2]
  • Taipei Municipal Zhonglun High School
  • Taipei Municipal Xisong High School
  • Yu Da High School of Commerce and Home Economics (私立育達高級商業家事職業學校, short 育達商職): a private vocational high school in Meiren Village [3]

In addition, there are six middle schools, and eight elementary schools[11]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Fuxing North Road (復興北路) runs along the western boundary of the district. The other major north-south road is Dunhua North Road (敦化北路). Several major east-west arteries include Minquan East Road (民權東路), Sec. 3-5; Minsheng East Road (民生東路), Sec. 3-5; Nanjing East Road (南京東路), Sec. 3-5; and Bade Road (八德路), Sec. 2-4.

The southern border is outlined by the Civic Blvd (市民大道). Meanwhile, National Highway 1 borders the northern part of the district.

Metro[edit]

The metro access is provided by the Neihu Line above Fuxing Road and the Songshan Line provides east-west access underneath Nanjing East Road.

Airport[edit]

Songshan Airport is located in Dongshe Region, accessible by the Taipei Metro Neihu Line's Songshan Airport Station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entry #40238 (錫口)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
  2. ^ di Genova, Trista (1 March 2009). "Taipei graveyard holds key to White Terror: Arrigo". The China Post.
  3. ^ Chiu, Shao-wen; Pan, Jason (5 April 2013). "FEATURE: Taipei's graveyards are also some of its hottest tourist spots". Taipei Times. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "台北總公司: 105台北市民生東路三段134號13樓."
  5. ^ "德安航空股份有限公司一般租機合約書." (Archive) Daily Air. Retrieved on January 5, 2012. "地址:台北市敦化北路340號之10"
  6. ^ Home page. Far Eastern Air Transport. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "地址:台北市敦化北路405巷123弄5號 " - Map (Archive)
  7. ^ "Investor Relations." China Airlines. Retrieved 2009-05-20. "Address: No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Taipei City 104, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"
  8. ^ "Cargo." Taoyuan International Airport. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "Address: 12F., No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Songshan District, Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.)."
  9. ^ Staff. "CAL to inaugurate new HQ near Taoyuan airport." The China Post. Thursday September 10, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
  10. ^ Staff. "Plans for faster service at Songshan Airport: CAA." The China Post. July 5, 2009. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  11. ^ "台北市行政地圖松山區." Taipei City Education Portal Site, Department of Education, Taipei City. Updated 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2011-06-08.

External links[edit]