Songshan District, Taipei

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Coordinates: 25°03′35″N 121°33′26″E / 25.059788°N 121.55727°E / 25.059788; 121.55727

Songshan

松山區

Sungshan
Songshan District
South Songshan District and Bridges across Keelung River 20120816a.jpg
Taipei-Songshan.svg
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionEastern Taipei
Divisions
Area
 • Total9.2878 km2 (3.5860 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 9th of 12
Population
 • Total209,689
 • RankRanked 8th of 12
 • Density23,000/km2 (58,000/sq mi)
Postal code
105
WebsiteAbout Songshan District
Songshan District, Taipei
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese松山
former name
Traditional Chinese錫口
Japanese name
Kanji松山
Hiraganaまつやま

Songshan District is a district of Taipei, Taiwan. The name of the district is alternatively spelled Sungshan. The Songshan Airport and the Taipei Arena are located here.

History[edit]

Songshan was originally named Malysyakkaw, a lowland Ketagalan word meaning "Where the river twists". Its written form (Chinese: 麻里折口; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bâ-lí-chek-kháu) was abbreviated (錫口; Sek-kháu)[1] in 1815 during Qing rule.

During Japanese rule (1895-1945) the area served as a prime tea-growing area in northern Taiwan. In 1920 the area's settlements were established as Matsuyama Village (Japanese: 松山庄), Shichisei District, Taihoku Prefecture. The village, named after Matsuyama City in Japan, was incorporated into Taihoku City (modern-day Taipei) in 1938.

At the outset of one-party rule by the Kuomintang (1945-1990) the Mandarin Chinese reading of the kanji characters 松山 (i.e. Sung-shan) was adopted as the name of the district which in 1946 officially comprised 26 municipal villages (里). In 1949 the area's tea estates gave way to military housing for lower-income Kuomintang refugee families. The bodies of many residents and political victims from Taiwan's martial law period are buried in hillside cemeteries that now overlook the Taipei 101 shopping district.[2][3] By 1980 Songshan was the most populous area of the city.

In 1990, the southern half of Songshan District became Xinyi District while the northern half retained its original name. The boundary of this smaller Songshan District was altered in May 1994 when the course of Keelung River was moved slightly to the south.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Urban villages of Songshan District
Songshan District Administration Center
Map including Songshan (labeled as Sung-shan-chuang (Matsuyamasho) 松山庄) (1950)

Songshan is divided into four regions (地區), or secondary district (次分區), which in turn are divided into 33 municipal villages.

Type Chinese[4] Hanyu Pinyin Tongyong Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Notes
Region 三民次分區 Sānmín Sanmin Sam-bîn northeast
Urban
villages
莊敬 Zhuāngjìng Jhuangjin Chong-kèng
東榮 Dōngróng Dongrong Tang-êng
三民 Sānmín Sanmin Sam-bîn
新益 Xīnyì Sinyi Sin-ek
富錦 Fùjǐn Fujin Hù-kím
新東 Xīndōng Sindong Sin-tang
富泰 Fùtài Futai Hù-thài
介壽 Jièshòu Jieshou Kài-siū literally means "Longevity to Chiang Kai-shek"
Region 東社次分區 Dōngshè Dongshe northwest and central (largest region)
Urban
villages
精忠 Jīngzhōng Jinjhong Cheng-tiong
東光 Dōngguāng Dongguang Tang-kng
龍田 Lóngtián Longtian Liông-tiân
東昌 Dōngchāng Dongchang Tang-chhiong
東勢 Dōngshì Dongshi Tang-sì
中華 Zhōnghuá Jhonghua Tiong-hôa
民有 Mínyǒu Minyou Bîn-iú
民福 Mínfú Minfu Bîn-hok
松基 Sōngjī Songji Siông-ki
Region 本鎮次分區 Běnzhèn Benjheng southeast
Urban
villages
慈祐 Cíyòu Cihyou Chû-iū
安平 Ānpíng Anping An-pêng
鵬程 Péngchéng Pengcheng Phêng-têng
自強 Zìqiáng Zihciang Chū-kiông
吉祥 Jíxiáng Jisiang Kiat-siông
新聚 Xīnjù Sinjyu Sin-chū
復盛 Fùshèng Fusheng Ho̍k-sēng
Region 中崙次分區 Zhōnglún Jhonglyuen Tiong-lūn southwest
Urban
villages
中正 Zhōngzhèng Jhongjheng Tiong-chèng
中崙 Zhōnglún Jhonglyuen Tiong-lūn
美仁 Měirén Meiren Bí-jîn
吉仁 Jírén Jiren Kiat-jîn
敦化 Dūnhuà Dunhua Tun-hòa
復源 Fùyuán Fuyuan Ho̍k-goân
復建 Fùjiàn Fujian Ho̍k-kiān
復勢 Fùshì Fushi Ho̍k-sì
福成 Fùchéng Fucheng Hok-sêng

