Songshan District, Taipei
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|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|• Total||9.2878 km2 (3.5860 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 9th of 12|
|• Rank||Ranked 8th of 12|
|• Density||23,000/km2 (58,000/sq mi)|
|Website||About Songshan District|
|Songshan District, Taipei|
Songshan was originally named Malysyakkaw, a lowland Ketagalan word meaning "Where the river twists". Its written form (Chinese: 麻里折口; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bâ-lí-chek-kháu) was abbreviated (錫口; Sek-kháu) in 1815 during Qing rule.
During Japanese rule (1895-1945) the area served as a prime tea-growing area in northern Taiwan. In 1920 the area's settlements were established as Matsuyama Village (Japanese: 松山庄), Shichisei District, Taihoku Prefecture. The village, named after Matsuyama City in Japan, was incorporated into Taihoku City (modern-day Taipei) in 1938.
At the outset of one-party rule by the Kuomintang (1945-1990) the Mandarin Chinese reading of the kanji characters 松山 (i.e. Sung-shan) was adopted as the name of the district which in 1946 officially comprised 26 municipal villages (里). In 1949 the area's tea estates gave way to military housing for lower-income Kuomintang refugee families. The bodies of many residents and political victims from Taiwan's martial law period are buried in hillside cemeteries that now overlook the Taipei 101 shopping district. By 1980 Songshan was the most populous area of the city.
In 1990, the southern half of Songshan District became Xinyi District while the northern half retained its original name. The boundary of this smaller Songshan District was altered in May 1994 when the course of Keelung River was moved slightly to the south.
Songshan is divided into four regions (地區), or secondary district (次分區), which in turn are divided into 33 municipal villages. They following placenames are romanized in Hanyu Pinyin:
- Sanmin Region (三民地區): northeast
- Zhuangjin (莊敬)
- Fujin (富錦)
- Dongrong (東榮)
- Sanmin (三民)
- Jieshou (介壽): literally means "Longevity to Chiang Kai-shek"
- Xinyi (新益)
- Xindong (新東)
- Futai (富泰)
- Dongshe Region (東社地區): northwest and central (largest region)
- Jinzhong (精忠)
- Dongguang (東光)
- Longtian (龍田)
- Dongchang (東昌)
- Dongshi (東勢)
- Zhonghua (中華)
- Minyou (民有)
- Minfu (民福)
- Songji (松基)
- Benzheng Region (本鎮地區): southeast
- Ciyou (慈祐)
- Anping (安平)
- Pengcheng (鵬程)
- Ziqiang (自強)
- Jixiang (吉祥)
- Xinju (新聚)
- Fusheng (復盛)
- Zhonglun Region (中崙地區): southwest
- Zhongzheng (中正)
- Zhonglun (中崙)
- Meiren (美仁)
- Jiren (吉仁)
- Dunhua (敦化)
- Fuyuan (復源)
- Fujian (復建)
- Fushi (復勢)
- Fucheng (福成)
- Construction and Planning Agency
- Japan–Taiwan Exchange Association
- Belgian Office, Taipei
- Liaison Office of the Republic of South Africa
The district is a major financial center in Taipei, with many banking institutions located on Dunhua North Road (敦化北路) and Nanjing East Road (南京東路).
Before moving its headquarters to a new location at CAL Park, Taoyuan International Airport, China Airlines formerly had its headquarters in the location of its current Taipei Branch Office on Nanjing E. Rd. After the headquarters move, China Airlines developed part of the training center at Taipei Songshan Airport into a business aviation center.
- National Open University — Taipei Learning Center (空中大學 台北指導中心)
- Sungshan Community College (松山社區大學): located within Zhonglun Senior High School (中崙高中), in Jixiang Village 
- Taipei Municipal Zhonglun High School
- Taipei Municipal Xisong High School
- Yu Da High School of Commerce and Home Economics (私立育達高級商業家事職業學校, short 育達商職): a private vocational high school in Meiren Village 
- Breeze Center
- Ciyou Temple (慈祐宮 "Protected by the Kindness"), built in 1753, is dedicated to a dark-faced goddess Matsu.
- Puppetry Art Center of Taipei
- Raohe Street Night Market, organized in 1987, contains over 160 booths.
- Xiahai City Lord Temple (霞海城隍廟) was built in 1753.
- Taipei City Lord Temple (台北府城隍廟) was built in 1926.
- Taipei Arena is a modern facility that hosts events ranging from sports to concerts.
- Taipei Gymnasium
- The Metropolitan Hall is a venue for music, dancing, and theatrical performances operated by Taipei City Arts Promotion Office
- Land Reform Museum
- Aurora Art Museum
- Taiwan Stock Museum
- Yingfeng Riverside Park
- Guanshan Riverside Park
- Sanmin Park
- Xinzhong Park
- Japanese Cultural Center
Fuxing North Road (復興北路) runs along the western boundary of the district. The other major north-south road is Dunhua North Road (敦化北路). Several major east-west arteries include Minquan East Road (民權東路), Sec. 3-5; Minsheng East Road (民生東路), Sec. 3-5; Nanjing East Road (南京東路), Sec. 3-5; and Bade Road (八德路), Sec. 2-4.
- "Entry #40238 (錫口)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
- di Genova, Trista (1 March 2009). "Taipei graveyard holds key to White Terror: Arrigo". The China Post.
- Chiu, Shao-wen; Pan, Jason (5 April 2013). "FEATURE: Taipei's graveyards are also some of its hottest tourist spots". Taipei Times. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Contact Us." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "台北總公司: 105台北市民生東路三段134號13樓."
- "德安航空股份有限公司一般租機合約書." (Archive) Daily Air. Retrieved on January 5, 2012. "地址：台北市敦化北路340號之10"
- Home page. Far Eastern Air Transport. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "地址：台北市敦化北路405巷123弄5號 " - Map (Archive)
- "Investor Relations." China Airlines. Retrieved 2009-05-20. "Address: No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Taipei City 104, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"
- "Cargo." Taoyuan International Airport. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "Address: 12F., No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Songshan District, Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.)."
- Staff. "CAL to inaugurate new HQ near Taoyuan airport." The China Post. Thursday September 10, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Staff. "Plans for faster service at Songshan Airport: CAA." The China Post. July 5, 2009. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "台北市行政地圖松山區." Taipei City Education Portal Site, Department of Education, Taipei City. Updated 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
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