Government institutions[edit]

Institutions[edit]

Economy[edit]

The China Airlines Taipei Branch Office and the former China Airlines headquarters in Songshan District

The district is a major financial center in Taipei, with many banking institutions located on Dunhua North Road (敦化北路) and Nanjing East Road (南京東路).

Mandarin Airlines,[5] Daily Air[6] and Far Eastern Air Transport[7] have their headquarters in Songshan.

Before moving its headquarters to a new location at CAL Park, Taoyuan International Airport, China Airlines formerly had its headquarters in the location of its current Taipei Branch Office on Nanjing E. Rd.[8][9][10] After the headquarters move, China Airlines developed part of the training center at Taipei Songshan Airport into a business aviation center.[11]

Infrastructures[edit]

Education[edit]

  • National Open University — Taipei Learning Center (空中大學 台北指導中心)[1]
  • Sungshan Community College (松山社區大學): located within Zhonglun Senior High School (中崙高中), in Jixiang Village [2]
  • Taipei Municipal Zhonglun High School
  • Taipei Municipal Xisong High School
  • Yu Da High School of Commerce and Home Economics (私立育達高級商業家事職業學校, short 育達商職): a private vocational high school in Meiren Village [3]

In addition, there are six middle schools, and eight elementary schools[12]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Fuxing North Road (復興北路) runs along the western boundary of the district. The other major north-south road is Dunhua North Road (敦化北路). Several major east-west arteries include Minquan East Road (民權東路), Sec. 3-5; Minsheng East Road (民生東路), Sec. 3-5; Nanjing East Road (南京東路), Sec. 3-5; and Bade Road (八德路), Sec. 2-4.

The southern border is outlined by the Civic Blvd (市民大道). Meanwhile, National Highway 1 borders the northern part of the district.

Metro[edit]

The metro access is provided by the Neihu Line above Fuxing Road and the Songshan Line provides east-west access underneath Nanjing East Road.

Airport[edit]

Songshan Airport is located in Dongshe Region, accessible by the Taipei Metro Neihu Line's Songshan Airport Station.

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entry #40238 (錫口)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan]. (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
  2. ^ di Genova, Trista (1 March 2009). "Taipei graveyard holds key to White Terror: Arrigo". The China Post.
  3. ^ Chiu, Shao-wen; Pan, Jason (5 April 2013). "FEATURE: Taipei's graveyards are also some of its hottest tourist spots". Taipei Times. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ 里鄰經費辦理情形 (in Chinese). 21 February 2019. Retrieved 25 June 2019. 臺北市松山區各里辦公處網站登載年度公告里鄰經費辦理情形 --三民次分區-- 莊敬里 東榮里 三民里 新益里 富錦里 新東里 富泰里 介壽里 --東社次分區-- 精忠里 東光里 龍田里 東昌里 東勢里 中華里 民有里 民福里 松基里 --本鎮次分區-- 慈祐里 安平里 鵬程里 自強里 吉祥里 新聚里 復盛里 --中崙次分區-- 中正里 中崙里 美仁里 吉仁里 敦化里 復源里 復建里 復勢里 福成里
  5. ^ "Contact Us." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "台北總公司: 105台北市民生東路三段134號13樓."
  6. ^ "德安航空股份有限公司一般租機合約書." (Archive) Daily Air. Retrieved on January 5, 2012. "地址:台北市敦化北路340號之10"
  7. ^ Home page. Far Eastern Air Transport. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "地址:台北市敦化北路405巷123弄5號 " - Map (Archive)
  8. ^ "Investor Relations." China Airlines. Retrieved 2009-05-20. "Address: No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Taipei City 104, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"
  9. ^ "Cargo." Taoyuan International Airport. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "Address: 12F., No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Songshan District, Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.)."
  10. ^ Staff. "CAL to inaugurate new HQ near Taoyuan airport." The China Post. Thursday September 10, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
  11. ^ Staff. "Plans for faster service at Songshan Airport: CAA." The China Post. July 5, 2009. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "台北市行政地圖松山區." Taipei City Education Portal Site, Department of Education, Taipei City. Updated 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2011-06-08.

External links[edit]